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Day 4 Reading and Responding to Expository Text. Linguistics, Language, and Literacy. Day 4 Schedule. Welcome/Warm up Activity Learning Styles Activity Expository Text Define Standards Trace The Reading Process Pre-Reading/Skimming Annotation

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day 4 reading and responding to expository text

Day 4 Reading and Responding to Expository Text

Linguistics, Language, and Literacy

day 4 schedule
Day 4 Schedule
  • Welcome/Warm up Activity
  • Learning Styles Activity
  • Expository Text
    • Define
    • Standards Trace
  • The Reading Process



Outlining Summarizing/Reviewing

  • Reading Process Activity “Justin Lebo”
  • Expository Text/Read “New Jersey Abolishes the Death Penalty”
  • “A Cowboys Life”
the cube
The Cube
  • The person whose birthday comes closest the January 1st rolls the cube .
  • Answer the question that appears on the top.
  • Two people may respond to your thoughts
  • Pass the cube to the right.
what type of learner are you
What type of learner are you?
  • Your learning style really matters when you are attempting something new. Knowing the type of learner you are as a teacher will help you in a variety of ways…
learning styles are important
Learning Styles are Important

Teachers can…….

  • Utilize the information to tailor lesson plans that are interactive.
  • Create interesting and motivating classroom discussions.
  • Match teaching and learning styles to improve performance.
  • Motivate students according to their interests.
  • Provide a more meaningful dialogue with parents.
  • Discover the power of working on teams.
standards trace
Standards Trace
  • Reading 2.0
  • Identify the academic language (Verb)
  • List the “what” next to the verb
  • How might you be able to use this strategy in your lesson planning? With students?
what is expository writing
What is expository writing ?
  • Expository writing is a type of written discourse that is used to:
    • explain
    • describe
    • give information
    • inform
    • The creator of an expository text can not assume that the reader or listener has prior knowledge or prior understanding of the topic that is being discussed.  
expository writing
Expository Writing
  • One important point to keep in mind for the writer of an expository work is the importance of using:
    • Key vocabulary that clearly expresses the information the writer is providing for the reader.
    • In addition to this, a key component in expository writing is the organization of the essay.
expository organizational patterns
Expository Organizational Patterns
  • As we begin to explore both oral and written exposition we find that there are eight different examples of expository organizational patterns.
  • Most of these organizational patterns will be familiar to you.
  • You may have never really considered them to be "kind" of organizational patterns.
  • Depicts a pattern in which the speaker discusses a topic, then diverts to discuss a related but different topic.
expository writing organizational patterns
Expository Writing Organizational Patterns
  • Cause and Effect- The author lists one or more causes and the resulting effect or effects.
  • Problem and Solution- The author states a problem and lists one or more solutions for the problem. A variation of this pattern is the question- and-answer format in which the author poses a question and then answers it.
narrative interspersion
Narrative Interspersion
  • A pattern or a sub-pattern imbedded in other patterns in which the speaker or writer intersperses a narrative within the expository text for specific purposes, including to clarify, or elaborate on a point or to link the subject matter to a personal experience.

When the speaker discusses a topic, then restates it using different words or symbolism. It is used to drive home a point and to give special emphasis to the text.

expository writing organizational patterns1
Expository Writing Organizational Patterns
  • Description- The author describes a topic by listing characteristics, features, and examples.
  •  Sequence- The author lists items or events in numerical or chronological order.
  • Comparison The author explains how two or more things are alike and/or how they are different.
what are pre reading activities
What are Pre-reading Activities?
  • To be beneficial our reading must be carefully directed. The information we have before a reading will affect how we understand what we have read. Pre-reading strategies help to activate a students prior knowledge.
pre reading activities
Pre-Reading Activities
  • Brainstorm possible scenarios about the story from reading the title.
  • Use a topic related to the story to have a class discussion before the reading of the story takes place.
  • Mind map the title or subject to help engage students in a proper mind set for the reading that will take place.
pre reading activities1
Pre-Reading Activities
  • Use pictures and other visual materials to activate students prior knowledge.
  • Advanced organizers relate new reading material to a previous experience or background.
  • Set a purpose for reading
  • Vocabulary Previews
  • Use a KWL chart to organize information
annotating text
Annotating text
  • Annotating text helps to improve students comprehension by teaching them to note the main ideas and details in a particular piece of text. This technique helps increase students attention to text and increases their memory of important information and details. There are several strategies for marking or annotating text.
mark it once
Mark It Once
  • The mark it once strategy helps students identify a paragraphs important details.

Ask students to mark one word in the paragraph that will help them remember an important detail in the paragraph.

Let’s Practice…

circle once underline twice
Circle Once, Underline Twice
  • In this activity students read each paragraph and circle one important word or phrase. Have them underline two other terms that support/explain the circled text.
pick a number
Pick a Number
  • The purpose of the Pick a Number strategy is to teach students to limit their highlighting and underlining by identifying key words and information.
  • Before students read have them pick a number between 8 and 15. Students must mark only this number words and phrases. They must choose terms from the entire text. They must justify their choices by writing a one sentence summary.
text to use for annotating practice


Directions in workbooks

Old textbooks




Articles from the internet

Student school magazines

Student work

Photocopied material

Junk mail

Text to Use for Annotating Practice
annotating text1
Annotating Text
  • Let’s practice:
  • Each participant will be given a variety of materials find an appropriate article to annotate the text .
  • Be prepared to share how this strategy will support learners.
outlining summarizing and reviewing
Outlining Summarizing and Reviewing
  • Summaries and outlines help students to retain key pieces of information from the text.
  • Outlining specifically helps students to organize the information so that it flows from beginning to end.
  • Summarizing helps students to retain key facts, delete information that is unimportant, and report main ideas and key concepts from a piece of text.
justin lebo
Justin Lebo

Story Vocabulary


Give way to pressure or force


To re-adjust into a straight line or into proper coordination.

  • To put each in the place of the other or to change places mutually.

To bring about a result. To fix conclusively or authoritatively


Association or organization formed for a specific purpose usually for a temporary amount of time.

justin lebo1
Justin Lebo
  • Today’s story is going to be about a boy who’s hobby turned into an opportunity to help others.

Quick Write:

Tell about a hobby that you have and discuss how it could possibly help others.

time to share quick writes
Time to Share Quick Writes
  • In small groups of 4 each person will share their quick write.
  • The group will select the best one and that person will share theirs with the whole group.
independent activity
Independent Activity

As you read the story about Justin Lebo use ONE of the following pre-reading activities:

  • Mark it Once
  • Circle Once ,Underline Twice
  • Pick a Number
  • Annotating Text
discuss with a partner
Discuss with a Partner
  • What you learned from notating the text as you read.
  • What are some key ideas or concepts you learned from the story?
  • What makes this story important for students?
summary outline goals
Summary/Outline Goals

The learner will be able to:

  • Independently write a summary or an outline of the story Justin Lebo.
  • Include a reflection as to how this story applies to life.
  • Prepare to share writing with a partner.
  • Select one of the summary graphic organizers.
  • Complete the graphic organizer for Justin Lebo
  • Be prepared to share
  • Explain to your table why you selected this graphic organizer.
  • What would be the value of offering a variety of graphic organizers?
expository text reading
Expository Text Reading
  • Quick Write
  • Preview Vocabulary
  • Read article independently
  • Idea Wave
  • Use a summary template
new jersey death penalty
New Jersey Death Penalty

Give some reasons why a state would decide to abolish it’s death penalty?

article specific vocabulary
Article Specific Vocabulary
  • Abolish
  • Execute
  • Sentence
  • Lethal injection
  • Parole
  • Irreversible
high use vocabulary
High Use Vocabulary
  • Legislature
  • Commission
  • Affect
  • Appeal
  • Investigate
  • Lab (Laboratory)
  • Conflicting
new jersey death penalty1
New Jersey Death Penalty
  • Read the article about the New Jersey Death Penalty
  • Use a pre-reading strategy
  • Be prepared to share one word that summarizes your reaction to the article
idea wave
Idea Wave
  • An idea wave is a strategy used to share information in a large group.
  • In a particular order across the room participants will share one word about the topic.
  • It is meant to go rapidly, there will be time for discussion later.
writing summary template
Writing Summary Template
  • The summary template is a Kate Kinsella strategy. It helps students to organize and report expository information using appropriate transitions.
  • After completing your summary template be prepared to share how this will be useful in your classroom.
pre reading activity for a cowboy tale
Pre-reading activity for A Cowboy Tale…

Listen to the First Paragraph of the story…

a cowboy tale
A Cowboy Tale…

What is the author’s purpose ?

a cowboy tale1
A Cowboy Tale…

Who is in charge of a cattle drive? Explain the roles of each job.

a cowboy tale2
A Cowboy Tale…

What are two dangers cowboys face?

the real story of
The Real Story of ….

A Cowboy’s Life

Geoffrey C. Ward

gallery walk
Gallery Walk

Let’s take a look at the strategies that we have used in today’s work shop……..

day 4 wrap up
Day 4 Wrap-up
  • Final Comments
  • Independent Study
    • Write a lesson plan that includes the standards and strategies for Reading Expository text
    • Be sure to include all student handouts and text
  • Evaluation