media effects and how to be a critical consumer of media n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Media Effects and How to be a Critical Consumer of Media PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Media Effects and How to be a Critical Consumer of Media

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 13

Media Effects and How to be a Critical Consumer of Media - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 236 Views
  • Uploaded on

Media Effects and How to be a Critical Consumer of Media. SOC 86 – Popular Culture Robert Wonser. Media Effects. Several issues at play: Timing (immediate vs. long term) Duration (temporary vs. permanent) Valence (negative or positive) Change (difference vs. no difference)

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Media Effects and How to be a Critical Consumer of Media' - lacey


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
media effects and how to be a critical consumer of media

Media Effects and How to be a Critical Consumer of Media

SOC 86 – Popular Culture

Robert Wonser

media effects
Media Effects
  • Several issues at play:
    • Timing (immediate vs. long term)
    • Duration (temporary vs. permanent)
    • Valence (negative or positive)
    • Change (difference vs. no difference)
    • Intention (or non-intention)
    • The level of effect (micro vs. macro)
    • Direct (or indirect)
    • Manifestation (observable vs. latent)
media effects a definition
Media Effects: A Definition
  • Therefore, media effects are those things that occur as a result—either in part or in whole—from media influence.
  • Can be individual, like:
    • Cognitive media effect (influences metal processes or outcome)
    • Beliefs (cognitions about the probability that object or event is associated with a given attribute.
    • Attitudes (judgments about something)
    • Affect (the feelings that people experience)
    • Physiological effect (can be pupil dilation, blood pressure, sexual arousal, etc).
    • Behaviors (overt actions of an individual)
media influenced functions
Media Influenced Functions
  • Or, how the media exert an influence. 4 possible ways which span across the 6 possible effects.
  • Acquiring (when individuals take in ‘message elements’; info, facts, tone of voice, pundits attitude, etc. an immediate effect).
  • Triggering (when during a media exposure the media activates something that already exists in the individuals, like a stereotype. Also immediate.).
media influenced functions1
Media Influenced Functions
  • Altering (during an exposure the media can change something that is already present in the individual).
  • Reinforcing (through repeated exposures, the media gradually and continually add greater weight to something already existing in a person, thus making it more fixed and harder to change.
media influence patterns
Media Influence: Patterns
  • At the most fundamental level media exert four patterns of influence:
    • Gradual long-term change
    • Long-term non-change (reinforcement)
    • Immediate shift
    • Short-term fluctuation change
factors of influence
Factors of Influence
  • Factors about the Media Messages:
    • The medium (i.e. print vs. broadcast)
    • Genre (news vs. comedy)
  • Factors about the Audience:
    • Demographics (i.e. gender, age, ethnicity, etc.)
    • Traits (fairly stable psychological characteristics of an individual. E.g. IQ, extroversion, impulsiveness, etc.)
    • States (temporary conditions that an individual experiences. E.g. drive for food, sex, info, entertainment, etc.)
factors of influence1
Factors of Influence
  • Factors About the Exposure Environment:
  • Sociological factors that reveal things like whether people expose themselves to media alone or with others and if they discuss media with others or not. Also, how many TVs in house, where are they located, etc.?

What does the TV placement in a room tell us?

most influential factors
Most Influential Factors
  • Arousing Nature:
    • Arouse us physiologically to get our attention then arouse our cognitive interest to keep our attention.
  • Consequences of Actions:
    • The media tell stories and signal to us what is acceptable behavior or not.
most influential factors1
Most Influential Factors
  • Repetition:
    • Constant reminder over time and defines the status quo. It is easier to go along the torrent than against it. It is like a metronome that hypnotizes us into routines.
  • Point of View:
    • When the media tells its stories it does so from a particular point of view.
    • Who’s point of view is the standard for storytelling in our society?
managing effects on ourselves
Managing Effects on Ourselves
  • Step 1: Increase awareness of your goals
  • Step 2: Think About How You Can Use the Media as You tools
  • Step 3: Monitor Your Media Exposures
  • Step 4: Alter Your Reactions to Messages
      • Be self-reflective and critical as you consume.
  • Step 5: Alter Your Exposure Patterns