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  1. Bellringer • What is your favorite part about Christmas break? (Do not say not going to school) • Put your completed Bellringer in the tray • After we go over your tests and quizzes, we are going to watch a movie • No one is allowed to leave the room due to finals going on

  2. Bellringer • What is your phone number in Roman numerals? • Ex. 555-5551 (VVV-VVVI) • Get your notes in the correct order, name on them, and stapled. You will turn these in TOMORROW before your Chapter 7 Vocabulary Quiz and Chapter 7 Test • Chapter 7-1 (G.O.) • Chapter 7-3 (G. O.) • Chapter 7-4 (G. O.) • Chapter 7-5 (G. O.)

  3. Bellringer • What are three things you have learned from this chapter? • Put your Chapter 7 Notes in the tray • We will do a quick review of the Vocabulary Terms and Multiple Choice Questions

  4. Chapter 7 Test Review

  5. Because the Roman government was led by two men, power was • In the hands of the plebeians • Divided equally between them • Given to local governors • In the hands of the senate

  6. Julius Caesar was able to gain control of Rome after he was • Elected governor by the citizens • Able to conquer the Persians • Victorious in the conquest of Gaul • Appointed by Octavian

  7. As long as the conquered people lived peacefully, they were • Strictly ruled by Roman generals • Left alone by Roman governors • Not allowed to follow their religion • Exempt from paying taxes to Rome

  8. The Roman senate gave Augustus all the power he wanted because • He made himself dictator • He threatened to destroy the republic • They were grateful for Rome’s peace and prosperity • The conquered people threatened to revolt

  9. The two kinds of citizens in the Roman Republic were • Consuls and emperors • Patricians and consuls • Plebeians and patricians • Plebeians and slaves

  10. Unlike the Greeks, who were interested in ideas, the Romans were more interested • Focusing on trade instead of education • Copying the Egyptians’ approach to learning • Spreading democracy throughout their empire • Using knowledge to build things

  11. If two Roman consuls disagreed on how to handle an emergency, Roman law provided for • The appointment of a dictator • The election of a king • The crowning of an emperor • The appointment of a general

  12. Roman law was based on the idea of • Revenge • Inequality • Fairness • Absolute rule

  13. Rome’s geographic setting was important because • Strong winds brought heavy spring rains to the land • Its position was central to Italy and the known Western world • It was surrounded by deserts and mountains, which insured its safety from invasions • Farmers depended on yearly flooding to plant crops

  14. The majority of Roman citizens were • Unemployed • Wealthy • Farmers • Merchants

  15. Two reasons for Rome’s serious economic problems were • Unemployment and inflation • Low taxes and drought • The cost of maintaining a large army and low taxes • A severe plague and drought

  16. The Roman emperors gave free grain to the poor • Whenever they had a surplus • Whenever they were unemployed • To prevent riots when the harvest was poor • Because the law required it

  17. Roman law is important to us today because • It shows why the empire finally fell apart • It was extremely harsh and unfair to conquered peoples • It did not protect the rights of people accused of crimes • It developed ideas of justice that are the basis of our legal system

  18. According to legend, why did Constantine convert to Christianity? • There was a food shortage • He wanted to stop Christians from being killed • He saw a vision of a cross on the sun • The Vandals invaded Rome

  19. In ancient Rome, most people lived • In tents • In villas • In poor housing • On small farms

  20. During the decline of Rome, the emperors • Blamed Christianity for a wide variety of problems • Decided to ignore Christianity • Ruled that Christianity could spread only in Egypt • Pointed to the real causes of the decline

  21. Most of all, ancient Romans place great emphasis on • Family life • Military achievements • Religions intolerance • Freedom for their slaves

  22. According to the Gospels, which of the following is true of Jesus? • His parables were lengthy written essays criticizing the emperor • He rose from the dead and spoke to his disciples • He believed there were several true gods • He relied entirely on his disciples to spread his teachings

  23. Under Constantine’s rule, the Roman Empire • Was intolerant of all religions • Collapsed • Accepted Christianity as its official religion • Was divided into two parts

  24. Because Roman emperors sent many Christians to their deaths, • The Roman Empire was revived • Many Romans admired the Christians • The emperors’ moral standing improved • Christianity disappeared

  25. Why did the Roman governor condemn Jesus to death? • He has been accused of teaching that God was greater than the emperor • He was organizing the common people to overthrow the emperor • He has been accused of stealing from the rich • His followers refused to work

  26. Whose writing helped turn Christianity into an organized religion? • Nero • Hadrian • Jesus • Paul

  27. Why did Diocletian divide the empire into two parts? • To stop wars within the empire • To make it easier to rule • To send wealth from Rome to Constantinople • Because he had lost interest in the west