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Theories on Adolescence

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  1. Theories on Adolescence Chapter 4.1

  2. Stanley Hall (1844 – 1924) • American Psychologist & Educator • Focused on childhood development and evolutionary theory

  3. “Adolescence is like being a fully grown animal in a cage, an animal that sees freedom but does not know quite when freedom will occur or how to handle it. Thus the adolescent is portrayed as existing in a state of great storm and stress…” -Stanley Hall First President of the APA

  4. Margaret Mead • (1901 – 1978) • American cultural anthropologist • Reports about attitudes towards sex in Southeast Asian traditional cultures amply informed the 1960s sexual revolution

  5. Margaret Mead • Mead found, in other cultures, that adolescence is a highly enjoyable time of life and not at all marked by storm and stress. The storm and stress was a by-product of the society and not a natural occurrence.

  6. Which of the two psychologists do you agree more with…Hall or Mead? Whose argument could we categorize as Nature and which would be Nurture argument?

  7. Challenges • Robert Havighurst pointed out various challenges that every adolescence must face • The next few slides we will look at some of the tasks

  8. Accepting one’s physical makeup and acquiring a masculine or feminine gender role

  9. Developing appropriate relations with age-mates of both sexes

  10. Becoming emotionally independent of parents and other adults

  11. Achieving the assurance that one will become economically independent

  12. Deciding on, preparing for, and entering a vocation

  13. Developing cognitive skills and concepts necessary for social competence

  14. Understanding and achieving socially responsible behavior

  15. Preparing for family and marriage

  16. Acquiring values that are harmonious and appropriate

  17. Teens face issues everyday but out of these issues you grow as people and become young adults…

  18. Your assignment • Choose two of the nine challenges that a teen goes through • With those two, come up with a way that a person can complete these challenges • Then, create a black and white comic strip that shows a teenager accomplishing these challenges • The comic must contain a minimum of four slides