Inequalities of Gender & Sexual Orientation Chapter 9. The Problem in Sociological Perspective. Sex is the major sorting device in every society in the world The development of sexism as a social problem (objective & subjective conditions)
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& Sexual Orientation
Sex is the major sorting device in every society in the world
The development of sexism as a social problem (objective & subjective conditions)
Helen Hacker: first to apply the term minority towomen
Sexism: belief that one sex is innately superior to the other and the discrimination that results
Is male dominance universal?
Men’s domination of society has been in continuous existence throughout virtually the entire globe from the earliest times to the present
Most work is Sex-typed: associated with one sex or the other
Universally, men’s activities are always given greater prestige
It is the sex that is associated with the work that provides its prestige, not the work itself
Political and legal
Women’s three major roles—sister/daughter, wife, and mother—fit this pattern of discrimination
Rather than asking what sex or gender is, we should explore what sex and gender do.
Women encounter antagonistic attitudes from men
Masculinity and machismo represent strength while femininity is perceived as weakness
Derogatory feminine terms
Most dismiss remarks as insignificant
Such comments reveal derogatory attitude toward women and things feminine
Jackson Katz “Tough Guise”
Century ago, leading educators claimed that women’s wombs dominated their mental life (p. 293)
Put women at an educational disadvantage
Women studied less than men and did worse overall
Confirm the stereotype that women’s brains weren’t as capable as men’s
In some countries women still overtly discriminated against in education
Target Women: Disney Princesses 11/14/2008
Jean Kilbourne’s, “Still Killing Us 11/14/2008
Softly, v. 4”
Figure 9.2 11/14/2008
Figure 9.3 11/14/2008
Women at Work: historical pattern Therefore, politics is masculine.
Figure 9.6 Therefore, politics is masculine.
Table 9.4a Therefore, politics is masculine.
Table 9.4b Therefore, politics is masculine.
Table 9.4c Therefore, politics is masculine.
Figure 9.7 Therefore, politics is masculine.
“Men’s Hidden Depression” - jokes aside… are stereotypes?)