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Romanesque. A key style of the Early Medieval. Textbook pp. 145-151. Fontenay Abbey, 1139-47. not in text. Poitiers, early 12 th c. not in text. Some definitions.

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Romanesque l.jpg
Romanesque

A key style of the

Early Medieval

Textbook pp. 145-151



Poitiers early 12 th c l.jpg
Poitiers, early 12th c.

not in text


Some definitions l.jpg
Some definitions

Romanesque – architectural style in vogue between 1050 and 1200, consisting of semi-circular arches, relatively massive walls supported by buttresses, and consequently smaller openings for natural light. The Romanesque style evolved as rapidly as the Gothic which replaced it, and despite the Romanesque interior's reputation for gloominess, great sanctuaries such as Vezelay and Autun achieve a lightness and a luminosity which rival those of the first Gothic edifices.

Term coined around 1825. 900-1200. In architecture the Romanesque is typified by the use of the round arch and conspicuously heavy construction. In painting and sculpture forms are often expressively distorted to convey religious emotion.

[Textbook] the medieval artistic style of c. 900-1200, in architecture characterized by the use of rounded arches, tunnel vaults, and other features of Roman architecture (hence the name "Romanesque“)

Note that Roman realism is not part of the Romanesque style.


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St. Sernin

see text p. 148-149



Interior church of la madeleine vezelay france c 1120 32 l.jpg
interior, Church of La Madeleine, Vezelay, France, c.1120-32

Some influences from the Islamic world . . .


Great mosque of cordoba interior spain c 736 l.jpg
Great Mosque of Cordoba,interiorSpainc. 736


San zeno maggiore verona 1120 38 l.jpg
San Zeno MaggioreVerona, 1120-38


San zeno maggiore verona 1120 3810 l.jpg
San Zeno MaggioreVerona, 1120-38







Mystic mill moses st paul grinding corn capitol church of la madeleine vezelay france c 1120 32 l.jpg
Mystic Mill, Moses & St Paul Grinding Corn France, c.1120-32, capitol, Church of La Madeleine, Vezelay, France, c.1120-32

hair “flows” into drapery of clothing

Another art history text interprets this as a wine press

textbook, p 151


Demon woman capitol church of la madeleine vezelay france c 1120 32 l.jpg
Demon & Woman France, c.1120-32, capitol, Church of La Madeleine, Vezelay, France, c.1120-32

serpent

Not in textbook


Gislebertus last judgment tympanum detail autun france c 1120 35 l.jpg
Gislebertus, France, c.1120-32Last Judgment,tympanum detail, Autun, France, c.1120-35

detail, p. 150

general view, p 131


San zeno maggiore verona 1120 3819 l.jpg
San Zeno Maggiore France, c.1120-32Verona, 1120-38


Visitation 11 12 th c spain fresco l.jpg
Visitation France, c.1120-3211-12th c. Spainfresco

p. 146


Early medieval summary 800 1150 l.jpg
EARLY MEDIEVAL SUMMARY France, c.1120-32800-1150

  • POLITICS – Charlemagne, Ottonian (German) emperors

  • ARCHITECTURE – Romanesque Style, c. 900

  • ART – relief sculpture and a fantastic approach to human form

  • IDEAS – The Culture of the Book; monasteries

  • MUSIC – consolidation of chant; early notation neumes & staff (staff c.1000)


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New Anchor Dates

1000

  • Musical STAFF used for

  • CHANT in the

  • EARLY MEDIEVAL PERIOD in

  • MONASTERIES

1066