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Vocabulary. Unit 3 Crimes and Civil Wrongs ( Tort ). tort / tɔːt /. W rongful act or an infringement of a right, leading to legal liability. Agravio , falta Wrong. crime / krʌɪm / .

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Unit 3

Crimes and Civil Wrongs (Tort)

tort t t
  • Wrongful act or an infringement of a right, leading to legal liability.
  • Agravio, falta
  • Wrong
crime kr m
  • An action which constitutes a serious offence against an individual or the state and is punishable by law.
  • Delito
assault s lt
  • A violent attack.
  • Agresión
  • Law an act that threatens physical harm to a person, whether or not actual harm is done.
  • Attack, mugging; assault and battery (con lesiones)
battery batri
  • Law the infliction of unlawful personal violence on another person, even where the contact does no physical harm.
  • Lesiones, agresión
  • Battery is a criminaloffense
negligence ne l ns
  • Failure to take proper care over something.
  • Law breach of a duty of care which results in damage.
  • Negligencia, descuido
  • Malpractice.
defamation def me n
defamation [defə'meɪʃən]
  • Types:
    • Written: Libel
    • Notwritten: Slander
  • Shesuedthemfordefamation, les demandó por difamación.
    • defame/dɪˈfeɪm/ ▶damage the good reputation of.
trespass tresp s
  • Law entry to a person's land or property without their permission.
  • Allanamiento de morada
  • Theywere ~ingon my land
    • Estaban entrado en mi propiedad sin autorización;
  • (onsigns) No trespassing
    • prohibido el paso, propiedad privada
nuisance nju sns
  • a person or thing causing inconvenience or annoyance.
  • Law an act which is harmful or offensive to the public or a member of it and for which there is a legal remedy.
  • Molestias
  • Synonyms:
    • annoyance
    • Vexation
deception d sep n
  • the action of deceiving.
  • To deceive: mentir
fraud fr d
fraud /frɔːd/ 
  • Wrongful or criminal deception intended to result in financial or personal gain.
  • fraude, estafa
  • Theprisonercommittedfraud
theft eft
theft /θeft/
  •   the action or crime of stealingrobom;
  • there have been several cases of ~
    •  ha habidovariosrobos

-Término general-

burglary b l ri
  • Robo (en casa) vs Robbery (at a bank)
  • Illegal entry into a building with intent to commit a crime such as theft.
  • -Término específico-
other important expressions
  • Tosuesbforsth: demandar a alguien
  • Topleadguilty: declararse culpable
  • A fine: una multa
    • “Police can issue fines forminoroffences”
        • La policia puede emitir multas.
types of tort page 23
Types of Tort (page 23)
  • Neglicence:

theownwers of thebusinessmightbe in breachof a duty of caretotheiremployees.

In breachof safety regulations

  • Battery:

Thepersonpunchingmayalsobechargedwith(ser acusado de)a criminal act (because of physicalharm)


3. Trespasstoproperty:

Itisnotgenerallya crime so theintruderscannotbeprosecuted.

Thedefencecouldbethatthereis a right of way(derecho de paso) acrosstheland.

4. Defamation (libel):

Thefootball manager can suethenewspaper.

Thenewspaper’sdefencecouldbethatthestoryis true orthatitis in thepublicinteresttoreportit.


5. Theft:

Provided(= if) thereisanintentiontopermanentlydeprivetheowner.

6. Homicide:

Thiscouldbemurder(asesinato)ormanslaughter(homicidio), dependingonthefacts of the case and thedefence of it.


7. Burglary:

Thisiswherethesuspectenters a buildingwiththeintention of committing a theft

Synonyms: Breakinginto.