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Manifest Destiny. Religion and Philosophy. Religious change Mormon Church (1830) Church of Latter Day Saints Joseph Smith Brigham Young. Brigham Young. Founder: -Salt Lake City -University -Leader of LDS. “Balance of Power”. 11 Free/11 Slave States

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Presentation Transcript
religion and philosophy
Religion and Philosophy
  • Religious change
    • Mormon Church (1830)
    • Church of Latter Day Saints
    • Joseph Smith
    • Brigham Young
brigham young
Brigham Young

Founder:

-Salt Lake City

-University

-Leader of LDS

balance of power
“Balance of Power”
  • 11 Free/11 Slave States
    • South desired slavery in new states
    • Feared losing balance and a constitutional amendment outlawing slavery
the missouri compromise 1820
The Missouri Compromise (1820)
  • 2 states enter the union
    • Maine (Free State) and Missouri (Slave State)
    • Maintains Balance of Power
    • No new slave states above Missouri’s southern border
slide7
Sectional Differences Emerge

Missouri Territory applies for statehood

Why is this a problem?

There are an equal number of slave/free states, Missouri would tip the balance

Henry Clay – Missouri

Compromise (1820)

Missouri = slave

Maine = free (split from Massachusetts)

36-30 line: north= free, south = slave

manifest destiny1
Manifest Destiny
  • Belief that America should expand to the West
    • WHY?
      • “Sea to shining sea”
      • Slavery could expand
      • Space for immigrants
      • New Markets
      • Cheap land
slide11
Other Reasons for Westward Expansion:
  • Escape religious persecution
  • Find new markets for trade
  • Claim land for farming, ranching, and mining
  • Locate Pacific harbors
  • Spread American culture and ideals
john o sullivan
John O’ Sullivan

“…(it is) our manifest destiny to overspread the continent allotted by Providence for the free development of our yearly multiplying millions”

the oregon trail
“The Oregon Trail”
  • Up to 1000 settlers (1843)
    • By 1891 more than 400,000 will make the journey
    • 15,000 die (1842-1891)
    • Journey took 4-6 months or longer
    • 2000 miles in distance (St. Louis to Oregon Country)
the gold rush
The “Gold Rush”
  • Gold is discovered in the California territory
  • 49ers
slide16
The California Gold Rush
  • What was it?
  • Mass migration to California after the discovery of gold in 1848
  • Who was involved?
  • “49ers” = Gold Rush miners
  • Where did they come from?
  • Across the US & other Pacific Rim nations (South America, China)
slide17
The California Gold Rush - Effects
  • Conditions of the camps
  • Crowded, poor sanitation, violence
  • Population boom of…
  • San Francisco
  • Groups facing discrimination
  • Indians, Chinese, & Mexicans; taxed, terrorized
slide18
The California Gold Rush - Effects
  • ____________ applies for statehood…
  • California
  • Increases the debate over…
  • Slavery
  • 15 free states, 15 slave
  • Would later lead to the…
  • Civil War