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Please do now: . Draw Free body diagram for object A and object B:.

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Please do now:

Draw Free body diagram for object A and object B:

Block A, with a mass of 10 kg, rests on a 30° incline. The coefficient of kinetic friction is 0.20. The attached string is parallel to the incline and passes over a massless, frictionless pulley at the top. Block B, with a mass of 8.0 kg, is attached to the dangling end of the string.

The acceleration of B is:


Even Spiderman has the weight, right?

Pulling him downward.

what propels him upward?

His muscles? Hm…. No!!!!!!

Just imagine Spiderman hanging on a rope.

Can his muscles help him to climb up into the thin air?????

To understand what propels us forward ( or, if someone choses backward) we’ll introduce third Newton’s law and come back to this problem later.



Newton's third law

Whenever object A exerts a force on object B, object B exerts an equal in magnitude and

opposite in direction force on object A.

In every interaction, the forces always occur only in pairs, BUT these forces act on two different bodies.

Common definition:

- to every action there is an equal and opposite reaction

is very dangerous. If one doesn’t define what is action and what is reaction, it sounds as if one is talking about forces acting on one body, but that’s not true.

These forces act on different bodies.


You push the water backward,

the water pushes you forward.


action: tire pushes road

reaction: road pushes tire

action: foot pushes the ground

reaction: the ground pushes the foot that

propels the turtle forward









action: cannon pushes the cannonball

reaction: cannonball pushes the cannon (recoil)

The same force F (opposite direction), BUT





action: earth attracts ball

a = F/m = 9.80 m/s2

reaction: ball attracts earth

aE= F/ME ≈ 0


Koka, the clever horse, taught physics by Mrs. Radja says:

You taught me Newton's third law:

to every action there is an equal and opposite reaction.

  • It says that if I pull on the wagon, the wagon pulls me back. If these two forces are equal and opposite, they will cancel, so that the net force is zero, right?
  • So the wagon can never move! Since it is at rest, it must always remain at rest! Get over here and unhitch me, since I have just proven that Newton's law says that it is impossible for a horse to pull a wagon!


Please help me!

Why don’t action and reaction forces cancel? Should I find myself a less educated horse, or should I teach better?



Only the forces that act on the same object can cancel.

Koka: when the ground pushes forward on the horse harder than the cart pulls backward Koka accelerate forward. (Fnet = F1’ – F2’ > 0)

Cart : accelerates forward when horse force is greater the frictional force

When we want to find acceleration of one body we have to find all forces

acting on thatbody.


Forces between roller-skaters

If one skater pushes another, they both feel a force.

The forces must be equal and opposite, but the acceleration will be different since they have different masses.


The person with a smaller mass will gain the greater velocity.


A roller-skater pushes off from a wall


The force on the girl causes her to accelerate backwards.

The mass of the wall is so large compared to the girl’s mass that the force on it does not effectively cause any acceleration.


It looks unbelievable but it is true.


when they clinch forces are equal – you would expect that

when they clinch forces are equal – would you expect that?


again, the same force but different acceleration

Sudden acceleration can kill


Our organs are not firmly attached to anything.

When head is hit it gains acceleration. But the brain was not hit.

It continues with the same velocity. Skull and brain crash!!!!!


So what propels him upward?

Upward force exerted by the WALL !!!!

Friction force!!!!!


Exit Ticket

How many horizontal forces are acting on the person?

Label them

2. Draw free body diagram for the cart?