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Protest, Resistance and Violence

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  1. Protest, Resistance and Violence Mr. Pinto SSLLDV CH. 10 Section 2

  2. Anthony Burns and the Personal Liberty Laws • Anthony Burns - Escaped Virginia slave living in Boston • Captured and returned to his owner in Virginia • All that was needed was a statement by a slave owner b/c of the Fugitive Slave Act: • Alleged fugitives were not allowed a trial by jury • Could not testify on your own behalf • Also paid $10 for returned slave. $5 if freed • Anyone convicted of helping a fugitive slave was charged $1,000 or imprisoned for 6 months • 9 Northern states had Personal Liberty Laws • No imprisonment of fugitives • Jury Trials that lasted years and cost slave owners $$$$$$$$

  3. The Underground Railroad • A secret network transporting slaves to Canada • “Conductors” hid fugitives and took them to next “station” • Harriett Tubman – Former slave • As a “conductor”, helped to free 300 slaves

  4. Dangers for Runaways • Traveled at night. • No sense of direction – “North star” • Avoiding patrols • Through forests and rivers – “Traps” • No food for days

  5. Uncle Tom’s Cabin • 1852, Abolitionist Harriett Beecher Stowe published Uncle Tom’s Cabin. • Slavery is a moral struggle • Northern abolitionists increased protest of FSA • Southerners criticized the book as an attack on the South as a whole

  6. Kansas-Nebraska • Stephen Douglas: • wants railroad from Chi. To S.F. • Must make deal w/ south who wanted r.r. also • Continued expansion meant more votes • Believed popular sovereignty better than M.C. 36, 30 line • Nebraska lay North of M.C. line • Assumed it would enter as 2 states, 1 slave 1 free • Supported repeal of M.C. • Douglas introduces Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854) • Divide territory into Nebraska and Kansas and give each popular sovereignty (repeal of M.C.) • “Border Ruffians” from Missouri crossed into Kansas and voted illegally • Issued pro-slavery acts • Anti-slavery gov. started in Lawrence, Kansas • Court calls anti-slavery Gov. traitors • “Sack of Lawrence” – town is burned to the ground

  7. John Brown • Abolitionist who believed that God called on him to fight slavery • led men into Pottawatomie and killed 5 pro-slavery men (Pottawatomie Massacre) • Hacked off their hands and stabbed them • Some 200 killings followed • “Bleeding Kansas”

  8. Violence in the Senate • Mass. Senator Sumner (North) attacked pro-slavery senators • Specifically Andrew Butler of S.C. • Sumner Physically attacked by Congressman Brooks (Southerner, Butler’s nephew) in Senate house • Widened gap between 2 sides