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CRPD's impact on the lives of persons with disabilities in Africa. Charlotte McClain-Nhlapo Senior Operations Officer World Bank . Introduction . Overview of disability in Africa Africa & the negotiations of CRPD Implications of CRPD for Africa . An overview .

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crpd s impact on the lives of persons with disabilities in africa

CRPD's impact on the lives of persons with disabilities in Africa.

Charlotte McClain-Nhlapo

Senior Operations Officer

World Bank

C.V. McClain-Nhlapo

introduction
Introduction
  • Overview of disability in Africa
  • Africa & the negotiations of CRPD
  • Implications of CRPD for Africa

C.V. McClain-Nhlapo

an overview
An overview
  • Every day in Africa, many people are disabled by malnutrition and diseases, environmental hazards, natural disasters, traffic and industrial accidents, civil conflict and war.
  • As a concomitant of improvements in child survival, the numbers of children surviving with disabilities are increasing.
  • As more Africans survive to older age, the numbers of elderly people with disabilities are rising.

C.V. McClain-Nhlapo

people with disabilities in africa
People with disabilities in Africa
  • The African Continent has a large number of persons with disabilities in both urban and rural areas who live in poverty and with very limited basic social services, opportunities and inadequate legal framework to promote and protect their basic rights and needs.

C.V. McClain-Nhlapo

slide6

People with disabilities are Disproportionately Poor

  • Facts:
    • 20-30% of the poor are disabled*
      • Cameroon - 40.2% of the general population is poor while

50.6% of the disabled population is poor*

      • Uganda -22% of the general population is poor while

42% of the disabled population is poor *

      • Poverty is transferred inter-generationally in households with a disabled head**
      • Estimated loss of annual global GDP on account of disability range between $US1.37-1.94 trillion***
  • Reasons:

*Poverty Reduction Strategies: Their Importance For Disability, World Bank, July 7, 2004.

**A Guide to the Analysis of Risk, Vulnerability and Vulnerable Groups, Social Protection Unit, World Bank.

*** R. Metts, Disability Issues , Trends and Recommendations for the World Bank, Social Protection Unit, 2000.

Ill health

Increased health costs due to disability

Inadequate access to health/rehabilitative services

Lack of access to basic necessities

Lack of access to basic education

Lack of employment

C.V. McClain-Nhlapo

exclusion is the norm
Exclusion is the norm
  • The vast majority of Africans with disabilities are excluded from schools, opportunities to work and from political spaces.
  • PRSPs often exclude people with disabilities.
  • The social stigma associated with disability results in marginalization and isolation.
  • Persons with disabilities remain among the most marginalized of all populations and are barred by a wide range of physical, legal and social barriers from achieving their full potential. 

C.V. McClain-Nhlapo

how does african society view disability
How does African society view disability?
  • When a person becomes disabled or a child with a disability is born, the person & family enters a world of stereotyped notions, social exclusion & discrimination.
  • Still remains a stigma.
  • Often influenced by religions which see disability as a curse/ manifestation of sin & disgrace in the family.
  • Charity & pity are common responses.
  • Witchcraft.
  • Reduces the value of the person.

C.V. McClain-Nhlapo

africa and the crpd
Africa and the CRPD
  • July-Aug 2002 – Few African delegates- AHC
  • June 2003 -Played an increasingly active role in the negotiations
      • 7/27 Africa countries - in the WG.
      • DPOs represented by the African Decade Secr.
  • May 2003 -African Regional Consultative Conference Johannesburg, South Africa.
  • August 2006-6 African countries abstained and 16 were absent during the vote.
  • Dec 2006-adoption of the CPRD and the OP.
  • March 2007-Open for ratification.

C.V. McClain-Nhlapo

signed the crpd
ALGERIA

BURKINA FASO

BURUNDI

CAPE VERDE

CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC

CONGO ( Republic of )

CÔTE D'IVOIRE

EGYPT

ETHIOPIA

GABON

GHANA

GUINEA

KENYA

LIBERIA

MALI

MOROCCO

MOZAMBIQUE

NAMIBIA

NIGER

NIGERIA

SENEGAL

SEYCHELLES

SIERRA LEONE

SOUTH AFRICA

SUDAN

TUNISIA

UGANDA

UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA

Signed the CRPD

C.V. McClain-Nhlapo

slide11
CRPD
  • Adopted by the GA ( December 2006)
  • CRPD was one of the fastest treaties ever negotiated at the UN.
  • Full inclusion of disabled people & DPOs

C.V. McClain-Nhlapo

cprd provides
CPRD provides
  • Clear legal framework to ensure effective implementation of the rights of persons with disabilities for State parties.
  • It involves NHRI as well as the civil society participation.
  • It raises awareness on disability, ( stereotypes and prejudices).
  • It establishes a new treaty monitoring mechanism

C.V. McClain-Nhlapo

why is the crpd so important
Why is the CRPD so important?
  • It creates a new binding powerful legal source for better advancement and safeguarding disability rights at all aspects of social life and development.
  • It is a powerful vehicle for bringing social positive changes, progress and development for all persons with disabilities.

C.V. McClain-Nhlapo

implications for africa
Implications for Africa
  • By ratifying, nations "reaffirm that every human being has the inherent right to life and shall take all necessary measures to ensure its effective enjoyment by persons with disabilities on an equal basis with others."
  • Enforcement of the treaty will be largely up to national governments.
  • Need for capacity building of all stakeholders.
  • National and continental challenges of the reconstruction and development of our continent.

C.V. McClain-Nhlapo

nepad 5 strategic levels
NEPAD (5 strategic levels)
  • Development of policies and legislation.
  • Design, development and implementation of programmes and projects
  • Participation in sector and project specific task teams.
  • Development of monitoring indicators and processes showing impact.
  • Participation in the advocacy and lobbying campaigns.

C.V. McClain-Nhlapo

the african decade 2000 2009
The African Decade (2000-2009)
  • July 1999 – African decade proclaimed by the AU assembly of Heads of States
  • July 2000- Declaration adopted by the AU Assembly of Heads of State and Government
  • February 2002 -A Continental Plan of Action for the Decade was drafted in Addis Ababa.
  • July 2002 - adopted by the AU Assembly of Heads of State and Government
  • April 2004- a Secretariat for the Decade was created.

C.V. McClain-Nhlapo

the african decade1999 2009
The African Decade1999–2009
  • The Decade Secretariat is mandated to implement the Continental Plan of Action.
  • The Continental Plan of Action is being actively applied in 9 countries-Ethiopia, Mozambique, Kenya, Rwanda, Senegal, Mali, Mauritania, Burkina Faso and Libya.

C.V. McClain-Nhlapo

disability related legislation
Legislation

Botswana

Ghana

Kenya

Mozambique

Tanzania

South Africa

Uganda

Zimbabwe.

Nigeria is in the process of adopting legislation.

Constitutional provisions

Benin

Burundi

Cote D’Ivoire

Gabon

Gambia

Ghana

Madagascar

Mozambique

Niger

Seychelles

South Africa

Uganda

Disability related legislation.

C.V. McClain-Nhlapo

the role of dpo s
The role of DPO’s
  • Lobby governments effectively.
  • Ensure that govt. engages with donors on disability as a key concern that needs to be mainstreamed in all development projects.
  • Build capacity among all stakeholders.
  • Be part of the national monitoring process.
  • Stay informed and involved.

C.V. McClain-Nhlapo

the african commission on human and peoples rights
The African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights.
  • The Commission has not addressed Disability in any great detail.
  • DPO’s need to seek affiliation to the Commission.
  • Commission has planned to hold a workshop on people with disabilities.

C.V. McClain-Nhlapo

in conclusion
In conclusion
  • Business cannot continue as usual
  • Legal basis to hold states accountable

C.V. McClain-Nhlapo