Dover Castle - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Dover Castle

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  1. Dover Castle A virtual tour

  2. Dover Castle • Through the keyhole • Besiege the castle! • What’s my job?

  3. Dover Castle Through the keyhole

  4. Dover Castle Besiege the Castle!

  5. Mission Impossible! In 1216 Prince Louis of France invaded England. All of south east England fell to his armies, only Dover and Windsor held out. Imagine you are a spy working for the Prince. Disguised as a medieval tradesman you manage to penetrate the Castle’s outer defences. Your mission is to find out how Dover Castle is defended and report back to Prince Louis without being captured by its constable Hubert de Burgh. Good luck!

  6. Colton’s Gateway

  7. Colton’s Gateway

  8. Colton’s Gateway – arrow loop

  9. Palace Gateway

  10. Palace Gateway drawbridge

  11. Palace Gateway drawbridge

  12. Henry II’s Keep

  13. Keep stairs into forebuilding

  14. Entrance to the forebuilding

  15. Wall at the entrance to the forebuilding

  16. Looking down the stairs from the entrance to the forebuilding

  17. Inside the entrance to the forebuilding

  18. Detail of the arch above the lower chapel

  19. Detail of zig-zag stonework inside the chapel

  20. Steps to the drawbridge

  21. Detail of wall alongside the steps

  22. Stairs over drawbridge pit

  23. Top of main staircase looking down into forebuilding

  24. Supports for the drawbridge and slots for the counter-weights

  25. Bottom of the drawbridge pit

  26. Top of the stairs at the entrance to the well room

  27. Well

  28. Inside the well

  29. Lead pipes

  30. The Great Hall

  31. Windows inside the Great Hall

  32. Doorway to spiral staircase

  33. Spiral staircase to the roof

  34. Roof

  35. View from the roof top

  36. Dover Castle Mission completed! Now you have to get out again!

  37. Portcullis

  38. Portcullis

  39. Portcullis groove

  40. Murder holes

  41.  Factoids Draw-bar hole: deep hole cut into the sides (or jambs) of the door into which a stout wooden beam could be thrust to secure the door.

  42. Draw bar slots

  43.  Factoids • Drawbridges were heavy wooden platforms that spanned a pit or moat between the approach and the gateway. They were lifted using winding gear known as ‘a windlass’ or massive counter-weights.

  44.  Factoids Arrow Loops The only holes in the outer walls were arrow loops. They were too small for soldiers to climb through (especially in chain mail). There were three types: the single slit, the cross slit and the gun loop. The cross slit was designed for crossbows.

  45.  Factoids Defending the gateway The gateway would have been defended with a drawbridge and/or a portcullis. Look for grooves in the walls to show where they descended. Inside the gateway, above the heads of the enemy murder holes could be unplugged and stones or hot liquids such as tar poured down on the unfortunate attackers.

  46.  Factoids Henry II’s Keep The keep was begun in 1180 by the king’s architect, Maurice the Engineer. The total cost was £7,000 (nearly ¾ of the king’s annual income!) In 1185 work begun on the walls around the castle. There are two rings of curtain walls and this was the first time such imposing defences had been used in the West.

  47.  Factoids Draw-bars Look out for square shaped holes either side of doorways. This one is at the entrance to the forebuilding and there are more inside the entrance to the keep itself. Graffiti The Keep is covered with Graffiti. Much of it was carved by French prisoners of war when the Keep was used as a prison during the Napoleonic Wars.

  48.  Factoids The forebuilding The forebuilding comprises three massive towers. Inside it used to be open to the sky so the defending soldiers could rain arrows and missiles on their attackers from above.

  49. Plan of the keep at Dover

  50.  Factoids Walls • The massive width of the walls in Dover Castle can be judged by measuring the distance between the inner and outer wall surfaces (or ‘skins’). • The walls at Dover are between 5.2 and 6.4 metres thick!