Connecting persons with disabilities Report of ITU Activities on ICT accessibility Mr. Sakae Okubo, Chairman ITU-T WP 2/16 ISO/IEC JTC 1 Special Working Group on Accessibility (SWG-A) meeting Tokyo, 16-19 June 2008 10 June 2008
Contents • Overview and mandates • Radiocommunication Sector (ITU-T) • Telecommunication Standardization Sector (ITU-T) • JCA-AFH • Development sector (ITU-D) • IGF Dynamic Coalition on A&D
ITU-D ITU-T Assisting implementation and operation of telecommunications in developing countries Telecommunication standardization ofnetwork and service aspects ITU-R Radiocommunicationstandardization and global radio spectrum management ITU Overview ITU 191 Member States +700 Sector Members
Mandates on ICTs for persons with disabilities • Resolution 56 (WTDC-06, Doha) • WSIS Phase 1-Declaration of Principles & Plan of Action (Geneva 2003) • WSIS Phase 2 –Tunis Agenda & Commitment(2005) • UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNGA-06)
ITU-R Bridging the Digital Disability Divide (1/5) • Radio technologiesare increasingly important for sending and receiving data, text, voice and video. Wireless devisesare well placed to help people with disabilities gain access to the information society. • ITU’s Radiocommunication Sector (ITU-R)plays a central role in the development of wireless and broadcasting technologies, through the production of technical standards and reports, guidelines, contained in internationally agreed Recommendations and Handbooks.
ITU-R Bridging the Digital Disability Divide (2/5) Practical examples:Digital television broadcasting • DTTB Handbook “Digital terrestrial television broadcasting in the VHF/UHF bands“provides guidance to engineers on deploying digital terrestrial television broadcasting. It covers aspects of captioning and closed captioning to broadcasters – techniques that are extremely useful for people with hearing difficulties.
ITU-R Bridging the Digital Disability Divide (3/5) Beaming sound to wireless hearing aids • Rec. ITU-R M.1076 “Wireless communication systems for persons with impaired hearing“notes that various ways have been used to transfer speech signals to a listener’s hearing device. Including infrared radiation, magnetic induction internal to current loops, VHF radio, external induction field of a radiating antenna.
ITU-R Bridging the Digital Disability Divide (4/5) Implanted and portable devices Electromagnetic Fields can cause radio frequency interference to active implanted or portable medical devices such as portable monitors, prosthetic aids for sight and motion. Generally speaking, such medical devices could suffer interference from radiated EMF. • Rec. ITU-R BS.1698 ‘Evaluating fields from terrestrial broadcasting transmitting systems operating in any frequency band for assessing exposure to non-ionizing radiation’ provides a basis for the derivation and estimation of the values of electromagnetic radiation (EMR) from a broadcasting station.
ITU-R Bridging the Digital Disability Divide (5/5) ITU-R Activities for 2008 and future: ITU-R Sector is strongly engaged in accessibility studies through Study Groups activities. ITU-R keeps raising the attention of Administrations and Scientific Community to include accessibility studies within their work programmes. For more information please visit our web site:www.itu.int/ITU-R/go/disabilities-divide/ITU-R accessibility e-mail contact: firstname.lastname@example.org
ITU-T accessibility tools • Question 26 of SG16 “Accessibility to Multimedia Systems and Services“ pioneered in the 1990s with Rec. V.18 on a multi-function text telephone • Question 3 of SG2 “Human Factors issues on international telecommunication services” aims at increasing usage and therefore revenues derived from international telecommunications services by improving ease of use and usability • Joint Coordination Activity on Accessibility and Human Factors (JCA-AHF) coordinates related standardization activities and act as a single point of contact within ITU on accessibility matters www.itu.int/itu-t/jca/ahf email@example.com
Recent Standardization Achievements • Telecommunication Accessibility Checklist for standards writers (11/2006) Early use of checklist in standards process ensures usability by users including those with disabilities • F.790 “Telecommunications accessibility guidelines for older persons and persons with disabilities” (01/2007) F.790 provides general guidelines for standardizing, planning, developing, designing and distributing all forms of telecommunications equipment, software and associated services, to enhance their accessibility for users including those with disabilities
Other ITU Accessibility Achievements ITU-T Recommendations • V.18 – Harmonization of text telephony • V.151 – Text relay end-to-end connection of analogue PSTN text telephones over IP • T.140 – General presentation protocol for text conversation • T.134 – Text conversation in the T.120 data conferencing environment • H.323 – Annex G for text conversation in H.323 packet multimedia environment • H.248.2 – Gateway procedures between Text Telephony in PSTN and real-time text in IP H Series Sup.1 - Video communication requirements for sign language and lip reading • E.121 – Pictograms, symbols and icons to assist users of the telephone service • F.910 – Procedures for designing and selecting symbols, pictograms and icons • E.135 – Human factors aspects of public telecommunication terminals for persons with disabilities • E.136 – Specification of a tactile identifier for use with telecommunication cards • E.138 – Human factors aspects of public telephones to improve their usability for older people
Accessibility in IPTV Where accessibility needs impact technological development • Audio description • Subtitles • Captions • Supplementary video • Spoken subtitles • Subtitles to recording • Audio feedback of remote control • Size and colour on subtitles and background
ITU-D Special InitiativesPromoting ICT accessibility for persons with disabilities • An Initiative out of WTDC-06 creating awareness & skills to mainstream disability issues. • Equal opportunities for People with Disabilities (PwDs). • Supporting member states meet obligations under Article 9 of the UN Convention for Rights of Persons with disabilities. BDT & its partners develop tools to assist countries: • Guidelines for policy makers & regulators. • An on-line toolkit for capacity building, a platform to share experiences and best practice. • Supports project implementation for PwDs. In addition, provides training to policy makers, regulators, operators and other stakeholders working to address ICT needs for persons with disabilities.
Future activities • Capacity building on policies & awareness on ICT accessibility issues • Cooperation Agreement-ITU and G3ict for an on-line toolkit • Training policy makers & stakeholders • Platform for best practice & electronic repository of policies on ICT accessibility • Multi-stakeholder initiative-G3ict partners • Projects on accessible ICTs in partnership with member states & others
IGF Dynamic Coalition on Accessibility and Disability activities addressing UN Convention on the rights of persons with disabilities www.itu.int/themes/accessibility/DC Connecting people with disabilities: DCAD
Dynamic Coalition on Accessibility and Disability Aim Result of an ITU initiative within the Internet Governance Forum (IGF), the Dynamic Coalition on Accessibility and Disability will facilitate interaction between relevant bodies and ensure that ICT accessibility is included in the key debates around Internet Governance in order to build a future where all sectors of the global community have equal access to the Information Society.
Current Members Partners: Organizations and Institutions • ITU – International Telecommunication Union • ACMA – Australian Communications and Media Authority • Council of Europe • DAISY Consortium – Digital Accessible Information System Consortium • G3ict – The Global Initiative for Inclusive ICTs • ICDRI – International Center for Disability Resources on the Internet • ISOC-AR – Argentina Chapter of Internet Society • NCC – Nigerian Communications Commission • People Who • UNESCO – United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization • W3C - World Wide Web Consortium Individuals • Clara-Luz Alvarez (Rapporteur Q20, ITU-D Study Group 1) • Frank Mulcahy (Information Officer for Disabled People's International, Europe)
DCAD Work in progress • 3rd IGF Meeting Hyderabad, India, 3-6 December 2008 • The DCAD to organize a workshop: “Including Accessibility and Human Factors in the Universalization of the Internet - How to reach persons with disabilities, the 10% of the next billion“ • will highlight the necessity to make the Internet accessible to all, regardless of individual capabilities of different users. • Will respond to the requirements expressed in line with the WSIS Tunis Agenda related to reducing illiteracy and providing access and accessible content for marginalized and vulnerable groups of society, including older persons and persons with disabilities
ITU Secretariat contacts • Main ITU web page:www.itu.int/accessibility • ITU-D: Asenath MpatwaContact: firstname.lastname@example.org • ITU-T: Stefano PolidoriContact : email@example.com • ITU-R: Grace De Angelis-PetrinContact : firstname.lastname@example.org
JCA-AHF & DCAD • Convener (both JCA-AHF & DCAD): Ms Andrea Saks email@example.com • Secretariat • JCA-AHF: firstname.lastname@example.org • DCAD: email@example.com