Europe’s Impact on the New World . . . and what the New World taught Europe.
The Explorers Columbus Wanted to find a short route to Asia. Bumped into the New World by mistake. Hudson Henry Hudson was looking for a northern passage to Asia. Coronado Looking for the 7 cities of gold Marquette French In 1673 He and Louis Jolliet, explored and map the northern portion of the Mississippi River.
Columbus Crosses the Atlantic • The Spanish had three reasons for exploration: • gold • land • religion
This exploration brought about great changes for Europe and the natives. Brainstorm… • What types of changes? • Did the Europeans know what they were doing?
*Colonization – the establishment of distant settlements controlled by the parent country. *The Spanish established settlements or colonies using the following tactics: • superior weaponry • forced labor *Disease ravaged the Native Americans; measles, mumps, chickenpox, small pox and typhus. By 1600, it is estimated that only 1 in 25 native peoples survive the epidemics.
Brainstorm… As a landowner looking to get rich what do you do now?
The Slave Trade Begins As more natives died of disease African slavery became an essential part of the European-American economic system. • “The labor of one …[African]…[is] more valuable than that of four Indians; every effort should be made to bring many…[Africans] from Guinea.” Bartolome De Las Casas
When Europe started to come to the New World they influenced many areas of daily life. • Europeans also learned some new things from the natives. • The exchange of ideas can be broken into 5 areas: • Religion 2. Economics 3. Food 4. Government 5. Social
Brainstorm… • What is the end result of this exploration? • religious? • economic? • food? • government? • social?
Religion Conversion Most explorers wanted to convert the natives to Catholic or Protestant. The natives religion wasn’t understood so it must be wrong. Atahualpa Leader of the Incas. Captured by Pizzaro and held for ransom. He was to be killed but was offered a quick death if he converted to Catholicism.
Economics GOLD Lets face it, the Spanish wanted gold. Treasure ships were built to haul back the loot. England Saw the New World as a giant raw materials location. Trade This was done with the Columbian Exchange. Plants, animals, and diseases.
The development of the new world created profound changes in the new and old world. The exchange of plants, animals and ideas is known as the Columbian Exchange. Americas to Europe, Africa and Asia • Corn • Potato • Pumpkin • Turkey • Cacao Bean Atlantic Ocean • Disease • Livestock • Citrus • Coffee Europe, Africa and Asia to Americas
Food To Europe Beans, Cocoa, Corn, Peanuts, Potatoes, Pumpkins, Squash, Sweet Potatoes, Tobacco, and Tomatoes To New World Bananas, Citrus, Grains, Peaches, Pears, & Sugarcane
Government Matriarchal Women lead the society. This was found among the natives. Why? Iroquois It was made up of the Confederacy Mohawk, Oneida, Cayuga, Onondaga & Seneca nations. This idea was adopted as the first government of the U.S.
Discuss • Why did European explorers believe they could simply claim lands for their home countries, even though these lands were already populated? • What impact did the Columbian Exchange have on people’s lives throughout the world? • Why did Europeans want to colonize the Americas?
Map Activity • Using Page 43, Map the exploration routes for: • Columbus • Hudson • Joliet and Marquette • Magellan • Coronado • Cortez On the Back • Define: Encomienda system, Joint-Stock Companies • Explain the different reasons for colonization • Explain Columbian Exchange and discuss the effects of the European contact in the Americas.