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Range of Quitline Practice in North America and Europe. Sharon Cummins, Ph.D., Shu-Hong Zhu, Ph.D., Linda Bailey, JD, MHS, Regina Van der Meer, Ph.D., Sharon Campbell, Ph.D. World Conference on Tobacco Or Health Washington, DC July 12-15, 2006. Quitlines. Common goal
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Range of Quitline Practice in North America and Europe Sharon Cummins, Ph.D., Shu-Hong Zhu, Ph.D., Linda Bailey, JD, MHS, Regina Van der Meer, Ph.D., Sharon Campbell, Ph.D. World Conference on Tobacco Or Health Washington, DC July 12-15, 2006
Quitlines • Common goal • Diversity of practice • Rich source of ideas • Challenge of definition of terms
Quitlines • Telephone-based programs • Evidence-based counseling, recommended in Clinical Practice Guidelines • Efficient—centralized • Convenient • Accessible
Quitline Networks • North American Quitline Consortium (NAQC) and European Network of Quitlines (ENQ) • Share better practices • Establish common language • Collaborate on research • Raise the bar on service to lower smoking and other tobacco use
NAQC 2005 Quitline Survey • One in a series • Fielded—sent to funders • U.S. and Canada in October 2005 • modified survey to European Network of Quitlines in April 2006 • Good participation • US—100% • Canada—90% • EU—almost 90%
Eligibility for Counseling • Restrictions to counseling services • U.S. 61.5% • Canada no restrictions • EU 19.7%
Counseling • Multiple session • Longer first session • Follow up calls after quit date • Topics • Timing of follow up calls
Free Quit Aids • In the U.S. 18 quitlines (32.7%) provide free quit aids • Patch—94.4% • Gum—61.1% • Other—11.1%
Eligibility for Free Quit Aids • Eligibility criteria • Low income/lack of insurance 61% • Enrollment in counseling program 22.2% • Readiness to quit 16.7% • Addiction level 2%
Quitline Budget for Service Fiscal year 2004-2005
Evaluation Pool • Criteria • phone number • Consent • Age • Language • Timing
Evaluation Pool • Service • All • Only counseling • Only X number of sessions • Selection • all callers • convenience sample • random sample –50% of QL who answered
Acknowledgements • NAQC Research and Evaluation work group and survey review team • Quitline administrators and service providers • NAQC staff and funders • Carrie Koon, M.A. and Victor Wong, Ph.D. from the UCSD Research Team • NCI grant #5 P30-CA023100-22