Promoting physical activity among high school learners facing the challenge
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Promoting physical activity among high school learners: facing the challenge. Prof Jose Frantz (PhD) Ms T Pillay (MSc) University of the Western Cape. Content of presentation. Background Health Promoting schools Physical activity and physical education intervention in schools

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Promoting physical activity among high school learners facing the challenge

Promoting physical activity among high school learners: facing the challenge

Prof Jose Frantz (PhD)

Ms T Pillay (MSc)

University of the Western Cape


Content of presentation
Content of presentation facing the challenge

  • Background

    • Health Promoting schools

    • Physical activity and physical education intervention in schools

    • Highlighting the challenges

  • Aim of the study

  • Methodology

  • Results

  • Conclusion


Background
Background facing the challenge

  • A health promoting school is a place where all members of the school community work, learn, live and play together to promote the health and well being of learners, staff, parents and the wider community

  • The HPS concept provides the basis for the spreading of health ideas and practices from the school and the community


Health promoting schools
Health promoting schools facing the challenge

  • Strategies include:

    • Strengthening the ability to advocate improved school health programmes

    • Creating networks and alliances for the development of health promoting schools

    • Strengthening national capacities

    • Research to improve school health programmes


Hps guidelines who 1996
HPS Guidelines (WHO, 1996) facing the challenge

  • School health policies

  • Physical environment of the schools

  • School’s social environment

  • Community relationships

  • Personal health skills

  • Health services


Principles for hps enhps 1997
Principles for HPS (ENHPS, 1997) facing the challenge

  • Democracy

  • Equity

  • Empowerment

  • School environment

  • Curriculum

  • Teacher training

  • Measuring success

  • Collaboration

  • Communities

  • Sustainability


Question
Question???? facing the challenge

  • Are health promoting schools able to meet the challenges of the various stakeholders as it relates to physical activity interventions in schools and the re-introduction of physical education


Physical activity and physical education interventions
Physical activity and physical education interventions facing the challenge

  • Various countries have provided a number of initiatives to provide quality physical education in schools

  • In South Africa history reveals that there is a low institutional priority for physical education in schools

  • This is attributed to :

    • Lack of qualified PE teachers

    • Lack of adequate facilities in most schools

    • Non-examination status of physical education


Challenges facing physical education in sa schools
Challenges facing physical education in SA schools facing the challenge

  • Health Promoting Schools Concept

  • First SA National Risk Behaviour Survey

  • USSASA

  • Prevalence of CDL as it relates to physical inactivity


THUS facing the challenge

  • In order to improve the current situation, the conventional ideas of the school physical education programme needs to be reconsidered and more serious consideration should be given to the prefences and needs of the key stakeholders namely the learners and teachers


Aim of the study
Aim of the Study facing the challenge

  • To determine the views of teachers and learners with regards to the re-introduction of physical education and promotion of physical activity in schools in a local community school


Methods
Methods facing the challenge

  • Participants: high school learners and teachers from a school in a local community in the Western Cape

  • Data collection: Focus groups held separately with learners and teachers

  • Data was analysed into themes looking at barriers as well as recommendations


Results
Results facing the challenge

  • Barrier Themes

    • Lack of time

    • Facilities

    • Resources: staff and equipment

    • Finances

    • Quality of programmes

    • Attitudes

    • Lack of foresight of Dept of Education


Lack of time
Lack of time facing the challenge

  • “School homework and housework takes preference over sport” Female, 16.

  • “ The library at school cannot help with projects and lots of time is spent going to other libraries and thus no time for sport” Male, 15


Attitude
Attitude facing the challenge

  • “My mother shouts at me if I go and play sport when I should rather help her at home with the housework” Female, 15

  • It is safer to go home directly after school than hang around here at school, Female 15


  • Recommendation Themes facing the challenge

    • Dedicated time in school curriculum

    • Qualified teachers

    • Co-operation between schools, community and tertiary institutions

    • Change management

    • Facilities

    • Funding


Dedicated school time
Dedicated school time facing the challenge

  • “ If all physical activities took place during school time more of us would be able to attend”

  • “ PE periods should be longer and have more impact … perhaps more structured”


Change management
Change management facing the challenge

  • Learners

  • Teachers

  • Governing bodies


Change management learners
Change management: learners facing the challenge

  • “ A vacuum exists for many years and it is difficult for learners to just accept that sport is a compulsory aspect of education”


Change management teachers
Change management: teachers facing the challenge

  • “ The rich schools can afford it, they can employ PE teachers. We don’t have the money or the resources.”


Change management governing bodies of schools
Change management: governing bodies of schools facing the challenge

  • “ It is difficult to do sport if the facilities are not there. Priorities from the governing body is still centered around the academic programme with little or not regard for sport. The academic need is just to great”


Conclusion
Conclusion facing the challenge

  • Currently in South Africa, the HPS concept is well supported and a much needed movement

  • As the health promoting schools concept is introduced to more schools the challenges highlighted in the current study needs to be addressed


Acknowledgements
Acknowledgements facing the challenge

  • VLIR

  • Canon Trust

  • Learners and Teachers from the schools


Thank you
Thank you facing the challenge


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