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Survey of Romans 9-16 . I. General information. I. General information. N.T. Letters . Romans is one of 21 letters in the N.T. Biography (Mt. – Jn.) History (Acts) Letters (Romans – Jude) (Specific letters Rom. –Heb. – General letters or epistles Js . – Jude) Prophecy (Revelation).

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Survey of Romans 9-16


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n t letters
N.T. Letters

Romans is one of 21 letters in the N.T.

Biography (Mt. – Jn.)

History (Acts)

Letters (Romans – Jude)

(Specific letters Rom. –Heb. – General letters or epistles Js. – Jude)

Prophecy (Revelation)

author
Author

Paul the apostle

Rom. 1:1

to whom written
To whom written

To Christians in Rome – to all Christians for all time

why it was written
Why it was written

To show Jewish and Gentile Christians of their equality in the gospel

“Paul wrote to people ‘in Christ’ and told them how to stay ‘in Christ’ by a lifetime of faithfulness and fervency.” Robert R.Taylor

slide8

To show that, “The gospel of Christ is God’s plan for man’s righteousness.” Roy Deaver

“The theme of Romans is that the gospel is God’s power of salvation to every believer, to the Jew first and also to the Gentile.” Frank Dunn

slide9

This letter was written primarily to instruct the Christians in Rome, but also for the benefit of all the churches. The great theme of the book is set forth in Romans 1:16 " the gospel is the power of God unto Salvation to every one that believeth, to the Jew first and also to the Greek.“ Windell Gann

rom 1 16 17 the theme of romans
Rom. 1:16-17 – The theme of Romans

[16] For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ: for it is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek.

[17] For therein is the righteousness of God revealed from faith to faith: as it is written, The just shall live by faith.

outstanding features of the book adapted from material by frank dunn
Outstanding features of the book(adapted from material by Frank Dunn)

Romans has been called the greatest of Paul’s epistles

Righteousness – stresses being righteous before God in heart and in life

slide12

Justification – stresses forgiveness, freedom from the guilt of sin

Election – God’s choice of those who are in Christ to be saved from sin (God has a plan for mans salvation – when we obey we become a part of the elect)

slide13

Sanctification – Stresses separation from uncleanness unto “the Master’s use”

Set apart to serve God

keys to understanding romans
Keys To Understanding Romans

Righteousness of God – refers to the plan of salvation – to God’s means of making sinners righteous, by forgiveness of sins through the gospel (Rom. 1:16-17)

slide15

God imputes righteousness – God counts one’s obedient faith in Christ as the grounds for forgiveness and the basis of righteousness

slide16

Justification by faith – refers to forgiveness that results from an obedient faith – an obedient faith is the kind of faith that saves – it is not salvation by “faith only”

slide17

Led by the Spirit - The Holy Spirit leads us, saints and sinners alike, only by the word of God (Rom. 8:14)

slide18

“And so shall all Israel be saved” (Rom. 11:26)

This does not mean that all Jews will come to accept Christ or be restored as a world-ruling nation. The adverb “so” denotes the manner or way that the Jews might be saved.

slide19

All Jews who are saved must be saved in the same way that all believing Gentiles are saved – BY OBEYING THE GOSPEL OF CHRIST

God’s plan of salvation is for all men everywhere (Rom. 2:11)

why it was written1
Why it was written

To show Jewish and Gentile Christians of their equality in the gospel

“Paul wrote to people ‘in Christ’ and told them how to stay ‘in Christ’ by a lifetime of faithfulness and fervency.” Robert R.Taylor

slide22

To show that, “The gospel of Christ is God’s plan for man’s righteousness.” Roy Deaver

“The theme of Romans is that the gospel is God’s power of salvation to every believer, to the Jew first and also to the Gentile.” Frank Dunn

rom 1 16 17 the theme of romans1
Rom. 1:16-17 – The theme of Romans

[16] For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ: for it is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek.

[17] For therein is the righteousness of God revealed from faith to faith: as it is written, The just shall live by faith.

outstanding features of the book adapted from material by frank dunn1
Outstanding features of the book(adapted from material by Frank Dunn)

Romans has been called the greatest of Paul’s epistles

Righteousness – stresses being righteous before God in heart and in life

slide25

Justification – stresses forgiveness, freedom from the guilt of sin

Election – God’s choice of those who are in Christ to be saved from sin (God has a plan for mans salvation – when we obey we become a part of the elect)

slide26

Sanctification – Stresses separation from uncleanness unto “the Master’s use”

Set apart to serve God

keys to understanding romans1
Keys To Understanding Romans

Righteousness of God – refers to the plan of salvation – to God’s means of making sinners righteous, by forgiveness of sins through the gospel (Rom. 1:16-17)

slide28

God imputes righteousness – God counts one’s obedient faith in Christ as the grounds for forgiveness and the basis of righteousness

slide29

Justification by faith – refers to forgiveness that results from an obedient faith – an obedient faith is the kind of faith that saves – it is not salvation by “faith only”

slide30

Led by the Spirit - The Holy Spirit leads us, saints and sinners alike, only by the word of God (Rom. 8:14)

slide31

“And so shall all Israel be saved” (Rom. 11:26)

This does not mean that all Jews will come to accept Christ or be restored as a world-ruling nation. The adverb “so” denotes the manner or way that the Jews might be saved.

slide32

All Jews who are saved must be saved in the same way that all believing Gentiles are saved – BY OBEYING THE GOSPEL OF CHRIST

God’s plan of salvation is for all men everywhere (Rom. 2:11)

rom 9
Rom. 9

Israel rejected and the gentiles accepted by God (Israel was responsible for her own rejection)

rom 9 25
Rom. 9:25

[25] As he saith also in Hosea, I will call them my people, which were not my people; and her beloved, which was not beloved.

rom 10
Rom. 10

Savingfaith comes through hearing the word of God

rom 10 17
Rom. 10:17

[17] So then faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the word of God.

rom 10 1 3
Rom. 10:1-3

[1] Brethren, my heart's desire and prayer to God for Israel is, that they might be saved.

[2] For I bear them record that they have a zeal of God, but not according to knowledge.

slide39

[3] For they being ignorant of God's righteousness, and going about to establish their own righteousness, have not submitted themselves unto the righteousness of God.

rom 11
Rom. 11

Why God rejected Israel and accepted the gentiles

rom 11 22
Rom. 11:22

[22] Behold therefore the goodness and severity of God: on them which fell, severity; but toward thee, goodness, if thou continue in his goodness: otherwise thou also shalt be cut off.

rom 12
Rom. 12

Paul’s appeal for holy living

rom 12 21
Rom. 12:21

[21] Be not overcome of evil, but overcome evil with good.

rom 13
Rom. 13

Duties toward civil authorities (Christians are to be law abiding) --- the debt of love

rom 13 1
Rom. 13:1

[1] Let every soul be subject unto the higher powers. For there is no power but of God: the powers that be are ordained of God.

rom 14
Rom. 14

Instructions concerning optional matters

rom 14 11 12
Rom. 14:11-12

[11] For it is written, As I live, saith the Lord, every knee shall bow to me, and every tongue shall confess to God.

[12] So then every one of us shall give account of himself to God.

rom 15
Rom. 15

Mutual concerns --- Paul’s plans for the future

rom 15 1
Rom. 15:1

[1] We then that are strong ought to bear the infirmities of the weak, and not to please ourselves.

rom 16
Rom. 16

Greetings, salutations and closing admonitions

rom 16 17 18
Rom. 16:17-18

[17] Now I beseech you, brethren, mark them which cause divisions and offences contrary to the doctrine which ye have learned; and avoid them.

[18] For they that are such serve not our Lord Jesus Christ, but their own belly; and by good words and fair speeches deceive the hearts of the simple.

conclusion rom 16 16
Conclusion ----- Rom. 16:16

[16] Salute one another with an holy kiss. The churches of Christ salute you