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Types of Practices. Aim of the lesson: To develop an understanding of the following types of practice situations and the benefits of each: *Passive/active practices *Shadow practice * Co-operative practice * Pressure Drills * Small sided Games * Conditioned games. Passive Practice.

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types of practices

Types of Practices

Aim of the lesson: To develop an understanding of the following types of practice situations and the benefits of each:

*Passive/active practices

*Shadow practice

* Co-operative practice

* Pressure Drills

* Small sided Games

* Conditioned games

passive practice
Passive Practice
  • During your lessons you will have been asked to be a passive player. For example, In Basketball when a class mate is practising the lay up shot you may be asked to be a passive defender. This would mean you would stand in a defensive position however you would make no attempt to intercept the ball. This allows your class mate to practice the lay up under limited pressure.

Passive Player does not move

active practice
Active Practice
  • To make the practice more game like you may then be asked to be more active in the practice. Therefore when your opponent approaches you, you will make an attempt to prevent them from shooting. You have now went from an passive player to an active player.

Now that the defender is active the attacker fakes first to try and get round


Shadow Practice

Shadow Practiceallows you to mirror the movement without actually playing the shot.

Look at the diagram. You will have done this shadow practice in Badminton before:

This is to practice the correct movement and technique without actually hitting a shuttle. Using there racket your partner points to the different areas of the court, making sure that you cover the backcourt, midcourt, and the frontcourt with both your forehand and backhand. You must commit fully during this practice as you would in any competition. Imagine that you are playing against a world class player. It will definitely improve your movement on court, fitness and help you master the mechanics of the shot.

Badminton Shadow Practice

co operative practice
Co-operative Practice
  • To make a practice effective you must co-operate fully with your partner.
  • This might mean setting the ball high for your team-mate to practice his spike.
  • You might also be asked to fill out an observation schedule which will inform your partner of areas he needs to improve on.
  • Or in a more game like practice you must cooperate with your other team-mates by accepting your role and performing it well.
pressure drills
Pressure drills
  • Coping under pressure is the hallmark of success in any sport. As often as not, the best performers are those who keep the skill elements of their game or event together under the most severe physical and psychological duress.
  • E.g. goal-keeping practice Players around the circle must keep the ball moving with one-touch passes. At any time a player can shoot at the goalkeeper. The goalkeeper must constantly anticipate a shot and react quickly. After fielding a shot, the goalkeeper returns the ball to one of the players around the centre circle.
small sided games
Small sided games
  • Sometimes you will not play a full sided game but in fact play with less number of players than normal. There are a number of benefits of changing the number of players:
  • To practise in a game situation but be able to control aspects of the game
  • To increase the number of times that the skill is performed in a game situation
  • There are fewer options so decision making skills can be improved
  • To improve problem-solving skills.
  • Some practices use more attackers than defenders. Reasons for this doing this are:
  • It can develop confidence due to less pressure or a higher success rate.
  • It can help to develop decision-making skills
  • It can provide motivation if there is a high success rate
  • To practise our defending skills
  • It helps our defenders work harder to develop fitness.
conditioned games
Conditioned Games
  • To help you develop skills, the teacher may change the condition of an activity. Here are two examples, one in an individual activity and one in a team activity.
  • Individual Activity:Table Tennis

Skill/ Technique:Forehand

Condition:We are only allowed to use forehand shots.

How this helped:It allowed me to repeat the skill many times which helped it become automatic/gave me more confidence /helped me to groove the technique.

Team Activity: Volleyball

skill/ Technique: Setting

Condition: We were allowed to catch the first ball played over the net.

How this helped: It increased the accuracy of the pass to the setter which enabled their setting skills to be developed