Topic speaking
Download
1 / 15

Topic: Speaking - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 92 Views
  • Updated On :

Topic: Speaking. General objectives: Students will be able to teach speaking. Students will be able to integrate speaking with listening, reading and writing. Lesson One Communicative Approaches to Speaking Skill Training. Pre-task activities

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Topic: Speaking' - kizzy


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Topic speaking l.jpg
Topic: Speaking

  • General objectives:

  • Students will be able to teach speaking.

  • Students will be able to integrate speaking with listening, reading and writing.


Lesson one communicative approaches to speaking skill training l.jpg
Lesson One Communicative Approaches to Speaking Skill Training

  • Pre-task activities

  • Step One: discuss the characteristics of real-life speaking

  • Step Two: discuss the types of speaking

  • Step Three: predictability and unpredictability

  • Step Four: introduce the concept of genre

  • Step Five: discuss the difficulty of speaking tasks

  • Step Six: tips for speaking task designing

  • While-task activities

  • Step Seven: students giving a lesson of speaking.

  • Post-task activities

  • Step Six: students evaluate the lessons.


Characteristics of real life speaking l.jpg
Characteristics of Real-life Speaking

lSpontaneity

lPurpose and expectation

  • lResponse

  • l Speaker’s adjustment

  • l        Context

  • l Visual clues

  • lShortness

  • lInformal speech

  • Redundancy

  • Noise

  • Colloquial language

  • Auditory character

  • Continuum from relatively predictable

  • to relatively unpredictable .



Predictability and unpredictability l.jpg
Predictability and unpredictability

  • If language were totally predictable communication would be unnecessary If language were totally unpredictable communication could probably not occur. I would like to suggest that most interactions can be placed on a continuum from relatively predictable to relatively unpredictable .


Factors on which predictability depends on l.jpg
Factors on which predictability depends on

  • language itself,

  • the interlocutors and their relationships,

  • the topic of conversation

  • predictable patterns, and the extent to which we are familiar with these patterns.

  • Shared knowledge,

  • cultural expectations,


Slide7 l.jpg

  • Transactional encounters of a fairly restricted kind will usually contain highly predictable patterns, while interpersonal encounters, where the focus is on the maintenance of social relationships rather than the exchange of goods and services , will be less predictable.


The concept of genre l.jpg
The concept of genre will usually contain highly predictable patterns, while interpersonal encounters, where the focus is on the maintenance of social relationships rather than the exchange of goods and services , will be less predictable.

  • The term genre refers to a purposeful socially~constructed. communicative event.


An example of the generic structure of a text l.jpg
An example of the generic structure of a text will usually contain highly predictable patterns, while interpersonal encounters, where the focus is on the maintenance of social relationships rather than the exchange of goods and services , will be less predictable.

  • Introduction Well we had an even better time

    than that last week

  • Orientation We went up to Noosa for the

    weekend and stayed with Mina -

  • Event spent most of the weekend on the

  • beach, of course .

  • Event On Sunday Tony took us out in his boat.

  • Comment Didn't fancy that much.

  • Conclusion Pity it’s such a rotten drive back.


The difficulty of speaking tasks l.jpg
The difficulty of speaking tasks will usually contain highly predictable patterns, while interpersonal encounters, where the focus is on the maintenance of social relationships rather than the exchange of goods and services , will be less predictable.

Degree of difficulty

  • Static task Dynamic task Abstract task

  • e.g.

  • Diagram Car crash Opinion

  • Many elements, relationship, characters, etc.

  • (more difficult)

  • Few elements, relationship, etc.

  • (less difficulty)


Speaking task designing l.jpg
Speaking task designing will usually contain highly predictable patterns, while interpersonal encounters, where the focus is on the maintenance of social relationships rather than the exchange of goods and services , will be less predictable.

  • 1.Pre-set purpose

  • 2. Thought: generalization, exemplification,

  • analysis, synthesis, evaluation, contrast,

  • analogy, comparison, priority, cause, reason,

  • purpose, result, inference, implication,

  • interpretation, summary, amplification, alternativity

  • 3.Result(tangible)

  • 4.Timing

  • 5.Simplicity

  • 6.Interaction

  • 7.Interest

  • 8.At discourse level


Practical examples l.jpg
Practical examples will usually contain highly predictable patterns, while interpersonal encounters, where the focus is on the maintenance of social relationships rather than the exchange of goods and services , will be less predictable.

  • A. Brainstorming activities

  • 1.Guessing games

  • 2.Finding connection

  • 3.Ideas form a central theme

  • 4. Implication and interpretation


Slide13 l.jpg

  • B. will usually contain highly predictable patterns, while interpersonal encounters, where the focus is on the maintenance of social relationships rather than the exchange of goods and services , will be less predictable.Organizing activities

  • 1.Comparing

  • 2.Detecting difference

  • 3.Putting in order

  • 4.Priorities: rating, survival game

  • 5.Choosing candidates: prize-winners, heirs

  • 6.Layout problem


Slide14 l.jpg

  • C will usually contain highly predictable patterns, while interpersonal encounters, where the focus is on the maintenance of social relationships rather than the exchange of goods and services , will be less predictable.. Compound activities

  • 1.Composing letter.

  • 2.Debate

  • 3.Publicity campaigns

  • 4.Surveys

  • 5.Planning projects


Lesson two role play l.jpg
Lesson Two will usually contain highly predictable patterns, while interpersonal encounters, where the focus is on the maintenance of social relationships rather than the exchange of goods and services , will be less predictable.Role play

  • Pre-task activities

  • Step One: discussion on the necessity of more controlled role plays for lower levels

  • Step Two: giving background information to this special kind of cue dialogue

  • While-task activities

  • Step Three: two trainees demonstrate the cue-dialogue in front of the group.

  • Step Four: trainees play roles.

  • Post-task activities

  • Step Six: evaluation:mapping content and procedure


ad