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Life Span PowerPoint Presentation

Life Span

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Life Span

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  1. Life Span School Age Chapter 9

  2. School Age • AKA: Late childhood • Formal education • Ends with • Puberty

  3. Height & Weight • Height • 2-3 inch / year

  4. Wait a minute! How much do they grow? • Toddlers • 3 inch / year • Preschool • 2 ½ - 3 inch / year • School age • 2 - 3 inch / year

  5. Height & Weight • Height • 2-3 inch / year • Weight • 5 lbs / year

  6. Bone and Muscle Development • Long bone growth  • Stretches • Muscles • Ligaments • “growing pains

  7. Bone and Muscle Development • Long bone growth • Posture changes • Center of gravity moves  • Downward • Pelvis tips backwards • Chest flattens

  8. Bone and Muscle Development • Long Bone growth • Posture changes • Muscle strength • h • Immature  • Injures • Fine & Gross motor skills • h

  9. Sensory Development • Visual maturity • Age 6-7 • Peripheral vision • h • Depth perception • h • Large print • No longer needed • Hand-eye coordination

  10. Teeth • Loss of deciduous teeth • 6-7 • Permanent teeth • Grow in same order as deciduous teeth

  11. Dentition • Dental visits • Q 6 months • Malocclusion • Plaque

  12. Development of the GI System • GI tolerances • h • stomach capacity • h

  13. Development of the Nervous System • Motor skills • Cognitive • Senses mature • Taste • Smell • Touch • Discrimination

  14. Development of the Immune system • Peak antibody levels • Lymph tissue • Tonsils • Adenoids • Enlarged

  15. Vital Signs • Pulse • 90 • Murmurs • 50% • BP • 100/60 • Resp • Alveoli • 20/min

  16. Motor development • Muscle mass • h • Strength • h • Gender Differences

  17. Motor development Boys Girls Balance Coordination Fine motor skills • Stronger • Running • Jumping • Throwing • Endurance

  18. Motor Development: 6-7 • Print • Throw • Catch • Swim • Tie shoes

  19. Motor Development: 7-8 • Smoother • Ball & bat

  20. Motor Development: 8 • Pencil • Print  cursive • Musical instruments • Outgoing • Fearless • Select games based on interests

  21. Motor Development: 9-10 • Sports

  22. Sexual Development • Questions • “The Talk!”

  23. Sexual Development • Questions • “The Talk!” • Relationships • Same gender • Puberty

  24. Psychosocial Development • See themselves as • Producers • Social focus • World • Motivated • Positive reinforcement

  25. Psychosocial Development: 6-7 • Energy • New projects • Short attention span

  26. Psychosocial Development: 9 • Initiate task • Completion

  27. Psychosocial Development: 11 • Delayed gratification • Stanford Marshmallow Test

  28. Relationships: Friends • Numerous • Short duration • Same gender • BFF • Heroes

  29. Family Relationships • Sibling rivalry • Parent affection

  30. Relationships • Privacy • $ • Hygiene • Room organization • Expression of emotions

  31. Discipline • Balance • Limits • Praise / rewards • Chores

  32. How many people own a TV set? • 99% of American households have at least 1 TV • 54% of children have a TV in their room

  33. How much TV to kids watch? • The average American child watched 3-5 hours a day • 28 hours a week

  34. Violent Content • 57% of TV programs contain violence • Children programming contains 5 times more violence than prime time TV • 25% of violent acts involve handguns • Children’s TV shows contain about 20 violent acts each hour

  35. When do kids watch TV the most? • Saturday morning • Before school • After school

  36. Children • Can’t tell what is real from fiction • Lack real life experience • Believe what they see • Are visual learners • Imitate what they see

  37. TV violence misleads • Violence is rewarded • Violence is everywhere • Violence is justified • Violence is funny

  38. $ effects of media violence • Aggressor effect • Victim effect • Bystander effect • Appetite effect

  39. Special Concern • Video games • Computer

  40. Special Concern • “Latchkey” children • Specific place & time • Check in • Teach • Designate • Rehearse • Schedule

  41. School • Kindergarten • Socialization

  42. School • 1st – 4th grade • Following rules • Concentration • Unconditional respect

  43. School • 5th – 8th grade • Independent learning • Judgmental • Teacher i authority

  44. Bullying • School phobia • Somatic conditions

  45. Parental guidelines (9-2) Bullies Victims Coping strategies Enc. verbalization Self-esteem activities Self-esteem activities Praise achievements Avoid intervening • Teach respect • Set clear rules • Teach negotiation • + Example • + Example • Praise + behavior

  46. Cognitive Development • Conservation

  47. Lack of object conservation

  48. Cognitive Development • Reversibility

  49. Cognitive Development • Causation • Cause & effect

  50. Seriation • the ability to sort objects in an order according to size, shape, or any other characteristic.