Fitness- and Exercise-Related Careers. Chapter 12. Fitness- and Health-Related Careers. What are the responsibilities of a fitness or exercise specialist? What are the opportunities available for someone pursuing a therapy-related career?
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Fitness- and Exercise-Related Careers Chapter 12
Fitness- and Health-Related Careers • What are the responsibilities of a fitness or exercise specialist? • What are the opportunities available for someone pursuing a therapy-related career? • How does one increase their marketability for fitness-, health-, and therapy-related careers?
Program Areas • Preventive programs • Specialists work with healthy adults to increase their level of fitness. • Sites: Corporate fitness centers, commercial fitness centers, and community agencies (YMCA/YWCA) • Rehabilitative programs • Work with individuals who exhibit the effects of coronary heart disease focusing on attaining a functional state of living and an enhanced quality of life. • Sites: Hospitals, medical clinics or community agencies affiliated with corporate fitness centers.
Wellness Program Components • Fitness development and maintenance • Educational efforts • Health promotion • Lifestyle modification • Recreational sport opportunities
Program Aspects (Institute of Aerobics Research) • Medical screening • Fitness and lifestyle assessment • Goal setting • Supervised group programs • Educational classes • Motivation and reinforcement
Direct program Train and supervise staff Budget responsibilities Facility management Marketing Evaluation Individual exercise prescriptions Evaluate and counsel on lifestyle Data collection and analysis Exercise Program Specialist Responsibilities
Worksite Health Programs • 46% of all worksites offer programs • 38% of small corporations • 68% of large corporations • Potential to reach over 142 million adults • Convenient for employees • Offers peer and social support • Economic benefits to corporations • Reduced injury rates, lower workman’s compensation costs, and reduced health care costs • Enhancement of workplace morale, retaining employees
Back care and injury prevention Exercise/Physical fitness Stress management Smoking control Substance abuse Weight management Medical self-care Consumer health education Cholesterol reduction Nutritional intervention Select biometrics screening Hypertension management Core Programs Worksite Wellness
Voluntary participation Continuous marketing Sensitivity to individual differences Frequent evaluation Modeling of healthy behavior by staff Recognition and reward Record-keeping Balance between fun and clinically significant programs Personalize the program WELCOA Program Suggestions
Commercial and Community Fitness Programs (IHRSA) • 29,069 clubs • 41.3 million members • 18-34 years comprise 35% of membership • 35-54 years comprise 33% of membership • Females make up the majority of membership • 50% membership has income over $75,000/year • U.S. health club revenues $15.9 billion
Personal Trainers • Work in private and public settings: • Conducting fitness assessments. • Developing specific goals with clients. • Designing programs for goal attainment. • Coaching clients through workouts. • Monitoring progress of goals. • Growing use of the Internet, email, and phone to hire personal trainers and report results for convenience.
Strength and Conditioning Professionals • “Assess, motivate, educate, and train athletes for the primary goal of improving sport performance.” (NSCA) • Competencies necessary in the areas of: • Scientific foundations of sport/exercise and nutrition • Exercise leadership and program design • Sport psychology to maximize performance • Risks of performance-enhancing substances
Rehabilitation Programs • Clinical exercise physiologists work mainly in hospitals and clinics. • Work closely with physicians to meet the needs of diverse clients. • To plan rehabilitation programs, they must be familiar with: • Medical aspects of clients disease or condition • Limitations faced by clients • Drugs commonly used to treat the disease/condition and their effects • Psychological aspects of exercise on the clients
Career Preparation • Education • Undergraduate and graduate education in exercise science, fitness and cardiac rehabilitation, etc. • Various certifications offered by: • ACSM • YMCA • AFAA • NSCA • Practical experience • Professional involvement
Athletic Training • Prevention of Injuries • Supervision of conditioning programs • Advising coaches and athletes • Assist with preseason physicals • Checking equipment and facilities for safety • Rehabilitation • Administers therapeutic treatments and monitors progress. • Motivate and encourage throughout recovery • Record-keeping of injury status and history of injury • Certification - NATA
Health and Weight-Management Clubs & Spas • Found at resorts, hotels, mineral springs, and cruise ships. • Are they only seeking your money? • Offer fitness activities, graded exercise tests, instruction in sport activities, exercise classes • Diet and nutritional counseling, stress management, massages • Growth of commercial diet centers focused on weight reduction.
Dance therapy Recreational therapy Kinesiotherapy Physical Therapy Chiropractor Prerequisites may be required prior to admission for advanced study Volunteer hours may be required for program admission Therapy-Related Careers
Increasing Professional Marketability • Additional courses in health and related areas • Certification • ACSM, First Aid/CPR, NATA, NSCA • Build on one’s interests and strengths • Practical experience • Internships, fieldwork, and volunteering • Gain diverse experiences