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VERBALS - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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VERBALS. OH HOW FUN! . definition. VERBAL IS A VERB FORM USED AS ANOTHER PART OF SPEECH TYPES OF VERBALS 1. GERUNDS 2 PARTICIPLES 3. INFINITIVES. GERUNDS. A VERB FORM END IN ING AND IS USED AS A NOUN USE OF GERUNDS 1. SUBJECT OF THE SENTENCE

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verbals

VERBALS

OH HOW FUN!

definition
definition
  • VERBAL IS A VERB FORM USED AS ANOTHER PART OF SPEECH
  • TYPES OF VERBALS

1. GERUNDS

2 PARTICIPLES

3. INFINITIVES

gerunds
GERUNDS
  • A VERB FORM END IN ING AND IS USED AS A NOUN
  • USE OF GERUNDS

1. SUBJECT OF THE SENTENCE

2. DIRECT OBJECT-RECEIVES THE ACTION OF THE VERB

3. OBJECT OF A PREPOSITION

examples
EXAMPLES
  • 1. Blocking requires strength.
  • 2. The athletes enjoy exercising.
  • 3. They maintain endurance by running.
gerunds cont
GERUNDS(cont.)
  • GERUND PHRASE- A GROUP OF WORDS THAT INCLUDES A GERUND AND OTHER WORDS TO COMPLETE ITS MEANING.
  • PHRASE WILL BEGIN WITH GERUND AND END IN A NOUN OR PRONOUN. INCLUDE ALL PREPOSITIONAL PHRASES WITH THE GERUND PHRASE.
  • EXAMPLE: Celebrating the victory at Harrison’s is a tradition.
examples1
EXAMPLES
  • 1. Kicking the ball takes skill.
  • 2. A team tries scoring a touchdown.
  • 3. A touchdown results from moving the ball across the goal.
practice practice practice
Practice, Practice, Practice
  • GET WRITER’S CHOICE BOOK FROM CABINET
  • TURN TO PG. 530
  • COMPLETE EX. 4 #’S 1-15
  • WRITE GERUND OR GERUND PHRASE
  • LABEL IF IT IS A SUBJECT (S), DIRECT OBJECT (D.O.), OR OBJECT OF A PREPOSTION (O.O.P.)
infinitives
iNFINITIVES
  • An infinitive is formed from the word “to” together with the base form of a verb. It is often used as a noun.
  • USES OF INFINITIVES
  • 1. SUBJECT
  • 2. DIRECT OBJECT
  • DO NOT CONFUSE THE INFINITIVE WITH A PREPOSITION
  • Example: I want my daughter to eat all her food.

I went to the grocery store over the weekend.

example sentences
EXAMPLE SENTENCES
  • 1. Those young players want to win.
  • 2. To referee demands patience.
  • 3. The coach is pointing to the pitcher.
infinitives cont
INFINITIVES(CONT. )
  • AN INFINITIVE PHRASE IS A GROUP OF WORDS THAT INCLUDES AN INFINITIVE AND OTHER WORDS TO COMPLETE ITS MEANING.
  • INCLUDE PREP. PHRASES WITH INF. PHRASES.
  • EXAMPLES
    • 1. A player may try to influence the call.
    • 2. To go to every game of the season is my dream.
practice makes perfect
Practice Makes perfect
  • GRAB A WRITER’S CHOICE BOOK FROM THE CABINET
  • TURN TO PG. 532
  • COMPLETE EX. 6 #’S 1-15
  • WRITE EACH INFINITIVE OR INFINITIVE PHRASE AND LABEL IT SUBJECT (S) OR DIRECT OBJECT (D. O.)
participles
PARTICIPLES
  • PRESENT PARTICIPLE IS FORMED BY ADDING INGTO THE VERB.
  • PAST PARTICIPLE IS USUALLY FORMED BY ADDING ED TO THE VERB. FOR IRREGULAR VERBS, ENDING CHANGE: T, N, EN, D
participle continued
PARTICIPLE cONTINUED
  • PARTICIPLE CAN ACT AS THE MAIN VERB IN A VERB PHRASE OR AS AN ADJECTIVE TO DESCRIBE NOUNS.
  • EXAMPLES
    • 1. The player has kicked the ball. (VERB PHRASE)
    • 2. The kicked ball soared. (ADJECTIVE)
participles cont
PARTICIPLES (CONT)
  • A PARTICIPLE THAT IS USED AS AND ADJECTIVE IS PART OF A PHRASE. IT IS CALLED A PARTICIPIAL PHRASE.
  • PARTICIPAL PHRASES BEGIN WITH A PARTICIPLE AND END WITH A NOUN OR PRONOUN.
  • INCLUDE PREP. PHRASES WITH PART. PHRASES.
part phrases
Part. phrases
  • A participial phrase is set off with commas when it: a) comes at the beginning of a sentence, b) interrupts a sentence as a nonessential element, or c) comes at the end of a sentence and is separated from the word it modifies.
examples2
EXAMPLES
  • 1. Cheering for the home team, the fans were on their feet.
  • 2. The ball kicked by Donnell soared into the goal.
  • 3. Running for the ball, a player slipped in the mud.
let s do some practice
LET’S DO SOME PRACTICE
  • GRAB WRITER’S CHOICE BOOK
  • TURN TO PG. 528
  • COMPLETE EX. 2 #’S 1-10.
  • WRITE DOWN PARTICIPIAL PHRASE AND IDENTIFY THE WORD THE PHRASE IS DESCRIBING.