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The Russian Alphabet Russian 0010 2007-08-30 Outline Administrative Handwriting notes Alphabet New letters Review Handwriting practice The story of Э ́ рик Administrative New students: handouts Conversation class Return homework and quizzes Quiz results Homework results

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the russian alphabet

The Russian Alphabet

Russian 0010

2007-08-30

outline
Outline
  • Administrative
  • Handwriting notes
  • Alphabet
    • New letters
    • Review
    • Handwriting practice
  • The story of Э́рик
administrative
Administrative
  • New students: handouts
  • Conversation class
  • Return homework and quizzes
  • Quiz results
  • Homework results
  • If you have prior Russian language experience …
  • Alphabet through Tuesday, September 4
course web site
Course web site

http://clover.slavic.pitt.edu/~russ0010/2081/

(Not Courseweb / Blackboard)

handwriting notes
Handwriting Notes
  • л, м, я begin with a hook

http://www.brown.edu/Departments/LRC/RU_writing/index.htm

group 1
Group 1

Letters that look and sound more or less like their English counterparts

group 2
Group 2

Letters that look and sound more or less like their Greek counterparts

group 3
Group 3

Letters without obvious English or Greek counterparts

hard and soft consonants part 1
Hard and Soft Consonants, part 1
  • Most consonant letters may be pronunced either hard or soft
  • Soft = pronounce a “y” sound simultaneously with the consonant
    • та, тя
  • Hardness or softness is indicated by the letter following the consonant
hard and soft consonants part 2
Hard and Soft Consonants, part 2
  • A consonant followed by a soft sign (ь) is soft
    • мат ‘checkmate’
    • мать ‘mother’
  • A consonant followed by a soft vowel letter is soft
    • Hard: э, о, ы, у, а (та)
    • Soft: е, ё, и, ю, я (тя)
  • Otherwise a consonant is hard
  • A few consonants are always hard or always soft, regardless of what follows (more about this next time)
stress
Stress
  • Almost all Russian words have exactly one stress: ма́́ма
  • Most Russian words are pronounced the way they are spelled, except that some unstressed vowels change their pronunciation
vowel reduction part 1
Vowel “reduction”, part 1
  • Textbook, pp. 12–13
  • Rule 1:о > а in syllable immediately before stress or at very beginning of word
    • профе́ссор ‘professor’
    • Оклахо́ма ‘Oklahoma’
  • Rule 2: о/а > ə (“uh”) in other unstressed syllables
vowel reduction part 2
Vowel “reduction”, part 2
  • Rule 3, part 1: unstressed е/я > i not at end of word
    • Петербу́рг ‘Saint Petersburg’
  • Rule 3, part 2: unstressed я > yə (“yuh”) at end of word
    • Япо́ния ‘Japan’
slide51
сала́т

salad; lettuce

slide52
сала́т

salad; lettuce

slide62
фро́нт

(military) front

slide63
та́нк

(military) tank

slide64
пате́нт

patent (noun)

slide67
го́л

(sports) goal

slide81
ба́р

bar (for drinking)

slide86
хара́ктер

character (person)

slide87
газе́та

newspaper (cf. gazette)

slide93
сало́н

(beauty) salon

slide94
туале́т

toilet (bathroom)

slide95
метро́

metro (subway)

slide102
ка́сса

cash register

slide104
то́ст

toast (bread; something you propose when drinking)

slide112
но́та

(musical) note

slide123
одеколо́н

(eau de) cologne

slide127
сту́л

chair (cf. stool)

slide145
ми́тинг

(political) meeting

slide148
мини́стр

(government) minister

slide159
фи́зик

physicist

slide165
ли́фт

elevator

slide166
Бу́ш

(George) Bush

slide182
маши́на

machine, automobile

slide185
Хрущёв

Khrushchev

slide186
бо́рщ

borshch

slide196
журна́л

magazine (cf. journal)

slide200
жаке́т

(woman’s) jacket

slide203
ма́й

May (month)

slide245
пиани́но

(upright) piano

slide247
при́нтер

(computer) printer

slide248
дива́н

couch (cf. divan)

slide255
A а

А а

slide256
Б б

Б б

slide257
В в

В в

slide258
Г г

Г г

slide259
Д д

Д д

slide260
Е е

Е е

slide261
Ё ё

Ё ё

slide262
Ж ж

Ж ж

slide263
З з

З з

slide264
И и

И и

slide265
Й й

Й й

slide266
К к

К к

slide267
Л л

Л л

slide268
М м

М м

slide269
Н н

Н н

slide270
О о

О о

slide271
П п

П п

slide272
Р р

Р р

slide273
С с

С с

slide274
Т т

Т т

slide275
У у

У у

slide276
Ф ф

Ф ф

slide277
Х х

Х х

slide278
Ц ц

Ц ц

slide279
Ч ч

Ч ч

slide280
Ш ш

Ш ш

slide281
Щ щ

Щ щ

slide282
Ъ ъ

Ъ ъ

slide283
Ы ы

Ы ы

slide284
Ь ь

Ь ь

slide285
Э э

Э э

slide286
Ю ю

Ю ю

slide287
Я я

Я я