OPENING Blow the Shofar 1 1 1
OPENING Why do we blow the Shofar? Exodus 19:16 “On the morning of the third day there was thunder and lightning, with a thick cloud over the mountain, and there was the sounding of a very loud SHOFAR blast. Everyone in the camp trembled.” Because this is the way G-D begins sacred assemblies 2 2 2
SHEMA ISRAELHear oh Israel Shema Israel Adoni Elohaynu (Hear oh Israel the L-RD our G-D) Adoni Echad (The L-RD is one) 3 3 3 3
Why do we recite/sing the SHEMA? Because Messiah said it was the greatest Commandment Mark 12:28-29 28 And one of the scribes came, and having heard them reasoning together, and perceiving that He had answered them well, asked Him, “Which is the greatest commandment of all?” 29 And Jesus answered him, “The first of all the commandments is, Hear, O Israel; The Lord our God is one Lord:” 4 4 4 4
He-nay Ma TovBehold how good - Psalm 133:1Am He-Nay Maw tove Behold how good Oo-maw nye—eem And how pleasant it is Shevet aw-heem For brothers to dwell Gum Yaw Hawd In unity 5 5
Hee-nay Aw-nee Ah-doe-niBehold I am The LORDI am the GOD of all flesh D He-nay Aw-nee Ah-doe-ni He-nay Aw-nee Ah-doe-ni El-oh-hay Kohl Bah-sar El-oh-hay Kohl Bah-sar El-oh-hay Kohl Bah-sar He-nay Aw-nee Ah-doe-ni 6 6
AmenCL 3A A-men ….A-men….A-men, A-men, A-men Baw-rouk Ha-Shem, Baw-rouk Ha-Shem, Blessed be the Name, blessed be the Name Baw-rouk Ha-Shem Me-she-ach Blessed be the Name of Messiah 7 7
Thanks be to The LORDCL 2 DC Hallelu hallelu hallelu hallelujah Toe-daw leh-ale (2X) Toe-daw leh-ale hallelujah Toe-daw leh-ale hallelujah Toe-daw leh-ale hallelujah Toe---------daw leh-ale 8 8
O-Seh ShalomCL3 Play Em Em O-seh Shalom Beem rue-mawv Am D7 G Em Who yah-seh Shalom aw-lay-nu Am D7 G V'al kol Yees-raw-ale Em Am Em Bf7 Em B'-eem rue Eem rue Ah- main -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Em Am D7 G Ya-a-seh sha-lom Ya-a-seh sha-lom G Bf7 Em Shalom aw-lay-new V’al kol Yees-raw-ale Sing twice 2X 9 9
Mt Zion on the Sides of the NorthCL3 Em Great is the LORD and greatly to be praised In the city of our GOD In the mountain of His holiness Beautiful for situation The joy of the whole earth Is Mt Zion on the sides of the north The City of the great King (X2)
Amazing GraceCL 2 A Has-doe Nah-tawn Ad Pa-had Lee-bee V’-has-doe Eht Faw-day Heh-eh-veer Mel-lech Hay V’kye-yahm Ah-dohn Oh-lahm V’-has-doe Eht Dar-kee Yah-eer Toe-dah L’Ale
Bring our gifts to the altar We Bring Our Sacrifice With Praise We Bring Our Sacrifice With Praise Unto the House of the LORD (2 X) And we offer unto Him Our sacrifices with thanksgiving And we offer unto Him Our sacrifices with joy
Talmud 101 By Rabbi Stanley
This Class • This class may raise a lot of questions but lets try to keep our questions till after the teaching since we’re recording this for the online Yeshiva.
This Class • You won’t have to take any notes it’s all on paper • We’ll study in this class what the Talmud is. • What it consists of
This Class • How we as Believers in Yeshua should approach it • What we can learn from it that will help us understand the First Century Jew
This Course • And hopefully we’ll glean some wisdom from some of the greatest Rabbinical authors who ever lived.
What is Talmud? • What is the Talmud? • The Talmud is a collection of ancient Jewish writings some of which pre-date Yeshua. • The Orthodox Jews believe it goes clear back to Moses, we’ll discuss in this class why they believe that • Some small parts may go back that far but not much.
What is Talmud? • It’s made up of two major components, the Mishna and the Gemara. • The Mishna can be identified as that entire part of the Talmud or the word Mishna can be used to refer to any code/ruling in the Mishna part of the Talmud
Mishna • The Mishna is often referred to today as the “Oral Law”. • But the truth is it was not designed to be law. • The ancient Rabbis saw it as a collection of rulings that were not binding except for some of the civil laws.
Mishna • But the Orthodox and the Ultra Orthodox (Chasideem) Jews believe it IS binding. They believe it is LAW. • Why do they believe that? • Because it says in Exodus that G-d gave Moses the “Law and the Commandments” (Mitzvoth).
Mishna • Now when we hear the “Law and the Commandments” we think of it as one and the same • But the Orthodox and the Ultra Orthodox see it as two different things. 1 Law Commandments (Torah)
Mishna • They believe that the Law in this passage is the Torah but the Commandments are something separate. • They think it’s the Oral Law. 1 Law (Torah) 2 Commandments (Mishna)
Mishna • Now, it’s called the Oral Law because it wasn’t written down for many years but was memorized and passed down from generation to generation. (Thus the word Mishna = repetitions)
Mishna • These sages who had memorized all this were sometimes called Tzana dimle safer • (a basket full of books)
Mishna • Yeshua called the Mishna, “The traditions of the Elders” • Not all traditions are bad. • Yeshua observed many traditions in His practice of faith.
Mishna • He came up to read from the Scripture (Luke 4:16-22) • He observed Chanukah (John 10:22). • He expounded upon Scripture as did the rabbis of His day.
Mishna • He did not condemn all traditions. • But I hear that from Christian theologians all the time. • But what they’re really saying is, “Jewish traditions” are man made traditions… not their traditions! • Anyway, Yeshua condemned only those that made God’s word void or came from Pagan origin
Mishna • Paul said in (2Th 2:15) Therefore, brethren, stand fast, and hold the traditions which ye have been taught, whether by word, or our epistle.
Mishna • We have traditions today like the 4th of July. It’s not Biblical but it’s not a bad tradition. (Canada day is a good tradition). • As long as it doesn’t replace G-d’s appointed times or Feasts or disagree with Biblical principles, then it is ok.
Mishna • Christianity has traditions that violate God’s commandments. • The Church violates the Sabbath by their own traditional Sabbath (Sunday). A Sunday Sabbath is not commanded; the seventh-day Sabbath is.
Mishna • Instead of Passover, the Church observes Easter (Ishtar), a pagan tradition – not a commandment.
Mishna • The Church does not observe the Feast of Trumpets, the Day of Atonement, or the Feast of Tabernacles – all Biblically commanded holy days. Instead, they observe Lent, All Saints Day, and Christmas – none of these days are Biblical – they are all traditional, man-made “holy” days.
Mishna • So what are these Jewish traditions in the Mishna? • The Rabbis called these traditions “fences”. • The Mishna is made up of various fences around Torah. • What kind of fences? • For example:
Mishna • The Torah tells us not to work on the Sabbath. • It doesn’t give us a lot of details though on what exactly is considered work • So the Rabbis put up a fence. They wrote a Mishna.
Mishna • Various Rabbinical scholars got together at various times and discussed what exactly constitutes work. • The Rabbis had been asked these questions by their flock and they needed an answer!
Mishna • Christians did the same thing, the Church Fathers wrote volumes of books explaining the Bible. But the writings of the Jews??? Those were thrown out! • However, 2000 years later, Christians are beginning to see the value of Jewish writings.
Mishna • For Example: Dr. David Bivin • David Bivin, a Gentile Believer in Yeshua is director and owner of the Jerusalem Perspective, a unique, Jerusalem-based work. David is a member of the Jerusalem School of Synoptic Research, a think tank made up of Jewish and Christian scholars dedicated to better understanding the Synoptic Gospels (Matthew, Mark and Luke) from a Hebraic viewpoint
Mishna • He is also the author of Understanding The Difficult Words Of Jesus” • David Bivin says of the Mishna • “Yeshua apparently attached great importance to the Mishna and it seems he considered it to be authoritative.”
Gemara • Now the second part of the Talmud is the Gemara
Gemara • The Gemara is a commentary on the Mishna • It dates long after Yeshua' s time. • Why does it matter when the Mishna and Gemara are dated?
Gemara • Because Yeshua said, “Do as the Pharisees say.” • The Pharisees followed the Mishna. Not as it is today but parts of it do date to when Yeshua said these words. • So we need to know what was in the Mishna in the first century. • Not so much with the Gemara
Gemara • The Gemara isn’t as valuable to us as Believers but it still has value. • From the Gemara we learn about the Jewish community through the centuries • We learn about persecutions and trials that we had not known about otherwise • We also find holes in it’s theology that we can use for Jewish evangelism
Gemara • If you’re sharing with an orthodox Jewish friend (who believes that the Talmud is binding) you could point out to him that Akiva said you could mix meat with milk. • There’s also some great stories in the Gemara that help expound Biblical principles, better then any 3-5 point sermon I’ve heard from Preachers.
What we as Believers can learn from Talmud • As we know Yeshua called the Mishna “the traditions of the Elders” and He endorsed it. • But what can we learn from it today?
What we as Believers can learn from Talmud • the Talmud undoubtedly contains many of the teachings and discussions about the meaning of Scripture that were prevalent at the time of Yeshua.
What we as Believers can learn from Talmud • We find many of the debates between Hillel and Shammai (two of the larger schools of thought in Israel) in the first century. • Hillel was more liberal and Shammai was more strict.
What we as Believers can learn from Talmud • Yeshua takes stands that sometimes agree with one and sometimes the other. For example, in Matthew chapter 19 when Yeshua is asked about divorce.
What we as Believers can learn from Talmud • No doubt his listeners were eager to see if He sided with the more liberal school of Hillel, who allowed divorce for many reasons, or with the more conservative Shammai, who was very restrictive on the subject. Here Yeshua comes closer to the school of Shammai in His answer.