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COMPLYING WITH THE UN CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES . Outline. Background: CRPD SA’s position Domestic incorporation ‘Compliance’ i.t.o CRPD Mechanisms to ensure compliance Reporting on compliance Key question for this Committee?. Background: CRPD.

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Presentation Transcript
outline
Outline

Background: CRPD

SA’s position

Domestic incorporation

‘Compliance’ i.t.o CRPD

Mechanisms to ensure compliance

Reporting on compliance

Key question for this Committee?

background crpd
Background: CRPD
  • 13 December 2006: CRPD is adopted by the UN General Assembly
  • Negotiating history
  • 3 May 2008: both CRPD and Optional Protocol enter into force
  • State ratifies: Convention legally binding consequences  international law
  • Obligation to submit state report, falls under monitoring body (Committee on Rights of Persons with Disabilities)
south africa s position
South Africa: Ratified both CRPD & Optional Protocol on 30 Nov 2007

For treaty to become legally binding & applicable, states must ratify or accede to CRPD and incorporate it into their national / domestic legal systems

In SA’s case, what does ‘incorporation’ mean?

South Africa’s Position
current relationship between un crpd and sa law
Current relationship between UN CRPD and SA law

Pivotal question: what is legal status within SA law?

How can CRPD effectively be made part of SA national law (and policy)?

Look at Constitution: relationship between international and national law

position of international law and treaties in sa law
Position of international law and treaties in SA law

Constitution (1996):

Section 231(2): ‘An international agreement binds the Republic only after it has been approved by resolution in both the National Assembly and the National Council of Provinces…’

Section 231(4): ‘Any international agreement becomes law in the Republic when it is enacted into law by national legislation; but a self-executing provision of an agreement that has been approved by Parliament is law in the Republic unless it is inconsistent with the Constitution or an Act of Parliament’

national implementation monitoring of crpd art 33
National implementation & monitoring of CRPD (Art 33)

State Parties must establish -

National focal points  implementation

Coordination mechanism: sectors & levels

Independent mechanisms - national institutions for protection and promotion of human rights

Legal & administrative frameworks to promote, protect and monitor implementation

Means to ensure involvement & full participation of civil society – especially NGOs & DPOs - in monitoring process

crpd article 34 committee on rights of persons with disabilities
CRPD Article 34: Committee on Rights of Persons with Disabilities

The Committee reviews and acts on reports submitted by the States Parties on progress made in giving effect to their obligations under the Convention

Optional Protocol: also receives and considers communications from individuals or groups claiming to be victims of a violation by State Party

Primary function of the Committee: cooperate with States Parties by indicating shortcomings, making suggestions and recommendations to enhance capacity implement CRPD nationally

reports by states parties to committee art 35
Reports by States Parties to Committee (Art 35)

State Parties must to submit progress reports to the Committee

First report within two years of ratification

Subsequent reports every four years

Preparation of reports to be done in an open and transparent process

Due consideration to be given to the provisions of Article 4(3) of the Convention: close consultation with and active involvement of persons with disabilities

south african response to articles 4 33 34 and 35 of crpd
South African response to Articles 4, 33, 34 and 35 of CRPD

Article 35 (Reports by States Parties to UN Committee on Rights of Persons with Disabilities):

RSA missed due date for its first report of 30 November 2009

Given extension for its first report (missed)

SA Disability Alliance (SADA) as consultative representative body of SA disability sector for preparing reports (Art 4(3) & 33(3))

‘Shadow reporting’ by civil society DPOs and NGOs –

Umgungundlovo Disability Forum; Article 24 report (?)

[Domestic 15-year review of the White Paper on an Integrated National Disability Strategy (INDS) (1997) (OSDP (2008)]

summary of process
Summary of Process
  • Tiered process:
    • Signature and ratification
    • incorporating / transformational enactment in SA law
    • Implementation and enforcement
    • Monitoring
    • Remedies and redress eg WCFID v Government of SA
key questions this committee
Who is implementing the CRPD? (which dept’s)

How are they doing this (tools)

Mandate

Laws and policies

Budgets

Are they doing it well? (monitoring & evaluation)?

How do we know this? (indicators & sources)

Key questions – This Committee:
thank you
Contact details:

Dr Helene Combrinck

Tel: (021) 959 3298

hcombrinck@uwc.ac.za

Thank you