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Opening. What are “environmental issues ?” Are there any that affect you and your family?. SS6G9 The student will discuss environmental issues in Europe.

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  1. Opening • What are “environmental issues?” • Are there any that affect you and your family?

  2. SS6G9The student will discuss environmental issues in Europe a. Explain the major concerns of Europeans regarding the issues such as acid rain in Germany, air pollution in the United Kingdom, and the nuclear disaster in Chernobyl, Ukraine.

  3. Learning Target • I will be able to explain the impact of smog on the economy and population of the United Kingdom.

  4. Under the LT, make this chart.SMOG in U.K.

  5. Smog in the UK: SS6G9 • What Causes Smog? (3 min) news report on Youtube: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JVcFps_gWpk • 13 min Documentary on YouTube: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vkx-2mT1-q4 • Primary Source Pictures (use OPTICS to analyze): http://www.theguardian.com/environment/gallery/2012/dec/05/60-years-great-smog-london-in-pictures

  6. Air Pollution in the United Kingdom • What are the primary causes of air pollution in the U.K.? Power stations Vehicle emissions Bad coal • What effects does air pollution have on the environment of the U.K. and that of neighboring countries? Damage to vegetation Pollutes the atmosphere Harm to humans

  7. Examples of Air Pollution in the U.K.

  8. Air Pollution in the U.K. • How are acid rain and air pollution related? Air pollution rises into the air and returns as acid rain in the form of precipitation or a “dry fall”. Air pollution is carried from the U.K. to other countries by air currents resulting in acid rain in those countries as well.

  9. Effects of Air Pollution on Europe Today • Money has to be spent on improving public transportation to reduce number of vehicles on road therefore reducing emissions… Public Transportation = $$$ • Damage to fish stocks and forests have great economic impact to local economy and international trade. • Damage to buildings resulting in money having to be spent to renovate = $$$ spent on repairs

  10. Brainstorm Don’t write anything down yet! Talk with your neighbor about possible solutions…

  11. Europe’s Environmental Issues: SS6G9

  12. Ticket out the door!!!! • In your own words, you need to explain the IMPACT of smog on the UK’s population, environment, and economy.

  13. Opening:Write a caption that explains each of these pictures (separately). Write what YOU THINK is happening here & why. 1 2

  14. Learning Target • I will be able to explain the impact of acid rain on the economy, environment, and population of Germany.

  15. SS6G9: Acid Rain in Germany • Video explaining how air pollution creates acid rain: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m2ryRDgCgCs • How does Acid Rain affect plants? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RValqMHlmsg • Informative Websites on Acid Rain • Generally with diagrams and reasons: http://ga.water.usgs.gov/edu/acidrain.html • in Germany: http://acidraingermany.webs.com/ • Prezi on Acid Rain in Germany: http://prezi.com/d2dt9779sjbx/acid-rain-in-germany/

  16. Acid Rain in Germany • What causes acid rain? Acid rain occurs when factories’ smoke or vehicles’ exhaust containing sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides go up into the atmosphere and comes back down to earth in the form of harmful precipitation (rain, snow, etc.) Dry deposits also fall from the sky when there is no precipitation.

  17. Illustration of how acid rain occurs

  18. Effects of Acid Rain • What effects does acid rain have on the environmentof Germany and that of neighboring countries? • Damage to vegetation • Damage to lakes, rivers and streams • Contamination of drinking water • Damage to buildings and monuments Sulfur deposits from acid rain are carried through the air causing acid rain in other countries in Europe.

  19. Effect on Humans? • Just read... No notes yet!

  20. Damage Due to Acid Rain

  21. How does ACID RAIN affect the economy of Europe TODAY? • Damage to fish stocks and forests have great economic impact to local economy and international trade. • Damage to buildings resulting in money having to be spent to renovate. • Closure of many factories resulting in lost wages. All of these “fixes” cost money!!

  22. What can be done about air pollution? • Use of cleaner fuels, emission controls and advanced engine technologies. • European Union members have agreed to the Kyoto Protocol, or reduce emissions of greenhouse gasses • Find alternative energy sources • Conserve resources

  23. Europe’s Environmental Issues: SS6G9

  24. Reflection • On the next blank page, create a warning poster/cartoon warning residents in Germany or UK of the dangers of smog or acid rain.

  25. Opening: Sit quietly and turn to next blank page. Examine the line graph. What do you notice about the levels of smoke, sulfur dioxide, and the deaths of people in the UK?

  26. Learning Target • I will be able to construct a paragraph about the Great Smog in the UK.

  27. Before Reading a Nonfiction Article • Place boxes around the title and subtitles. • Number the paragraphs. (11 of them) How will this help you?

  28. “The Great Smog of 1952” • Circle key terms (vocabulary). • Underline causes of the smog. • HIGHLIGHT the effects of the Smog.

  29. Bubble Map

  30. For a Grade • Using ONLY the information put on your bubble maps, write a chunked paragraph about how the smog impacted the United Kingdom. • But I have a surprise about the writing! Guess what it is?

  31. How did the smog affect the UK? Chunk Paragraph Sentence #1: TS = Topic Sentence • Tells what your paragraph is about • Responds directly to the prompt in your own words Sentence #2: CD = Concrete Detail • Provides an example from text to support your main idea • “For example…” Sentence #3 and #4: CM = Commentary Sentences • “This shows that…” or “This is important because…” • Thoughts about your Concrete Detail in your own words Sentence #5: CS = Concluding Sentence • “As a result” or “Further more” • Wraps up your paragraph • The last sentence in a body paragraph • ALL Commentary. No new information or facts

  32. Opening: Answer these ?s in complete sentences : • Notice the geography locations of Germany & the UK; as well as the wind currents between them… How does Air Pollution in one place create Acid Rain in another? • Would it be fair to blame the people of the UK for the effects from the Acid Rain that Germany has? Why, or why not? • Would it be reasonable to charge those people of the UK renovation taxes ($$)? Why, or why not?

  33. Nuclear power is ______. Chernobyl Nuclear DisasterApril 26, 1986

  34. A Cleaner Energy Source… • Nuclear power, or nuclear energy, is the use of exothermic nuclear processes, to generate useful heat and electricity • These plants were created as a way of eliminating the use of fossil fuels to cut down on pollution. • It is a cheaper and cleaner method … as long as everything works correctly…

  35. Chernobyl • Chernobyl is a city in Ukraine, and on April 26, 1986, the nuclear power plant outside of this town had the worst nuclear disasters in history. • An explosion occurred when scientists were doing an experiment. • The explosion released radioactive material into the atmosphere. • The release of this material resulted in long term environmental consequences in Ukraine and other countries across Europe.

  36. Chernobyl

  37. Media & Videos • What Really Happened: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BfKm0XXfiis • 10 Interesting Facts: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eWwhRjGBNb4 • Radiation Animation: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_USpAPkAd5A • Websites: • http://www.paperlessarchives.com/chernobyl_nuclear_accident_doc.html • http://www.wagingpeace.org/menu/action/urgent-actions/chernobyl/

  38. Radiation Plume from Explosion

  39. How Radioactive Materials Spread Through the Atmosphere

  40. General Map of Chernobyl Fallout Throughout Europe

  41. 1996

  42. Do O.P.T.I.C. on this picture:

  43. Chernobyl Disaster, cont. • Most deaths were attributed to nuclear fallout which was more than 400 times more than the amount of nuclear fallout caused by the bomb over Hiroshima. • Evacuation and resettlement of over 360,000 people… didn’t start until 3rd day after explosion! • The Soviet Union tried to cover up the critical nature of the accident. • Firefighters did not know that the fire they were fighting contained deadly amounts of radiation poison. • Most of these men diedwithin 3 months after the accident.

  44. Chernobyl Disaster, cont. • The residents of the city of Pripyat, where the reactor was located, were told that the evacuation would only be temporary. To this day there are still personal belongings in homes in the city. • Radioactive fallout experienced as “pieces” on peoples clothes all over Europe. • By December, 1986, a huge concrete dome had been constructed to entomb the reactor.

  45. Effects of Chernobyl Disaster • 31 people reportedly died from radiation sickness or burns • More than 200 others were seriously injured • Fallout(radioactive material) from the accident caused a number of health and environmental problems • Increased rate of cancer, skin diseases, respiratory ailments, and heart problems

  46. How do these major environmental issues effect the economies and population of Europe TODAY? • People don’t really know how much damage was done. • Agriculture in other parts of Europe suffered. • Affected land useless in the Soviet Union. • Payments to victims • Loss of jobs due to closed reactors • High medical costs.

  47. What were the consequences of the disaster? • Evacuation • Land Contamination • Economic impact on East and North European farmers • Heath issues- cancer, birth defects, death • Did not effect just Chernobyl, but spread to surrounding countries by air currents. • This disaster still effects people and land TODAY. • This nuclear disaster was the worst in history. Health Effects Video (4 min) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bPs2GSgeV6I

  48. Europe’s Environmental Issues: SS6G9

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