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How do parents and day-care workers cooperate in the upbringing of children in day-care centres? A case study

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How do parents and day-care workers cooperate in the upbringing of children in day-care centres? A case study. Ellen Allewijn-Tzipris The Netherlands. Use of day-care centres in the Netherlands. 3 months to 48 months 2 or 3 days a week Part-time working mothers

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How do parents and day-care workers cooperate in the upbringing of children in day-care centres? A case study

Ellen Allewijn-Tzipris

The Netherlands

use of day care centres in the netherlands
Use of day-care centres in the Netherlands
  • 3 months to 48 months
  • 2 or 3 days a week
  • Part-time working mothers
  • Main purpose of day-care, according to parents, is not upbringing, but rather “baby-sitting”.
characteristics of the case study
Characteristics of the case study
  • Research question…
  • Dual-earner parents
  • Parents who use 3 or more days a week day-care for their children
  • 1 Day-care centre in the Netherlands
  • In PhD-research 4 case study’s
  • Not representation, but description of the situation with the aim to change something in the day-care
methodology
Methodology
  • Combination of phenomenological approach and action research
  • Research consists of 2 parts
  • Selections of respondents
  • In-depth interviews
  • Participant observations
  • Focus group (group discussions)
  • List of recommendations
  • Small questionnaire to all parents
characteristics day care
Characteristics day-care
  • 5 groups: 2 groups (age 3 months- ±20 months)

3 groups (age ± 20 months-48 months)

  • 18 daycare workers: 90% of them work 2 of 3 days in the daycare
  • In may 2007 115 children: 19% 1 day, 41% 2 days, 23% 3 days
  • Daycare situated in low social-economical area
  • 14% parents lived in different areas
results 1
Results (1)
  • Cooperation depends on 3 aspects:

1. The contain related to the upbringing

2. Type of communication (behavior, voice)

3. Different kind of contact moments

  • Cooperation between parents and day-care workers occur when there is a problem or the child is in a new development phase, or the parents and workers have questions related to the upbringing.
  • Kind of information from day-care workers should differ from group to group.
  • Parents didn’t have much expectations.
results 2
Results (2)
  • Day-care workers and parents have a different view on upbringing.
  • The aims of upbringing mentioned by day-care workers don’tmatch the pedagogical policy.
  • Parents and day-care workers share common views on the responsibility of the day care worker concerning the upbringing in the day-care.
  • The parents didn’t realize that day-care workers pay so much attention to developmental and pedagogical goals.
recommendations 1
Recommendations (1)
  • Parents and day-care workers gave the following recommendations:

1. Day-care workers should construct pedagogical policy;

2. When children switch to the older group there should be an “intake-conversation” for the parents, providing them with accurate information;

3. Parent participation could be increased by organizing evenings with topics directly concerning day-care centre.

4. In the “intake-conversation” day-care workers should tell more on the implicit pedagogical aims and goals of the day-care.

recommendations 2
Recommendations (2)

5. To provide every parent a free copy of the pedagogical policy of the day-care.

6. The initiative of the contain during the 10-minute conversation should be with the day-care worker, unless the parent has something to ask.

7. Parents didn’t like the opening phrase of the day-care workers when they were picking up their children: “Everything went well today…”. Start a conversation in an other way.

the policy in the day care centre what has changed
The policy in the day-care centreWhat has changed?
  • In September all day-care workers will construct together the pedagogical policy.
  • In every day-care workers’ meeting from September pedagogical topics will be included.
  • Since June extra “intake-conversations” for parents whose children go to the older group took place.
  • Twice a year an evening for parents will be organized with a theme directly related to the day-care. Video- material will be used.
  • The “intake-conversation” for new parents will be renewed.
  • Free copy of pedagogical policy for the parents will be provided.
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