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Romanesque. A key style of the Early Medieval. Textbook pp. 145-151. Fontenay Abbey, 1139-47. not in text. Poitiers, early 12 th c. not in text. Some definitions.

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Romanesque


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    1. Romanesque A key style of the Early Medieval Textbook pp. 145-151

    2. Fontenay Abbey, 1139-47 not in text

    3. Poitiers, early 12th c. not in text

    4. Some definitions Romanesque – architectural style in vogue between 1050 and 1200, consisting of semi-circular arches, relatively massive walls supported by buttresses, and consequently smaller openings for natural light. The Romanesque style evolved as rapidly as the Gothic which replaced it, and despite the Romanesque interior's reputation for gloominess, great sanctuaries such as Vezelay and Autun achieve a lightness and a luminosity which rival those of the first Gothic edifices. Term coined around 1825. 900-1200. In architecture the Romanesque is typified by the use of the round arch and conspicuously heavy construction. In painting and sculpture forms are often expressively distorted to convey religious emotion. [Textbook] the medieval artistic style of c. 900-1200, in architecture characterized by the use of rounded arches, tunnel vaults, and other features of Roman architecture (hence the name "Romanesque“) Note that Roman realism is not part of the Romanesque style.

    5. St. Sernin see text p. 148-149

    6. St. Sernin

    7. interior, Church of La Madeleine, Vezelay, France, c.1120-32 Some influences from the Islamic world . . .

    8. Great Mosque of Cordoba,interiorSpainc. 736

    9. San Zeno MaggioreVerona, 1120-38

    10. San Zeno MaggioreVerona, 1120-38

    11. Church of La Madeleine, Vezelay, France, c.1120-32 tympanum see text p. 131, 151

    12. The Romanesque approach to the human form

    13. Tympanum, Church of La Madeleine, Vezelay, France, c.1120-32 Proportions? Not in textbook

    14. Tympanum, left detail, Church of La Madeleine, Vezelay, France, c.1120-32

    15. Tympanum, right detail, Church of La Madeleine, Vezelay, France, c.1120-32

    16. Mystic Mill, Moses & St Paul Grinding Corn, capitol, Church of La Madeleine, Vezelay, France, c.1120-32 hair “flows” into drapery of clothing Another art history text interprets this as a wine press textbook, p 151

    17. Demon & Woman, capitol, Church of La Madeleine, Vezelay, France, c.1120-32 serpent Not in textbook

    18. Gislebertus, Last Judgment,tympanum detail, Autun, France, c.1120-35 detail, p. 150 general view, p 131

    19. San Zeno MaggioreVerona, 1120-38

    20. Visitation11-12th c. Spainfresco p. 146

    21. EARLY MEDIEVAL SUMMARY800-1150 • POLITICS – Charlemagne, Ottonian (German) emperors • ARCHITECTURE – Romanesque Style, c. 900 • ART – relief sculpture and a fantastic approach to human form • IDEAS – The Culture of the Book; monasteries • MUSIC – consolidation of chant; early notation neumes & staff (staff c.1000)

    22. BATTLE OF HASTINGS depicted in the • BAYEUX TAPESTRY which we associate with • FEUDALISM New Anchor Dates 1000 • Musical STAFF used for • CHANT in the • EARLY MEDIEVAL PERIOD in • MONASTERIES 1066