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Life Span
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Life Span

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  1. Life Span Chapter 2: Culture

  2. Culture • Learned patterns of behavior  •  Thinking •  Decisions •  Actions

  3. What is Culture? • Shared • Beliefs • Values • Ideas • Doctrine

  4. Culture • Culture Health Influences

  5. Cultural Awareness

  6. Male / Female roles Values CULTURE Diet Reaction to Stress Reaction to Death Pain perception Child rearing

  7. Is the USA • A melting pot • Salad bowl

  8. Heterogeneous • Consists of many ethnic groups.

  9. Beliefs • Truths held by a culture

  10. Values • Deep feelings that determine what is considered good or bad.

  11. Norms • Society accepted rules

  12. Folkways • Greeting customs

  13. Laws • Written policies enforced by govt.

  14. Mores • Strong moral beliefs

  15. Sanctions • Social remedies for violating any norms

  16. Symbols • Language, gestures, objects used to communicate

  17. Race • Similar physical characteristics

  18. Ethnicity • Shared cultural heritage

  19. Ethnocentric • Belief that your culture is better than another

  20. Stereotyping • Fixed, over generalized belief about a group

  21. Transcultural nursing • Cultural competence • Cultural awareness • Cultural sensitivity

  22. Hispanic • Largest • Fastest growing

  23. Hispanic • Head of the family… • Man • Personal space • Close when talking

  24. Hispanic • Direct eye contact • Avoided • Evil eye • Religion • Strong • Catholic

  25. Hispanic • Health care • Home remedies • Folk healing • Doctor makes decisions

  26. Hispanic • Most common disease • Diabetes • Hypertension • Lactose intolerance

  27. Native Americans • Elders • Respected • Talking loud • Rude • Eye contact • Unacceptable

  28. Native Americans • Respect for • The earth • Child care • Babies touched less

  29. Native Americans • Common diseases • Heart disease • Diabetes • Lactose intolerance

  30. African Americans • Eye contact • Aggressive • Family organization • Matriarchal • Distrust • Health care

  31. African Americans • Common diseases • Hypertension • Cancer • Stroke • Diabetes • Kidney disease • Liver disease

  32. Europeans Americans • Speech • Loud • Eye contact • Essential • Touching • Less accepted

  33. European Americans • Common diseased • Cancer • Leukemia

  34. Asian Americans • Communication • Quiet • Eye contact • Disrespectful • Touch • Only between same gender

  35. Health • Ying / Yang • Common disease • Lactose intolerance • Hypertension • Liver cancer • Stomach cancer

  36. “A group of people who share and are unified by experiences and background based on such factors as socioeconomic status, religion, education and residence.” • Culture • Ethnic group • Ethnocentrism • Prejudice • Race

  37. “Belief that their own cultural group’s beliefs and values are the only acceptable ones” • Culture • Ethnic group • Ethnocentrism • Prejudice • Race

  38. “Is the learned behavior, values, beliefs, norms, and practices shared by a particular group of people that guide their thinking, decisions and actions” • Culture • Ethnic group • Ethnocentrism • Prejudice • Race

  39. “The act or state of holding unreasonable preconceived judgments or convictions.” • Culture • Ethnic group • Ethnocentrism • Prejudice • Race

  40. 5. “To identify differences in physical characteristics, such as skin color, eye shape and bone structure.” • Culture • Ethnic group • Ethnocentrism • Prejudice • Race

  41. Culture / Race / Ethnic group / Prejudice • Culture: • “Is the learned behavior, values, beliefs, norms, and practices shared by a particular group of people that guide their thinking, decisions and actions” • Race: • “To identify differences in physical characteristics, such as skin color, eye shape and bone structure.” • Ethnic group: • “A group of people who share and are unified by experiences and background based on such factors as socioeconomic status, religion, education and residence.” • Prejudice • “The act or state of holding unreasonable preconceived judgments or convictions.” • Ethnocentrism: • “Belief that their own cultural group’s beliefs and values are the only acceptable ones”

  42. Nation of origin: Asian • Communication • National - dialects • Silence / Non-verbal • Space • Non contact • Time • Present

  43. Nation of origin: Asian • Social Orientation • Family: hierarchical • Community > self • Environmental control • Traditional medicine • Biologic Variations • Liver & stomach CA; HTN; lactose intolerance

  44. Nation of origin: African • Communication • Dialects • Space • Close personal space • Time • Present over future

  45. Nation of origin: African • Social Orientation • Many single parents • Large extended family • Church • Environmental control • Traditional medicine • Biologic Variations • Sickle cell anemia; HTN; lactose intolerance, Stomach CA

  46. Nation of origin: European • Communication • National + English • Space • Noncontact; Aloof • Time • Future over present

  47. Nation of origin: European • Social Orientation • Nuclear family • Environmental control • Modern medicine • Biologic Variations • Breast CA; heart disease; Diabetes

  48. Nation of origin: Native American • Communication • Tribal • Silence and body language • Space • VERY important • Time • Present

  49. Nation of origin: Native American • Social Orientation • FAMILY • Respect & traditions • Environmental control • Traditional healing • Biologic Variations • Heart disease, diabetes, Cirrhosis of the liver

  50. Nation of origin: Hispanic • Communication • Spanish/Portuguese • Space • Touch • Time • Present