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  1. The World as it is Today Gandhi, Mandela, Ataturk, Etc.

  2. Agenda: Check Terms  Prayer  GAME 1  Gandhi Page 2  Start Gandhi? May 6, 2014 GAME ONE IS NOW

  3. Agenda: Check Terms  Prayer  GAME 1  Gandhi Page 2  Start Gandhi? May 6, 2014 GAME ONE IS OVER PAGES 865-867

  4. Causes • Amritsar Massacre • Promised home-rule never fulfilled

  5. May 7, 2015 Agenda: Pray  Drill  Finish Gandhi Overview  Start Watching Gandhi until 7 minutes left in class then we will do a game. • Drill • What could the government tax of yours to REALLY make some money and oppress you? • Actually think of one, don’t wait for my answer, God gave you a brain, use it

  6. Protest WHO? Mahatma Mohandas Gandhi • Amritsar • Boycotts • Salt March • Civil Disobedience • Hunger Strikes • Made his own clothes • Burning government documents

  7. Why do Gandhi's tactics earn him world wide support • Well, why?

  8. The Three at the bottom

  9. May 8th - Draft Day Agenda: Pray  Drill  Gandhi talk  Gandhi Watch  Game 3 Drill(sort of) Which statement best reflects a belief of Mohandas Gandhi? 1. Muslims and Hindus must be separated if true peace is to come to India  2. India must adopt the British factory system  3. The caste system must remain an important cornerstone of Hindu society  4. India must achieve independence, but not at the expense of further dividing the Indian people 

  10. May 8th - Draft Day Agenda: Pray  Drill  Gandhi talk  Gandhi Watch  Game 3 Drill(sort of) Which statement best reflects a belief of Mohandas Gandhi?1. Muslims and Hindus must be separated if true peace is to come to India  2. India must adopt the British factory system  3. The caste system must remain an important cornerstone of Hindu society  4. India must achieve independence, but not at the expense of further dividing the Indian people 

  11. May 8th - Draft Day Agenda: Pray  Drill  Gandhi talk  Gandhi Watch  Game 3 Drill(sort of) Which statement best reflects a belief of Mohandas Gandhi? 1. Muslims and Hindus must be separated if true peace is to come to India  2. India must adopt the British factory system  3. The caste system must remain an important cornerstone of Hindu society  4. India must achieve independence, but not at the expense of further dividing the Indian people 

  12. May 8th - Draft Day Agenda: Pray  Drill  Gandhi talk  Gandhi Watch  Game 3 Drill(sort of) Which statement best reflects a belief of Mohandas Gandhi? 1. Muslims and Hindus must be separated if true peace is to come to India  2. India must adopt the British factory system  3. The caste system must remain an important cornerstone of Hindu society  4. India must achieve independence, but not at the expense of further dividing the Indian people 

  13. Gandhi…the beginnings • After Gandhi has a run in with the thugs on the sidewalk… • He is working to build a community (ashram) he is hoping to accomplish a sense of home for the people, and freedom for his family. • It being outside of India, everyone has to do their fair share of the work, where as in India, untouchables would do it

  14. Untouchables? • Gandhi’s wife’s turn to clean the latreen is up, but she is unhappy because she is not in a caste that should have to • Gandhi and her get in a fight • She has to because she is his wife • And because everyone contributes • …and she conceides • He leads a South African protest against the carrying of “colored passess”

  15. Passes for the street? • He encourages them to fight, you will have to • Fight • Go to prison • Get tortured • But never get violent • Then they march on the mines where they are being suppressed and police on horseback confront them, but lose…and then they send him to jail

  16. Gandhi returns to India • He goes on a missionary pilgrimage to see India… • HE SEES A TON OF POVERTY… • AND SOLDIERS MEET HIS TRAIN AND BEAT PEOPLE • HE MEETS WITH THE MUSLIM LEAGUE • Then Gandhi makes his speech to inspire helping the tenant farmers… • SCENE 7

  17. Copy Question • Copy Correct Answer • Explain: In Africa, there were over 1000 languages, as the Bantu spread and diffused their culture in the Muslim world, languages became more universal.

  18. Agenda Pray Five Questions Game Debate African Freedom Movements – Page 8 Pages 9-11 Divide and Conquer The 15th of May, 2014 TAKE OUT A HALF SHEET OF PAPER…SHARING IS CARING

  19. Big Announcement:Regents Reviews w/me are Mondays and Wednesdays now until forever.Marche does them too

  20. Half Sheet of paper… • What was the ultimate goal of Gandhi and the Indian National Congress • Why would Gandhi have disagreed with the protest tactics of Vladimir Lenin or Sun Yatsen? • At what event do the British kill hundreds of peaceful protestors? • How does that weaken the British and strengthen the Indian National Congress? • How did Gandhi protest the tax on salt? Bonus: Why was Gandhi constantly spinning thread?

  21. Half Sheet of paper…Answers • Indian independence from Britain. • They were violent protests. • Amritsar Massacre • It shows the British to be a violent, unsettled mother government who violates human rights • Salt March Bonus: He made his own clothes because the British were forcing their textiles, instead of Indian made textiles on the Indians. (he boycotted).

  22. January 30, 1948:Gandhi was assassinated by a Hindu extremist who thought Gandhi was too protective of Muslims • Kashmir: Northern part of India…Hindu ruler with a majority Muslim population…fighting over that land continues today • Indira Gandhi (Nehru’s daughter) was the next prime minister until she was assassinated by Sikh extremists that wanted an independent state

  23. Rajiv Gandhi: Indira Gandhi’s son becomes prime minister until he was accused of being corrupt • Eventually East Pakistan became known as Bangladesh. • Although the caste system is illegal women still have few rights

  24. Annotating Page 8 ….here is a half sheet of paper with questions Then… 1 = Ghana (9) 2 = Kenya (10) 3 = Algeria (11)

  25. Drill • What do Jomo Kenyatta, KwameNkruma and Ahmed Ben Bella have in common? • Led nationalist movements in their native African nations from European empires. (Kenya, Ghana and Algeria) 5/19/14 Agenda Check 16 Pray Drill Finish anything with African liberators Apartheid video + Maybe reading? FW DeClerk Story: 13? ESPYs Video Homework: Venn Diagram 17 + 18

  26. Apartheid 1948-1994 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2f2k6iDFCL4

  27. FW DeKlerk – pg 12 • Last President of Apartheid South Africa • Legalized ANC and freed Mandela • Negotiated to end apartheid, allowed national vote overwhelming majority of whites voted to end apartheid.

  28. Who should be a bigger hero to the world, Gandhi or Mandela? Defend your answer… 5/20/14 Agenda Check HW Pray Drill Springboks Video if needed Share HW answers on the board Ataturk Articles Gandhi/Mandela Thematic Essay due ON TURN IT IN on Monday at midnight

  29. Apartheid

  30. Drill • Provide examples as to how Ataturk changed Turkish life • Westernized • Democracy • Women’s rights • Modernized education • Built up industry • Separations of Church and State (antidisestablishmentarianism) • Etc. 5/21/14 Agenda Check HW and Pray Drill Did 1st do the Venn Diagram? Ataturk Video Ataturk and Turkey, Then and Now

  31. Mustafa Kemal Ataturk

  32. Lebanon Syria Golan Heights West Bank Gaza Strip Israel Jordan ALSO EGYPT EGYPT Sinai Peninsula Saudi Arabia

  33. Israeli Palestinian Conflict

  34. Conflicts in the Middle East

  35. Background • Israel: promised land of the Jews dating back 3000 years • Palestine: land consisting of Israel, West Bank and Gaza Strip • Palestinians (both Muslim and Christian) claim Palestine since Jews were driven out of the region in 135 A.D. • Arabs claim Palestine is theirs since their conquest of the region in the 7th century

  36. Background • When Jews were forced out of Israel in 135 A.D. they dispersed throughout the world—Diaspora • Zionists—Jews who want to return to their homeland in Israel/Palestine (began organizing 19th and 20th centuries)

  37. Background • Palestine was controlled by the Ottoman Empire until it collapsed after WWI • League of Nations asked Britain to oversee Palestine until it is ready for independence

  38. The Balfour Declaration • 1917—Zionist leaders write a letter to British Foreign Secretary Sir Arthur Balfour asking for a Jewish homeland in Palestine

  39. Drill • Describe life on the Gaza Strip border? Why is it like that? 5/27/14 Agenda Pray Drill Announcements Continue Notes on Palestine/Israel Page 24 stuff

  40. 1. Britain issues the Balfour Declaration CAUSES: • Increase of Jews immigrating to Palestine • Request for a Jewish homeland EFFECTS: • Issue not solved • British refer issue to UN

  41. 2. Independent Israel is created Causes: • 1947--UN recommends partitioning Palestine • International support for Jews after the Holocaust Effects: • Outbreak of full-scale Arab-Israeli war

  42. Independent Israel • Jerusalem is a city owned by neither side • Jews get 55% of land (they are only 34% of population)—sympathy from UN • Palestinians and Arabs reject it—say UN should not partition a country against the wishes of the majority of residents