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Fitness- and Exercise-Related Careers. Chapter 13. Fitness- and Health-Related Careers. What are the responsibilities of a fitness or exercise specialist? What are the opportunities available for someone pursuing a therapy-related career?

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fitness and health related careers
Fitness- and Health-Related Careers
  • What are the responsibilities of a fitness or exercise specialist?
  • What are the opportunities available for someone pursuing a therapy-related career?
  • How does one increase their marketability for fitness-, health-, and therapy-related careers?
program areas
Program Areas
  • Preventive programs
    • Specialists work with healthy populations to increase their level of fitness.
    • Sites: Corporate fitness centers, commercial fitness centers, and community agencies (YMCA/YWCA)
  • Rehabilitative programs
    • Work with individuals who exhibit the effects of coronary heart disease focusing on attaining a functional state of living and an enhanced quality of life.
    • Sites: Hospitals, medical clinics or community agencies affiliated with corporate fitness centers.
wellness program components
Wellness Program Components
  • Fitness development and maintenance
  • Educational efforts
  • Health promotion
  • Lifestyle modification
  • Recreational sport opportunities
program aspects
Program Aspects
  • Medical screening
  • Fitness and lifestyle assessment
  • Goal setting
  • Supervised group programs
  • Educational classes
  • Motivation and reinforcement

Institute of Aerobics Research

exercise program specialist responsibilities
Exercise Program Specialist Responsibilities
  • Direct program
  • Train and supervise staff
  • Budget responsibilities
  • Facility management
  • Marketing
  • Evaluation
  • Individual exercise prescriptions
  • Evaluate and counsel on lifestyle
  • Data collection and analysis
worksite health programs
Worksite Health Programs
  • 46% of all worksites offer programs
    • 38% of small corporations
    • 68% of large corporations
  • Potential to reach over 142 million adults
    • Convenient for employees
    • Offers peer and social support
  • Economic benefits to corporations
    • Reduced injury rates, lower workman’s compensation costs, and reduced health care costs
    • Enhancement of workplace morale, retaining employees
core programs worksite wellness
Core Programs Worksite Wellness
  • Back care and injury prevention
  • Exercise & fitness
  • Stress management
  • Smoking control
  • Substance abuse
  • Weight management
  • Medical self-care
  • Consumer health education
  • Cholesterol reduction
  • Nutritional intervention
  • Select biometrics screening
  • Hypertension management
welcoa program suggestions
WELCOA Program Suggestions
  • Voluntary participation
  • Continuous marketing
  • Sensitivity to individual differences
  • Frequent evaluation
  • Modeling of healthy behavior by staff
  • Recognition and reward
  • Record-keeping
  • Balance between fun and clinically significant programs
  • Personalize the program
commercial and community fitness programs ihrsa
Commercial and Community Fitness Programs (IHRSA)
  • 30,022 clubs
  • 45.5 million members
      • 18-34 years comprise 33% of membership
      • 35-54 years comprise 34% of membership
      • Females make up the majority of membership
      • 51% membership has income over $75,000/year
  • U.S. health club revenues $19.1 billion
personal trainers
Personal Trainers
  • Work in private and public settings:
    • Conducting fitness assessments.
    • Developing specific goals with clients.
    • Designing programs for goal attainment.
    • Coaching clients through workouts.
    • Monitoring progress of goals.
  • Growing use of the Internet, email, and phone to hire personal trainers and report results for convenience.
strength and conditioning professionals
Strength and Conditioning Professionals
  • “Assess, motivate, educate, and train athletes for the primary goal of improving sport performance.” (NSCA)
  • Competencies necessary in the areas of:
    • Scientific foundations of sport/exercise and nutrition
    • Exercise leadership and program design
    • Sport psychology to maximize performance
    • Risks of performance-enhancing substances
rehabilitation programs
Rehabilitation Programs
  • Clinical exercise physiologists work mainly in hospitals and clinics.
  • Work closely with physicians to meet the needs of diverse clients.
  • To plan rehabilitation programs, they must be familiar with:
    • Medical aspects of clients disease or condition
    • Limitations faced by clients
    • Drugs commonly used to treat the disease/condition and their effects
    • Psychological aspects of exercise on the clients
career preparation
Career Preparation
  • Education
    • Undergraduate and graduate education in exercise science, fitness and cardiac rehabilitation, etc.
  • Various certifications offered by:
    • ACSM
    • YMCA
    • AFAA
    • NSCA
  • Practical experience
  • Professional involvement
athletic training
Athletic Training
  • Prevention of Injuries
    • Supervision of conditioning programs
    • Advising coaches and athletes
    • Assist with preseason physicals
    • Checking equipment and facilities for safety
  • Rehabilitation
    • Administers therapeutic treatments and monitors progress.
    • Motivate and encourage throughout recovery
    • Record-keeping of injury status and history of injury
  • Certification - NATA
health and weight management clubs spas
Health and Weight-Management Clubs & Spas
  • Sites ~ resorts, hotels, mineral springs, and cruise ships.
  • Are they only seeking your money?
  • Offer fitness activities, graded exercise tests, instruction in sport activities, exercise classes
  • Diet and nutritional counseling, stress management, massages
  • Growth of commercial diet centers focused on weight reduction.
therapy related careers
Therapy-Related Careers
  • Dance therapy
  • Recreational therapy
  • Kinesiotherapy
  • Physical Therapy
  • Chiropractor
  • Prerequisites may be required prior to admission for advanced study
  • Volunteer hours may be required for program admission
increasing professional marketability
Increasing Professional Marketability
  • Additional courses in health and related areas
  • Certification
    • ACSM, First Aid/CPR, NATA, NSCA
  • Build on one’s interests and strengths
  • Practical experience
    • Internships, fieldwork, and volunteering
    • Gain diverse experiences