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副詞子句

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副詞子句. By Dr. Tracy Shih. 副詞子句. When we were in Kaohsiung , we went to several night markets. We went to several night markets when we were in Kaosiung . when we were in Kaohsiung 是副詞子句,當副詞子句在主要子句之前,用逗號分隔兩個子句。若副詞子句在主要子句之後,則通常不用逗號。. 引導副詞子句的詞語一覽表. 時間. 引導副詞子句的詞語一覽表.

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副詞子句

By Dr. Tracy Shih

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副詞子句
  • When we were in Kaohsiung, we went to several night markets.
  • We went to several night markets when we were in Kaosiung.

when we were in Kaohsiung是副詞子句,當副詞子句在主要子句之前,用逗號分隔兩個子句。若副詞子句在主要子句之後,則通常不用逗號。

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引導副詞子句的詞語一覽表
  • 因果 because, now that, since
  • 對比 even though, although, though
  • 直接對比 while, whereas
  • 條件 if, unless, only if, whether or not, even if, in case, in the event that
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用副詞子句表示因果關係

*because

Because he was sleepy, he went to bed.

=He went to bed because he was sleepy.

*now that=because now表示現在及未來情況的原因

Now that the semester is over, I’m going to take a trip.

John lost his job. Now that he’s unemployed, he can’t pay his bills.

*since

Since Wednesday is a holiday, we don’t have to go to work.

Since you are a good cook and I’m not, you should cook the dinner.

even though
表示對比(意外的結果):用even though
  • Because the weather was cold, I didn’t go swimming.

(because 表預期中的結果 )

2. Even though the weather was cold, I went swimming.

(even though表意外的結果 )

3. Because I wasn’t tired, I didn’t go to bed.

4. Even though I wasn’t tired, I went to bed.

while whereas
表示直接對比: While 及 Whereas
  • Jane is rich, while John is poor.
  • John is poor, while Jane is rich.
  • Jane is rich, whereas John is poor.
  • Whereas Jane is rich, John is poor.
  • while及 whereas用以表示直接對應,這個正好是那個的相反。
  • whereas用於正式的書寫英語中
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副詞子句表示條件: if子句
  • 1. If it rains, the streets get wet.

If 子句提出可能的條件,主要子句表示結果。

  • 2. If it rains, I will take my umbrella.
  • 儘管if子句的動詞表示未來的事件或情況,if子句要用現在式而非未來式。
whether or not even if
條件副詞子句:用whether or not 及even if
  • I’m going to go swimming tomorrow whether or not it is cold.

2. I have decided to go swimming. Even if the weather is cold, I’m going to go swimming

in case in the event that
條件副詞子句:用in case 及in the event that
  • 1. I’ll be at my uncle’s house in case you need to reach me.
  • 2. In the event that you need to reach me, I’ll be at my uncle’s house.

in case/ in the event that 表示”萬一出現這種情況”

unless
條件副詞子句:用unless
  • I’ll go swimming tomorrow unless it’s cold.
  • I’ll go swimming tomorrow if it isn’t cold.
  • unless=if…. not 除非
only if
條件副詞子句:用only if
  • The picnic will be canceled only if it rains.

(only if 表示只有一種條件會造成某個特定的結果.)

= Only if it rains will the picnic be canceled.

如果 only if在句首主要子句的主詞與動詞要倒裝.