Theoretical Interpretations • Symbolic Interaction Theory • Social Construction Theory • Family Development Theory • Feminist Theory
Symbolic Interaction Theory • is the study of the self-society relationship as a process of symbolic communications between social actors. This is an exchange of gestures that involves the use of symbols. • Based on three assumptions: • 1. Communication occurs through the creation of shared significant symbols, • 2. The self is constructed through communication, and • 3. Social activity becomes possible through the role-taking process.
Social Construction Theory • Truth is relative to function and perception • Participates in PostModern thinking • The self is a product of social processes • Competing truths exist internally and externally of the self, family and marriage
Family Development Theory • Focuses on roles and function • Focuses on how those roles and functions change over time • Focuses on how those roles and functions respond and react to crises • Focuses on the processes of change
Feminist Theory • Theory of power and who holds the power and how that power is achieved. • Gender relationships • Hierarchical structure • Patriarchy • Female defined in relationship to the male • Critique of patriarchal forms of hegemony. • Highlights gender relations and gender inequality as determinant of social interaction and social institutions. • Emphasizes gendered patterns • Argues gendered inequalities are not natural but socially constructed