JacksonianDemocracy Indian Removal
Home of Cherokee Chief John Ross In original Cherokee Land
Includes 2,200 miles in 9 states- over land and water 16,000 Cherokee were forced to move- 4,000 died
Analyzing The Indian Removal Act 1830 • T-Chart: Compare • Native American Obligations • What the US government promises in return
Unit 4: A Divided nation: The civil war 1860-1865
Do you remember? • What decision in 1820-1821 delayed the Civil War? • What were the details? • In what way was it a compromise?
Fugitive Slave Law 1850 • F.S.A. #2: Made federal officers pay a huge fine and fined people who helped runaway slaves. • Result: Forced the northern states to actively enforce slavery. • Leading to the Civil War…
Vocabulary • Abolitionism- NOUN- movement to end the slave trade and slave labor system • Abolitionist- NOUN- person who wants to end slavery
Vocabulary • Popular Sovereignty: The right of the people living in a newly organized territory to decide by vote of their territorial legislature (white men)whether or not slavery would be permitted there
Kansas–Nebraska Act of 1854 • Repealed the Missouri Compromise • Opened Kansas and Nebraska to “settlement” • White males could vote (popular sovereignty): FREE OR SLAVE STATE? • Kansas HAD been closed to slavery = now rich slave owners could come and make it a SLAVE state! • Anti-slavery northerners were ANGRY • Result: Bleeding Kansas • Leading to the Civil War…
LOOK AT THE MAP • Kansas came in as a FREE state. • Missouri is a slave state. • How do slave owners in Missouri feel?
Dred Scott decision (1857) • Worst Supreme Court decision ever? 1.) The Court said that African Americans, whether slave or free, could not be American citizens and therefore had no standing to sue in federal court. 2.) The federal government had no power to regulate slavery in the federal territories acquired after the creation of the United States. Result: Slave owners rejoiced! Abolitionists were ANGRY Leading to Civil War…
Election of 1860 Abe Lincoln- Republican vs. Three other white men Democrat- Stephen Douglas(Author: Neb- Kansas Act 1854) Dred Scott= NO VOTING- SLAVERY OKAY Southerners did not trust Douglas= Southern Democrat Plus: Constitutional Union Party Southern Vote was split= Abe won with NO southern support Result= CIVIL WAR