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New Testament Survey: Book of Romans. Paul in Prison. The Author. Paul was the apostle to the Gentiles. Born and educated in Tarsus, capital of Cilicia. Learned the tent-making trade ( Acts 18:3) Paul’s method of writing—logical method of presenting the truth.

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the author
The Author
  • Paul was the apostle to the Gentiles.
  • Born and educated in Tarsus, capital of Cilicia.
  • Learned the tent-making trade(Acts 18:3)
  • Paul’s method of writing—logical method of presenting the truth.
  • Later Jewish education at feet of Gamaliel.
date of writing
Date of Writing
  • In the epistle, Paul was heading toward Jerusalem(15:25-27).
  • Must have been written later than2 Corinthians,since he was ready to depart.
  • Time of writing = spring of 57 or 58 A.D.
  • 2 Corinthians written from Macedonia; then he headed for Greece.
  • After delivering the contribution for the poor saints, he wished to journey to Spain through Rome.
to whom addressed
To Whom Addressed
  • Paul was a special apostle sent to the Gentile nations of the world.
  • Many times, he was hindered from going to Rome(1:13).
  • Rome was the center of the world’s life
  • Paul was vitally interested in preaching to the whole Roman Empire.
  • Wrote to the Christians there in preparation for his intended visit.
origin of the church in rome
Origin of the Church in Rome
  • The origin of the Roman church is unknown.
  • Inconsistent facts concerning Peter being the founder.
  • The Divine record does not indicate that Peter was ever in Rome.
  • Peter’s own epistles were not written or addressed from Rome.
  • In Paul’s letter to the church at Rome, he made no mention of Peter!

Origin of the Church in Rome

  • Paul wrote his epistles from a Roman prison; he did not mention Peter.
  • No mention of Rome in Peter’s own writings, and no other inspired writer mentions a connection between Peter and Rome.
  • Could have been one converted on Pentecost
  • Evidence many Jews lived in Rome.
  • Decree of banishment from Rome by Claudius (Acts 18:1,2)
condition of the church in rome
Condition of the Church in Rome
  • It’s only natural that a church made up of both Jews and Gentiles would experience some strife.
  • A difficult fact that hindered complete reconciliation between the Jews and Gentiles—both were equal in God’s eyes.
  • Paul also wrote to prepare them for the problems caused by the Judaizing teachers who would come their way.
purpose and message
Purpose and Message
  • Depravity into which sin leads those who abandon God.
  • Rejecting God, after having known Him, to walk in the “vanity of their own minds.”
  • Moral destitution of the Gentile nations—”God gave them up!”
    • Romans 1:18-32

Purpose and Message

  • God does not respect any man’s person enough to wink at his sin.
    • Romans 2
  • There is a universal need for salvation.
    • Romans 3:23
  • God’s grace alone was able to provide for salvation, a provision made possible by the blood of Christ, which was offered to all men through the gospel
    • Romans 3:23-26

Purpose and Message

  • Justification is not by the works of the Law; such would make God a respecter of persons
  • Law of Moses not given as plan to make man righteous; it was given to reveal sin. Through knowledge of that fact, they needed a Savior.
    • Romans 3:19,20
  • Justification attained by faith in Christ
    • Romans 3:22

Purpose and Message

  • Jews had failed to attain unto God’s righteousness—they did not seek Him by faith.
    • Romans 9:32
  • Refused to allow the Law to serve the purpose for which it was intended—preparation for Christ
    • Galatians 3:24
  • Developed their own system of righteousness—human traditions
    • Romans 10:1-3

Purpose and Message

  • The national rejection did not doom the individual who was willing to have faith in Christ.
    • Romans 11:26
  • Christianity, as Paul emphasized in this letter, should blot out all national enmity.
  • Bring them to Christ, where they could love one another as brethren and enjoy the fullness of Christian fellowship.
    • Romans 8:1-6
the book s contents and character
The Book’s Contents and Character
  • God’s condemnation rests upon all men because all have sinned.
    • Romans 1:18—3:23
  • God’s way of making men righteous is only through Christ—offered in the gospel—appropriated by man’s faith for all!
    • Romans 3:19—5:21
  • God’s grace offers righteousness to all men on the same conditions.
    • Romans 5:22—8:30

The Book’s Contents and Character

  • Fleshly Israel had a sad plight, but God’s promises were fulfilled through spiritual Israel.
    • Romans 9:13
  • It was God’s will that the Gentiles also receive His mercy and grace.
    • Romans 9:24-26
  • Gentile acceptance had caused a hardening of fleshly Israel.
    • Romans 9:27-33

The Book’s Contents and Character

  • They trusted their own righteousness instead of God’s.
    • Romans 10:1-3
  • Rejected Christ—fulfillment of the Law—continued looking for Messiah who had already come.
    • Romans 10:4-8
  • Now, God’s requirements for salvation were the same for both Jews and Gentiles.
    • Romans 10—12

The Book’s Contents and Character

  • The prophets had prophesied that the gospel would go to the Gentiles for salvation—the Jews rejected that truth!
    • Romans 10:13-21
  • God had not rejected all Israel—only unbelievers and the disobedient who had hardened their hearts
    • Romans 11:1-10
  • Israel’s rejection open the door for the Gentiles—but they were not to gloat.
    • Romans 11:11-23

The Book’s Contents and Character

  • The Jews could claim God’s mercy individually, by turning from unbelief.
    • Romans 11:26-32
  • Sanctification, which comes as a fruit of justification—now living sacrifices
    • Romans 12
  • Importance of subjection to civil authorities
    • Romans 13:1-7

The Book’s Contents and Character

  • God’s moral law was based upon principle—love thy neighbor as thyself.
    • Romans 13:8-14
  • One must not allow his personal liberty to destroy another’s weak faith.
    • Romans 14—15:7
  • Paul’s travel plans, final greetings, and farewell
    • Romans 15:8—16