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Name : White Ash (Fraxinus Americana) Type : Hardwood. PowerPoint Presentation
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Name : White Ash (Fraxinus Americana) Type : Hardwood. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Name : White Ash (Fraxinus Americana) Type : Hardwood. Other Names : Also known as American ash, Biltmore ash, and cane ash . Sources : Grows in United States and Canada. Appearance : Generally straight grained with a coarse texture. Pale-brown heartwood and almost white sapwood.

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Name:White Ash (Fraxinus Americana)

Type:Hardwood.

Other Names: Also known as American ash, Biltmore ash, and cane ash.

Sources:Grows in United States and Canada.

Appearance:Generally straight grained with a coarse texture. Pale-brown heartwood and almost white sapwood.

Physical Props:Moderately heavy, hard, strong, and tough with moderately high shock resistance, good dimensional stability, and poor decay resistance. Steam-bends very well and is quite elastic.

Working Props: Machines fairly well with machine tools although turning and mortising properties are marginal. Glues, screws, and nails satisfactorily. Stains and finishes well, although filling may be required.

Uses:Used for furniture, cooperage, baseball bats, boat oars, ladders, chairs, food containers, agricultural implements, tool handles, plywood, and decorative veneer.

White ash

slide2

European Beech

Name:European Beech (Fagus sylvatica)

Type:Hardwood.

Other Names:Also known as English beech, Carpathian beech, Danish beech, and others according to country of origin.

Sources:Grows in Europe and southeast Asia.

Appearance:Generally straight grained with broad rays, and fine, even texture. Pale cream to pinkish brown heartwood that darkens to a pale reddish brown.

Physical Props:Possibly the most popular general purpose furniture wood. Also ideal for food containers, baskets, utensils, and bread/butcher boards because it does not impart taste or odor to food. Also used for chairs, handles, flooring, turned articles, cooperage, musical instruments, clothes pins, workbench tops, tool handles, novelties, core stock and decorative veneers.

Working Props:Machines well but can be difficult to work by hand. Tends to split - pre-drilling recommended for screws and nails. Stains and finishes well. Exceptionally good for steam bending.

Uses:Hard and heavy, with high bending and crushing strength and moderately high stiffness and shock resistance. Poor dimensional stability and decay resistance.

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African Ebony

Name: African Ebony (Diospyrus spp.)

Type: Hardwood.

Other Names: Includes varieties from Nigeria, Ghana, Cameroon, Kribi, Gaboon, Madagascar, and Zaire.

Sources: Used for piano keys, musical instruments, turnery, inlay, novelties, billiard cues, brush backs, and cutlery handles.

Appearance : Very fine texture with an indistinct grain and metallic luster. Uniformly black heartwood and yellowish white sapwood.

Physical Props: Very heavy, hard, strong, and stiff with high shock and decay resistance. Steam-bends reasonably well. Requires pre-drilling to nail or screw.

Working Props: Works with some difficulty - tends to chip and quickly dulls cutting edges. Turns well. Finishes to a naturally dark polished surface.

Uses: Grows primarily in central to southern Africa

slide4

Also there is another kind of the Ebony its name is:

East Indian Ebony

Name:East Indian Ebony (Diospyrus spp.)

Type:Hardwood.

Other Names: Also known as Indian ebony, camagon, golden ebony, and other names such as Macassar ebony according to origin.

Sources:Grows in Sri Lanka and southern India.

Appearance:Straight to irregular grain with a fine, even texture and metallic luster. Heartwood color varies from medium brown to jet black to gray depending on species. Light gray sapwood.

Physical Props:Very heavy, hard, strong, and stiff with high shock and decay resistance. Steam-bends reasonably well but wood is brittle.

Working Props:Works with difficulty due to hardness. - heartwood has severe blunting effect on cutting edges. Requires pre-drilling to nail or screw. Glues satisfactorily and takes an excellent finish.

Uses:Used for luxury furniture, carving, and various turned items including knife and tool handles, billiard cues, and brush backs. Also used for combs, piano keys and other musical instrument parts, inlay, and decorative veneer.

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American Elm

Name: American Elm (Ulmus americana)

Type: Hardwood.

Other Names: Also known as white elm, water elm, soft elm and gray elm

Sources : Grows in eastern half of United States and southern Canada.

Appearance : Used for boxes, baskets, cooperage stays, sporting goods, agricultural implements, furniture (bent parts especially), plywood veneers, flooring, and miscellaneous woodenware.

Physical Props: Moderately heavy and hard, tough, elastic, difficult to split, and wear resistant. Steam-bends very well. Low decay resistance and moderate dimensional stability.

Working Props: Works with some difficulty - tends to dull cutting edges and often produces fuzzy surfaces. Glues, screws and nails satisfactorily. Does not polish easily but otherwise finishes well.

Uses : Straight or interlocked grain with a coarse texture. Light brown to brown heartwood, usually with a reddish tinge, and light-colored sapwood.

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Also there are three another kind of the Elm and its name is:

1.European Elm

Name: European Elm (Ulmus spp.)

Type: Hardwood.

Other Names: Includes English elm, smooth-leaved (French or Flemish) elm, Dutch elm and wych or Scotch elm

Sources: Occurs in temperate regions of Europe and western Asia.

Appearance: Typically cross grained with dull brown heartwood (often with reddish tinge) and pale sapwood.

Physical Props: Moderately heavy and hard with low stiffness, shock resistance and bending strength. Steam-bends very well. Low decay resistance and medium movement in use.

Working Props: Can be difficult to work in that wild grain can tear or cause binding. Glues, screws, nails and finishes satisfactorily.

Uses : Used for flooring, farm implements, chair seats, bent parts, ship building, sports equipment, turned items, cabinets, caskets, decorative veneers, paneling and chopping blocks.

slide7

2.Rock Elm

Name:Rock Elm (Ulmus thomasi)

Type: Hardwood.

Other Names:Also known as hard elm, cork elm and hickory elm.

Sources:Grows in eastern half of United States and southern Canada.

Appearance:Straight or interlocked grain with a coarse texture. Light brown to brown heartwood, usually with a reddish tinge, and light brown to brown sapwood.

Physical Props:Heavy, hard, tough, difficult to split, wear and shock resistant. Low decay resistance and moderate dimensional stability. Steam-bends very well.

Working Props:Works with some difficulty - hardness tends to dull cutting edges. Finishes reasonably well. Glues, screws and nails satisfactorily.

Uses:Uses are similar to those of American and slippery elm but it is better suited to applications requiring hardness and greater strength. This includes farm vehicles, machinery parts, skids, cooperage, wheels and millwork.

slide8

3.Slippery Elm

Name:Slippery Elm (Ulmus rubra)

Type:Hardwood.

Other Names:Also known as red elm, gray elm, soft elm and moose elm.

Sources:Grows in eastern half of United States and southern Canada.

Appearance:Straight or interlocked grain with a coarse texture. Dark reddish brown heartwood, frequently with red shades, and grayish white to light brown sapwood.

Physical Props:Moderately heavy, hard, tough, difficult to split shock and wear resistant. Steam-bends very well.

Working Props:Works with some difficulty - dulls cutting edges, often produces fuzzy surfaces, and wild grain presents problems when planing. Finishes reasonably well.

Uses:Uses include wheel hubs, railroad ties, ship-building, fenceposts, sills, boxes, crates, pallets, cooperage, decorative plywood and veneer, farm vehicles, food containers, baskets, and interior trim. Often sold with American elm as one species.

slide9

African Mahogany

Name:African Mahogany (Khaya spp.)

Type:Hardwood.

Other Names:Also known as akuk, bandoro, benin mahogany, degema, lagos wood, acajou, khaya, Nigerian mahogany, Ivory Coast mahogany, and Gold Coast mahogany.

Sources:Grows throughout West Africa.

Appearance:Interlocked or straight grain, often with a ribbon figure, and a moderately coarse texture. Creamy-white sapwood and reddish brown heartwood, often with a purple cast.

Physical Props:Moderately heavy and hard with medium bending and crushing strength, low stiffness and shock resistance, moderate decay resistance, and good stability in use. Poor steam bending rating.

Generally cheaper and more abundant than American mahogany.

Working Props:Works fairly easily although interlocked, woolly grain can be troublesome. Glues, nails, and screws satisfactorily. Stains and polishes to an excellent finish.

Uses:Used for furniture, cabinetry, high class joinery, interior trim, boat building, vehicle bodies, paneling, plywood, and decorative veneers.

Comments:Generally cheaper and more abundant than American mahogany

slide10

Also there is another kind of the Mahogany its name is:

American Mahogany

Name:American Mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla)

Type:Hardwood.

Other Names: Also known as Honduras mahogany, true mahogany, genuine mahogany, bigleaf mahogany, cao, caoba, cobano, acajou, and aguano.

Sources: Grows from southern Mexico to Brazil

Appearance: Generally straight grained, but sometimes roey, wavy, or curly, with a fine to coarse, uniform texture. Pale pink to dark reddish brown heartwood and yellowish white sapwood.

Physical Props: Variable, but generally moderate weight, hardness, and strength. Low stiffness and shock resistance. Very good stability and decay resistance. Moderate steam bending rating.

Working Props: Excellent working properties, including cutting, turning, shaping, sanding, and gluing. Finishes easily with a variety of finishes, although filling may be required for ultimate smoothness.

Uses: Renowned for high-class cabinetry and furniture. Also used for paneling, turnery, carving, patterns, dies, model making, veneers, flooring, boat building, and musical instruments.

slide11

Teak

Name:Teak (Tectona grandis)

Type:Hardwood.

Other Names:Also known as Burma teak, Rangoon teak, moulmein teak, gia thi, jati sak, kyun, mai sak, rosawa, and many other local names.

Sources:Grows in Indonesia, India, and Central America.

Appearance:Generally straight grained with a coarse, uneven texture, medium luster and an oily feel. Yellow brown to dark golden brown heartwood and grayish or white sapwood.

Physical Props:Moderately hard and heavy, with low stiffness and shock resistance, moderate bending strength, moderate steam bending, and excellent decay resistance and dimensional stability. Good acid resistance.

Working Props:Works reasonbly well with hand or machine tools but silica in wood is tough on cutting edges and machine dust can be an irritant. Good turning and carving properties. Gluing best done on freshly cut surfaces due to oily nature. Pre-drilling recommended for screwing and nailing. Stains and finishes well although natural oils can cause adhesion difficulties.

Uses:Has numerous uses including ship building (especially decks), indoor or outdoor furniture, high class joinery, flooring, paneling, plywood, decorative veneers, turnery, carving, chemical tanks and vats.

slide12

And I am going to present some pattern from all the types I had wrote about them:

This is example outdoors about the harmony between the wood and the glass with some shoring from the layout of the wall

slide13

Also outdoors, it suggest the stately of the wood and the effect of the color, the mahogany color with tactile of the Paige color.

slide14

the insertion of stainless steal between the parts of the wood, it suggest the majesty of this peace