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Romanesque

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  1. Romanesque =PRR Sandwich Romanesque is sandwiched between Early Medieval and Gothic Romanesque Early Medieval Pilgrimage Relic Rome Gothic

  2. The Romanesque Church • Pilgrimage • Monasteries • larger to accommodate more people • Heavy, thick stone walls • Stone ceilings replace wooden ones • Buttresses which respond to interior • Exterior reflects interior • Round arch - groin and barrel vaults • Wall arcade or buttress with ambulatory, towers • Cylindrical apse and chapels • Square Schematism

  3. South France • Height • Pilgrimage style • Latin Cross

  4. Germany • low • No transept • Last to have atrium

  5. Normandy – England • Height and long nave • The Norman style developed during the rule of William the Conqueror (he's buried here). • Buttresses divide the facade into three bays – (tripartite)- there are also 3 horizontal divisions. • The spires were added during the Gothic period.

  6. Tuscany • Low and White Marble • Campanella (tower) • Basilica • Baptistery • Gothic renovations • Based on ancient traditions and some Islamic influence

  7. Sculpture • Rebirth of large scale projects • Around portals and ivories and reliquaries • Mythological beasts • Symbolism • Figure representation • Exaggerated positions/movements • Large heads and hands • Flat • Zig-zag poses and patterns • Clothing hides forms

  8. Romanesque Church Portal

  9. Painting and Illumination • Same style as sculpture • Similar to Byzantine but reject mosaic and prefer fresco

  10. Themes to study • The innovations of architecture • Functions of Romanesque cathedrals • Style and function of Romanesque Portals • Significance of the Bayeux Tapestry