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Civil Society Initiatives on Anti-Corruption PTF-ADB Collaboration 29 November 2007 ▪ Ortigas, Philippines G-Watch and Textbook WalkGenerating Demand to Prevent Corruption Redempto S. PArafina Ateneo School of Government Philippines
ordinary citizens can help the government prevent corruption the G-Watch idea: G-Watch is a corruption-prevention project of the Ateneo School of Government. It tracks public expenditure and monitors government program implementation. It has monitored textbook delivery, school building construction, drug procurement, and public works projects. It started in year 2000.
framework tool and method must be simple and easy to use • there must be consultation with agency on monitoring and its results • systems reform, not witch-hunting
Situationer • G-Watch Monitoring, 2001 • 40% could not be accounted for • Suppliers delivered anytime anywhere • Recipients were not notified about deliveries • G-Watch Monitoring, 2003 • 21% were not distributed to difficult-to-reach schools • Distribution funds were not accessible
Textbook Count and Citizens’ Action • A joint undertaking of the Department of Education and civil society organizations • Four consecutive runs from 2003 to 2007 • Aims to prevent corruption in bidding, production, delivery and distribution stages • From 2003 to 2007, 65 million textbooks amounting to P2.5B (US$50M) were tracked in 4,844-7,499 delivery points
Textbook CountReforms • International competitive bidding was used • Synchronized delivery system was introduced • Citizen volunteers were mobilized for monitoring (including young Scouts and church parishioners) • Information was disseminated nationwide to schools and monitors • Monitors sign receipt For 3rd party CSO monitor
Accomplishments of Textbook Count • Prices of textbooks were reduced by 40-50% • Procurement process (bidding to delivery) was shortened from 24 to 12 months • Printing and binding quality was improved • Delivery errors were reduced to as low as 5% on the average • From Top 5 Corrupt to Top 5 Cleanest (SWS) • Sustained gains and signs of institutionalization (Textbook Walk, DepED Order 59, s 2007)
Objectivesof Textbook Walk • Need to address lingering problems in onward distribution • Need to localize Textbook Count • Need to institutionalize Textbook Count
How Textbook Walkwas implemented G-Watch provides technical assistance (info, briefing) Organizing of the Community Coordinating Team Community Planning & Preparations Synchronized Textbook Walk Ceremony Reporting & Evaluation Schools receive the books
Communities’ response • Around 6,000 people joined the event. • Creativity and local talents were utilized. • Clamour for more of the same event was sounded off
DepED’s response • DepED officials observed and were convinced of the impact of the initiative. • Plans of replication are underway for the next batch of textbook delivery. • Plans to channel P1.50 delivery fund to Textbook Walk being considered.
Addressing corruption • Access to information was promoted up to grassroots level. • Heightened expectation on availability of services discouraged corrupt behavior. • It gave people opportunity to demand, which made them less tolerant of corruption. Thank you!