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Presentation Transcript
Name ______________________________

Rocking and Rolling

By Phillip Steel



Author’s Purpose

inform persuade entertain

Rocking and Rolling
  • Focus Skills:
  • To use book parts to locate information
  • To read and understand a nonfiction selection
  • To write contractions correctly
  • Genre
  • Expository Nonfiction- explains information and ideas
  • Summary
  • This selection describes the four layers of Earth, and explains how Earth’s plates can shift to cause earthquakes or tsunamis, or push together to form mountains. The selection also explains the role wind and water play in shaping Earth’s features.
  • Reading Strategy
  • Adjust Reading Rate
  • Often, reading complicated passages more slowly will help good readers understand new words and ideas. If they have difficulty locating information in one part of the selection, they can adjust their reading rate and try reading it more slowly.


Color and label the four layers of the earth.

Inner Core yellow

Outer Core orange

Mantle brown

Crust blue

Compare and contrast the inner and outer cores of the earth.

Inner Core

Outer Core



How is the earth’s surface like a puzzle?


Why might scientists study the movements of the earth’s plates?




When an earthquake happens, its force moves in…

one direction all directions

Why do you think the author compares the movement of an earthquake’s force to the movement of ripples on a pond?




What causes a tsunami?


Why is a tsunami more dangerous than an ordinary wave?




What kinds of underground movements form mountains?

Which type of mountain range are the Himalayas?


Why does Mount Everest keep growing?




What might this area look like if the river had flowed for hundreds of thousands more years? How do you know?


Why is erosion still going on today in dry, sandy places like this one?


Where do you think small rocks come from? How do you know?


Think and Respond
  • Will Earth look the same in one million years as it does now? How do you know?
  • ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  • Why is certain information placed in boxes or frames?
  • ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  • How does magma change the shape of the Earth’s surface?
  • ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  • What is one fact you learned from “Rocking and Rolling” that you did not know before?
  • ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Use the graphic organizer to answer the following questions. Highlight the answers on the organizer.
  • What are cracks in the block mountains called?
  • How hot is the center of the earth?
  • The outermost layer of the earth is the crust. What is the next layer called?
  • What can magma be compared to?
  • True or false:
    • a. People have dug to the center of the earth.
    • b. The earth’s plates have drifted apart.
    • c. There are no mountains under the ocean.
    • d. The earth’s crust is made of metal.
  • What is an earthquake caused by?
  • To what can the force of an earthquake be compared?
  • How many earthquakes actually cause damage?
  • What are the three types of mountains?
  • Why will Mount Everest grow taller?
  • To what can the power of wind erosion be compared?
  • Why did the author write this article?
  • Why is there a National Disaster Prevention Day every year in Japan?
  • What occurs when an earthquake happens under land? What occurs when an earthquake happens under water?