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The Stock Market From A-Z. Everything you needed to know…in alphabet form . “A” is for Agent. An agent is one who trades on behalf of their customer. “B” is for bear market. Bear Market is a prolonged period where stock market prices fall. “C” is for Clean Price.

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everything you needed to know in alphabet form

The Stock MarketFrom A-Z

Everything you needed to know…in alphabet form.


“A” is for Agent

  • An agent is one who trades on behalf of their customer.
b is for bear market
“B” is for bear market
  • Bear Market is a prolonged period where stock market prices fall.
c is for clean price
“C” is for Clean Price
  • Clean price is the price quoted for a bond excluding accrued interest.
d is for dow jones
“D” is for Dow Jones
  • Is a market indicator, a method of measuring the stock market's performance. The Dow, created over 100 years ago, tracks the performance of 30 well established companies, often called blue chips.
  • We couldn’t find a pic of Dow Jones….we had to settle for Mike Jones…who? Mike Jones.
e is for exotic instruments
“E” is for exotic instruments
  • Any uncommon securities. This may include certain derivatives, structured or synthetic securities.
f is for float
“F” is for float
  • The initial raising of capital by public subscription to securities, such as shares offered on the share market for the first time.
g is for give up
“G” is for give-up
  • A member of the Exchange that trades on behalf of a second member by executing an order for him with a third member.
h is for haircut
“H” is for haircut
  • The margin or difference between the actual market value of a security and the value assessed by the lending side of a transaction.
i is for inflation
“I” is for Inflation
  • Increase in the prices for goods and services.
j is for junk bonds
“J” is for Junk Bonds
  • High-yielding bond issued by less secure companies; also used to finance leveraged buy-outs.
k is for kickers
“K” is for kickers
  • A right, warrant, or some other feature added to a debt instrument to make it more desirable to potential investors.
l is for locked in
“L” is for locked in
  • Investors are said to be "locked in" when a security they own is trading at a higher price than they paid for, but they choose not to sell in order to avoid having their profit become subject to the capital gains tax
m is for manipulation
“M” is for manipulation
  • An illegal operation. Buying or selling a security for the purpose of creating false or misleading appearance of active trading or for the purpose of raising or depressing the price to induce purchase or sale by others.
n is for naked option
“N” is for naked Option
  • Sometimes called an uncovered option, a naked option is one whose seller does not maintain an equivalent position in the underlying security
o is for orphan stock
“O” is for Orphan stock
  • A stock that is ignored by research analysts and as a result may be trading at low price earnings ratios.
p is for partial execution
“P” is for partial EXECUTION
  • When only a part of an order is executed
q is for quick assets
“Q” is for quick assets
  • Current assets minus inventories.
r is for risk
“R” is for Risk
  • Risk is the probability that the actual return of an investment will be different from the expected return.
s is for slope
“S” is for SLOPE
  • A simple indicator equal to the change in price divided by the number of time periods.

Note: You thought I was gonna go through a lesson without mentioning slope…WRONG!

t is for takeover
“T” is for takeover
  • The acquisition of one business or company by another.
u is for upthrust
“U” is for UPTHRUST
  • A situation that occurs when prices break above resistance, but soon reverse course and break back below resistance.
v is for vega
“V” is for vega
  • Is the measure of change in an option given a change in the volatility.
w is for whisper stock
“W” is for whisper stock
  • A stock rumored to be the target of a takeover bid, drawing speculators who hope to make a profit after the takeover is completed.
x is for xone
“X” is for XONE
  • Execution Only, no order entry.
y is for yield to warrant call
  • Applies mainly to convertible securities. Effective yield of usable or synthetic convertible bonds determined against the first date at which the warrants can be called.
z is for zero coupon bonds
“Z” is for zero coupon bonds
  • Zero coupon bonds are corporate or municipal debt securities that trade at a deep discount from the face value, as the bond pays no interest to the bondholders during its lifetime.
  • Thanks to Microsoft office, for the template, Bing for the pictures, and a special thanks to www.StockMarketDictionary.com for the definitions. I really enjoy their site. Please go check it out.