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Jacksonian Poltics. Preceded by the so-called Era of Good Feelings. Learning Objectives—Jacksonian Politics. Identify the impacts of the Jackson presidency. How did the Jackson presidency represent and create political transformation in the United States.

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jacksonian poltics

Jacksonian Poltics

Preceded by the so-called Era of Good Feelings

learning objectives jacksonian politics
Learning Objectives—Jacksonian Politics
  • Identify the impacts of the Jackson presidency.
  • How did the Jackson presidency represent and create political transformation in the United States.
  • Look at democracy, the West, the scope and power of the national government, and the party system
  • How did Jackson affect the presidency?
james monroe era of good feelings
James Monroe—Era of Good Feelings
  • Era of Good Feelings label comes from a single but important Good Will tour of New England in 1817
  • Ran unopposed in 1820 and got all but 4 electoral votes
  • Great Cabinet: John Quincy Adams, William H. Crawford, John C. Calhoun

http://faculty.adams.edu/~ercrowth/us202powerpoints/monroe.ppt#259,4,Adams, Crawford, & Calhoun

election of 1824
Election of 1824
  • Candidates
  • The Tennessee legislature nominated Andrew Jackson
  • The Kentucky legislature nominated Henry Clay
  • Massachusetts nominated John Quincy Adams
  • The congressional caucus, nominated William H. Crawford .

Andrew Jackson

http://go.dbcc.edu/behavior_socsci/mckeowm/files/33A7092D1B814A209FA58BCF04AEAC36.ppt#265,10,V. Missouri Compromise

b the campaign
B. The Campaign
  • John C. Calhoun, ran for Vice-President on the Adams and Jackson tickets.
  • Adams benefited from the split of Southern and Western candidates.
  • Adams' supported Clay’s "American System“.
  • Jackson attacked "King Caucus ," supporting the right of the people to choose their own President.

John C Calhoun

http://go.dbcc.edu/behavior_socsci/mckeowm/files/33A7092D1B814A209FA58BCF04AEAC36.ppt#265,10,V. Missouri Compromise

c the results
C. The Results
  • Jackson received 99 electoral votes, Adams 84, Crawford 41, Clay 37. The election was settled in the House of Representatives.
  • Clay convinced The state delegation of Kentucky to vote for Adams.
  • Corrupt Bargain: Clay with making a "corrupt bargain“.
  • Adams offered Clay the position of Secretary of State.
  • the Republican party divided into two factions: National Republicansand Democratic Republicans .

Clay’s appointment to

Secretary of State.

http://go.dbcc.edu/behavior_socsci/mckeowm/files/33A7092D1B814A209FA58BCF04AEAC36.ppt#265,10,V. Missouri Compromise

slide7

http://content.answers.com/main/content/wp/en/thumb/3/3c/350px-ElectoralCollege1824-Large.pnghttp://content.answers.com/main/content/wp/en/thumb/3/3c/350px-ElectoralCollege1824-Large.png

election of 18241
Election of 1824

http://www.acsu.buffalo.edu/~msaghir/MR%20Folder%202

the election of 1828
the Election of 1828
  • the abominable tariff
the age of jackson
The Age of Jackson
  • Andrew Jackson was elected in 1828 and remained in office for two terms, until 1836.
  • Jackson was known as a national hero, and the symbol for the "common man".
  • Jackson also had a strong-will &

quick temper.

  • Jackson’s Presidency is known for:
    • Jacksonian democracy
    • Nullification issue
    • National bank issue

http://www.burke.k12.nc.us/ebhs/academics/socialstudies

the age of jackson1
The Age of Jackson

http://www.burke.k12.nc.us/ebhs/academics/socialstudies

jacksonian democracy
Jacksonian Democracy
  • Strengthened the executive branch & the Presidency at the expense of Congress
  • Broaden public participation in government.
  • Enfranchised all eligible white males, rather than just property owners (White male suffrage)
  • Supported the patronage system
  • Favored elected judges..
  • Favored geographical expansion, sometimes justifying it in terms of Manifest Destiny

http://www.burke.k12.nc.us/ebhs/academics/socialstudies

the spoils system
The Spoils System
  • Also known as Political Patronage
  • The patronage system enabled politicians to appoint their supporters into Gov’t jobs,
  • Jacksonian’s argued that these appointments would lead to increased public participation in politics.

http://www.burke.k12.nc.us/ebhs/academics/socialstudies

democracy in america
democracy in America
  • the expanded franchise
jacksonian democracy1
Jacksonian Democracy
  • JACKSONIAN ERA 1824 - 1840
    • JACKSON 1828-1836
      • Jackson - the people's man
        • vigorous leadership
        • egalitarian
        • any honest citizen can represent in government
        • the people themselves should decide on public policy
        • "spoils system"
          • offices given as a reward for their support

POPULAR WILL -----> PUBLIC POLICY

The Election of 1828

http://faculty.sierracollege.edu/ccox/history_17A/15%20Building%20A%20Nation.ppt#301,7,BUILDING A NATION

nullification issue
Nullification Issue
  • A sectional crisis during the Jackson’s presidency over the question of a state’s right to nullify a federal law
  • The issue developed around protective tariffs, specifically the Tariff of 1828, that was also called the "Tariff of Abominations".
  • The debate over states' rights threatened conflict between South Carolina and the federal government

http://www.burke.k12.nc.us/ebhs/academics/socialstudies

john c calhoun
John C. Calhoun
  • From South Carolina and Jackson’s VP in his first term,
  • Calhoun believed in strong states rights in contrast to a strong central government
  • He led the southern fight against high Protective Tariffs
  • Near death in 1860, he led he south to secession

http://www.burke.k12.nc.us/ebhs/academics/socialstudies

john c calhoun1
John C. Calhoun

http://www.burke.k12.nc.us/ebhs/academics/socialstudies

south carolina exposition and protest
South Carolina Exposition and Protest
  • Calhoun’s issues with the Tariffs were intense
  • He felt states had the right to Nullify laws of the Federal Gov't that were unconstitutional.
  • He further reasoned that if the federal Gov't refused to allow nullification, then states, could withdraw from the union.
  • Calhoun wrote down his theory in a document entitled The South Carolina Exposition

http://www.burke.k12.nc.us/ebhs/academics/socialstudies

south carolina nullification crisis
South Carolina Nullification Crisis
  • The Ordinance of Nullification declared both the tariffs of 1828 and 1832 null and void within SC state borders
  • In response, President Andrew Jackson sent naval vessels to Charleston
  • Congress passed a "Force Bill" authorizing Jackson to take actions to enforce law.
  • Henry Clay, the Great Compromiser, resolved the crisis with his Tariff of 1833, also know as the compromise Tariff

http://www.burke.k12.nc.us/ebhs/academics/socialstudies

national bank issue
National Bank Issue
  • Andrew Jackson was opposed to the National Bank, even though it was declared constitutional by the supreme court in McCulloch v. Maryland, 1819
  • Jackson's independent personality contributed to his efforts to undermine it
  • Finally, Jackson favored his Pet Banks
  • This caused the Panic of 1837

http://www.burke.k12.nc.us/ebhs/academics/socialstudies

national bank issue1
National Bank Issue

http://www.burke.k12.nc.us/ebhs/academics/socialstudies

pet banks
Pet Banks
  • In his effort to destroy the Bank of the U.S., Jackson refused to deposit federal money in the National Bank.
  • Instead, he used state banks that were loyal to his party.
  • These banks were called Pet Banks.

http://www.burke.k12.nc.us/ebhs/academics/socialstudies

panic of 1837
Panic of 1837
  • The prosperity of the early 1830s was led by the construction of new canals railroads
  • The prosperity bubble burst in 1837
  • Causes include the economic policies of President Jackson who favored currency in only gold or silver (Tight Money) and who terminated the National Bank.
  • Also, Pres. Van Buren refused to involve the government in the economic recovery

http://www.burke.k12.nc.us/ebhs/academics/socialstudies

election of 1832
Election of 1832
  • President Andrew Jackson, candidate of the Democratic Party, easily won reelection against Henry Clay of Kentucky.
  • The first national election for Martin Van Buren of NY, who replaced Calhoun as VP

http://www.burke.k12.nc.us/ebhs/academics/socialstudies

indian removal act 1830
INDIAN REMOVAL ACT - 1830
  • Congress, with Jackson’s support, passed the Indian Removal Act in 1830
  • Under this law, the federal government funded treaties that forced tribes west
  • The Cherokee Tribe in Georgia refused and were supported by the Supreme Court
  • Jackson refused to abide by the Court decision
  • Jackson said, “John Marshall (Supreme Court Chief Justice) has made his decision, now let him enforce it.”
  • Trail of Tears followed the Court ruling as U.S. troops rounded up the Cherokee and drove them west, mostly on foot. . .thousands died

http://webzoom.freewebs.com/centralhistory/A%20C%203%20US%20CHAPTER%203.ppt

slide32

INDIAN REMOVAL - 1830

http://webzoom.freewebs.com/centralhistory/A%20C%203%20US%20CHAPTER%203.ppt

whig party 1832 to 1856
Whig Party, 1832 to 1856
  • The Whig party was formed in opposition to Andrew Jackson.
  • The name was based on American Whigs of 1770s who fought for independence.
  • Whig philosophy was compatible with the reformers goals.
  • The Whigs were commitment to Clay’s American System

http://www.burke.k12.nc.us/ebhs/academics/socialstudies

fuuuuuuuuumbllllllllllllle
Fuuuuuuuuumbllllllllllllle!!!!!
  • the handoff of the Presidency from Jackson to Van Buren
election of 1836
Election of 1836
  • Winner: Martin Van Buren
  • As Andrew Jackson's Secretary of State and then Vice President, he helped built Jacksonian democracy
  • His Presidency was overshadowed by the economic hardship of the Panic of 1837.

http://www.burke.k12.nc.us/ebhs/academics/socialstudies

slide36

http://content.answers.com/main/content/wp/en/thumb/d/d8/350px-ElectoralCollege1836-Large.pnghttp://content.answers.com/main/content/wp/en/thumb/d/d8/350px-ElectoralCollege1836-Large.png

election of 1840
Election of 1840

http://www.burke.k12.nc.us/ebhs/academics/socialstudies

election of 18401
Election of 1840
  • Van Buren was not popular do to the 1837 depression
  • Harrison ran as a war hero and man of the people, while presenting Van Buren as a wealthy snob
  • Rallying under the slogan “Tippecanoe and Tyler, too,” the Whigs easily won
  • The 2-party system re-emerged

http://www.burke.k12.nc.us/ebhs/academics/socialstudies