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The Agricultural South. Basing their entire economy on agriculture will begin to separate the southern colonies from the northern colonies. Plantation Society. Plantation-large,self sufficient Rivers are deep,wide No need for docks,warehouses Shops,markets do not develop

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the agricultural south

The Agricultural South

Basing their entire economy on agriculture will begin to separate the southern colonies from the northern colonies

plantation society
Plantation Society
  • Plantation-large,self sufficient
  • Rivers are deep,wide
  • No need for docks,warehouses
  • Shops,markets do not develop
  • South will stay rural
southern society
Southern Society
  • Immigrants to north came for religious freedom
  • Immigrants to middle colonies came for religious and economic reasons
  • Immigrants to south come for one reason-Make Money$$$$$
life as a planter
Life as a Planter
  • Life is good!
  • Parties,balls,banquets
  • They will control politics
  • They will control many aspects of society
  • 1700-1770-Their standard of living is going way up
  • They will need slavery to keep up this lifestyle
role of women
Role of women
  • Second class citizens
  • No legal/social rights
  • Could not vote
  • Taught to cook,clean,sew,garden
  • Do what your husband says!
indentured servants
Indentured servants
  • Mostly young,white men
  • Only 10% will out live service
  • Life barely better than being a slave
  • If you do become free, than harsh life awaits you on the frontier
  • They will stop coming to new world
  • Decline in indentured servants,increase in need for slaves
  • Indians not good, they know the land, escape easily
  • White colonists see blacks as being inferior, this is how they justify what they do
triangular trade
Triangular trade
  • Rum/goods from colonies to Africa
  • Trade for slaves
  • Slaves to W.Indies-sold for sugar,molasses
  • Sugar,molasses to colonies to make rum
  • This will encompass No./So. Colonies,W.Indies,England Europe Africa
middle passage
Middle passage
  • The trans-Atlantic trip for slaves from Africa
  • Horrible,inhumane
  • Slaves are crammed in small spaces, chained,no air, much disease
  • They could not even starve themselves to death-would be force-fed
africans adapt
Africans adapt
  • Came from all over Africa
  • Bonded with each other to support each other, fight back
  • Kept their culture alive
  • Took care of each others children
  • Customary dance pays tribute to gods and ancestors
stono rebellion
Stono rebellion
  • Slaves are not “passive” in their enslavement
  • They kill planter families
  • Very nearly successful
results of rebellion
Results of rebellion
  • Slave laws become even more strict
  • Slaves will continue to rebel
  • Slaves will take up with natives
  • Marriage between them is common
  • Colonies becoming more and more dependent on slave labor
the commercial north

The commercial north

Diversity is the key to their success

urban based society
Urban-based society
  • Trade,commerce
  • Population concentrated in cities
  • Schools!
  • Very broad based economy
diverse economy
Diverse economy
  • They produce many crops
  • Wheat and corn are mainstays
  • Lumber,fishing
  • Shipbuilding
  • Merchants are a powerful political force
  • Middle colonies will be known as the “breadbasket”
urban life
Urban life
  • Busy ports=growing cities
  • N.Y.,Boston,Philadelphia
  • Phil. Will become 2nd. Largest city in British empire
  • Phil. becomes model for future cities
  • Open public spaces,paved,lighted(oil lamps) streets,grid layout,police patrols
big city drawbacks
Big city drawbacks
  • Over populated
  • Clean water,firewood hard to come by
  • They really did not plan for sewage/garbage issues
  • No public works program
diverse society
Diverse society
  • The north attracts a wide variety of immigrants
  • They come for many reasons
  • They tend to come as families
  • Shockingly,These many ethnic groups do not mix well
northern slavery
Northern slavery
  • Make no mistake,racism,slavery existed in the north
  • Did not flourish because of nature of the economy-very diverse
  • Wheat,corn not as labor intensive as rice,tobacco
  • Slaves did have better status-they could sue/be sued
  • There were rebellions in the north also
women s rights
Women's rights
  • No./So. Agree on this!
  • Second class citizens
  • Few legal rights
  • No voting
  • Only a single woman could own a business
  • Husbands control all aspects of life
salem witch trials
Salem witch trials
  • A perfect storm of women’s rights, religious fanatics, and native relations
  • Poor girls will accuse mostly upper class people of being witches
  • Hysteria spreads
  • Shockingly, only when the governor's wife is accused do they think that maybe this is out of control!
the enlightenment
The enlightenment
  • Post witch trials,people will question religion as sole authority on how the world functions
  • Natural laws, not miracles, or chance dictate the world
  • Political figures conclude that individuals have natural rights- “the pursuit of happiness”
  • Ben Franklin- uses experiments,reasoning, to figure out the processes of nature
the great awakening
The Great Awakening
  • 1691- laws change-Puritans can no longer force their religion on all
  • They begin to lose control
  • There is an increase in desire for personal pleasure/gain
jonathan edwards
Jonathan Edwards
  • He leads the charge to get people back on religious track
  • You need more than church attendance
  • Rededicate yourselves to God
  • Revivals of 1730s-1740s are HUGE
  • Colonists,Indians,Africans come to Christianity for the 1st time
results of the awakening
Results of the Awakening
  • Old established churches are challenged
  • New denominations gain members
  • Great increase in higher education
things to remember
Things to remember
  • Reason/emotion emphasized
  • Individual now important
  • Church no longer sole authority
  • Colonists will question British authority
  • No./So. Are worlds apart in how they view economy/society
  • They do agree on role of women!