Unit 3 Review Colonization of Texas: Spanish, French, Mexican, and Anglo
Why were France and Spain in a struggle to occupy Texas? • Both countries wanted to possess the gold and silver that they believed were in the territory. • Neither country had a strong claim to the region, which lay between Spanish Mexico and French Louisiana. • The Spaniards wanted to convert the Native Texans, but the French did not. • Whichever nation possessed Texas would become the most powerful nation in Europe.
What was Count Jose de Escandon’s contribution to the settlement of Texas? • He established Los Adaes as the capital of the province of Texas and established Mission San Saba. • He mapped large portions of the state, making it possible for Spain to send out several groups of colonists. • He established two missions in East Texas as well as a presidio. • He brought almost 6,000 people to South Texas and founded the town of Laredo.
Why were the missions not as successful as Spain had hoped? • The native population inside the missions did not grow, it shrank. • Native Texans did not care for mission life and often ran away. • It cost the Spanish government money to maintain the missions. • All of the above.
In the early 1700s, the king of Spain gave land grants to colonists so that they could • Build irrigation systems. • Begin farming cotton. • Develop the cattle industry. • Construct housing for the mission priests.
On September 16, 1810, Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla • Called for Mexican citizens to seek independence from Spain. • Demanded full rights for all Native Texans. • Declared San Antonio de Bexar as the capital of Mexico. • Founded a new mission based on democratic ideas.
How did the Enlightenment change the way people thought about the world? • The movement inspired many people to become more religious and interested in spiritual matters. • The Enlightenment led people to apply reason and science to all aspects of society. • People became more curious about other countries and their customs and traditions. • Some people became concerned about the environment and how it might be damaged.
Besides converting Native Texans to the Catholic faith, one main purpose of the missions was to • Teach Native Texans to read and write. • Train priests for missionary work. • Teach Native Texans to be loyal subjects of Spain. • Train soldiers for future expeditions.
Why were Spanish officials worried about the number of Americans settling in Spanish Territory? • They feared that Americans would outnumber the Spaniards, making it easier for Americans to seize control of the territory. B. They were concerned that the Americans, who were mostly Protestant, would turn the Native Americans away from the Catholic Church. C. They thought that the territories would become overcrowded, leading to a variety of problems. D. They were convinced that the Americans would try to bring enslaved African Americans into Spanish territories, where slavery was illegal.
Which of these was not a reason settlers came to Texas? • They were attracted by plentiful and inexpensive land. • They were seeking adventure and personal gain. • They sought escape from problems in the United States. • They wanted to move to an established area.
How did Moses Austin finally obtain permission to bring colonists to Spanish Texas? A. He met the Baron de Bastrop, who persuaded Spanish officials to consider Austin’s petition. B. He traveled to Mexico City and met with the viceroy of Spain. C. He agreed to become a Catholic and to bring only Catholics to settle in Texas. D. He persuaded Martin de Leon to become his sponsor and sign the land grant on behalf of Spain.
What can you infer about the settlement patterns of Spanish Missions in the Texas? A. Spanish missionaries established mission settlements in the Coastal Plains region and took advantage of the readily available natural resources in that region. B. The majority of Spanish Missions was established in the Mountains and Basins region because of abundant rainfall. C. Spanish Missions settled in the Great Plains to convert a greater population of Native Texans. D. Missions were not established in North Central plains due to the lack of fertile soil.
True or False? Cabeza de Vaca imagined a population of Spanish settlers who would treat the Native Americans as friends and future trading partners/citizens.
True of False? The Rubi Report recommended that Spain abandon Texas, close most of its missions, and pull back its presidios along the Rio Grande.
What was Spain’s strategy for developing Texas? • Establish missions, Christianize the Indians, teach them Spanish while farming and they would become good citizens leading settlers to come from Mexico and Spain. OR B. Establish missions, fight off Apaches and other tribes, trade with the French, and use presidios as watchpoints on the Natives.
What turned Spain’s eye towards East Texas? • La Salle and France’s unsuccessful colonization attempt with the establishment of Fort St. Louis. • The Native Texans migration to the Coastal Plains. • Rumors of golden cities near present-day Tampa Bay, Florida. • Unclaimed territory left by the English.