culture clash on the western frontier 1850 s 1890 s n.
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Culture Clash on the Western Frontier 1850’s-1890’s. U.S. policy shift over Indian Lands. Reasons for policy shift Gold and Silver strikes Railroad Treaties created specific boundaries for tribes Natives ignored treaties Led to clashes with settlers. Treaty of Fort Laramie.

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u s policy shift over indian lands
U.S. policy shift over Indian Lands
  • Reasons for policy shift
    • Gold and Silver strikes
    • Railroad
  • Treaties created specific boundaries for tribes
    • Natives ignored treaties
    • Led to clashes with settlers
treaty of fort laramie
Treaty of Fort Laramie
  • Treaty of 1868- Sioux live on reservation
    • Result of attacks along Bozeman Trail
    • Natives received
      • Land along Missouri River
      • protection and supplies
    • Problems with treaty
      • Not all Chiefs signed
      • Expected to come and go from reservation
      • Expected to use traditional hunting grounds
      • Supplies came late and poor quality
the ghost dance
The Ghost Dance
  • Community dance
    • Special outfits, face painting
    • Lively dance
    • Loud singing
  • Indian prophet claimed performance of dance would lead to peace, prosperity and a return to their way of life
    • Some believed dance would eradicate whites
misunderstanding of the ghost dance
Misunderstanding of the Ghost Dance
  • Whites interpreted dance to be a war dance

Encouraged government ban

sitting bull
Sitting Bull
  • Sioux leader
  • Supported ghost dance
  • U.S. military panicked
    • During arrest attempt, Sitting Bull was killed
  • Cavalry was sent to disarm Lakota Tribe
  • Led to Wounded Knee Massacre
dawes act 1887
Dawes Act- 1887
  • Teach desire to own property and farm
    • Gave each family land
    • Sold rest to settlers
      • Settlers took best land
  • Considered to be the end of the Native American way of life
assimilation
Assimilation
  • Assimilation
    • Believed in “Americanizing” the Native Americans
    • “kill the Indian, save the man”
  • Expected of them
    • Give up their beliefs
    • Also their way of life
    • Become part of the white culture