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Integrated Pest Management (IPM). Conventional Pest Management Strategies. Use of pesticides What are some of the major environmental and ecological concerns? How about human health concerns?. Ecological and Environmental Impacts of Pesticides. Silent Spring, Rachel Carson (1962)

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Presentation Transcript
conventional pest management strategies
Conventional Pest Management Strategies

Use of pesticides

What are some of the major environmental and ecological concerns?

How about human health concerns?

nau.edu/iaqtc

ecological and environmental impacts of pesticides
Ecological and Environmental Impacts of Pesticides

Silent Spring, Rachel Carson (1962)

Trophic levels and bioaccumulation

Transport and runoff

Pesticides in the atmosphere, & surface & groundwater

human health c oncerns
Human Health Concerns

Exposure

Agricultural applications

Home use

“Irritation to eye, nose, and throat; damage to central nervous system and kidney; increased risk of cancer.  Symptoms may include headache, dizziness, muscular weakness, and nausea. Chronic exposure to some pesticides can result in damage to the liver, kidneys, endocrine and nervous systems.

Both the active and inert ingredients in pesticides can be organic compounds; therefore, both could add to the levels of airborne organics inside homes.”

nau.edu/iaqtc

how prevalent are pesticides in the home
How prevalent are pesticides in the home?

“Study suggests that 80 percent of most people's exposure to pesticides occurs indoors and that measurable levels of up to a dozen pesticides have been found in the air inside homes.”

  • US EPA, IAQ & Pesticides (2012)
  • Survey Question: Do you have any pesticides in your home? If so, have you used them in the last 6 months?

nau.edu/iaqtc

what is ipm how is it different than other conventional approaches
What is IPM? How is it different than other conventional approaches?

…“an effective and environmentally sensitive approach to pest management that relies on a combination of common-sense practices. IPM programs use current, comprehensive information on the life cycles of pests and their interaction with the environment. This information, in combination with available pest control methods, is used to manage pest damage by the most economical means, and with the least possible hazard to people, property, and the environment.”

USEPA, IPM Principles 2012

nau.edu/iaqtc

how does ipm work
How does IPM work?

US EPA’s IPM Principles

Set action thresholds

Monitor and identify pests

Prevention

Control

What is IPM? National Pest Management Association

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UZPeanRqW5s

nau.edu/iaqtc

pests of concern for iaq
Pests of Concern for IAQ

Rodents – mice and rats

Cockroaches and ants

Fleas, dust mites, bed bugs

nau.edu/iaqtc

what do pests require to thrive
What do pests require to thrive?

Food, water, warmth, shelter

Step 1: Assess: Am I providing these key needs?

nau.edu/iaqtc

remove food
Remove Food

Eliminates feeding options

Empty garbage often

Store food securely (also pet food)

Clean up crumbs, wash dishes right away

nau.edu/iaqtc

remove water
Remove Water

Reduces pest-promoting moisture

Fix plumbing leaks promptly

Wipe up spills

Empty pet dishes at night

Don’t leave water in sink

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block pest entryways
Block Pest Entryways

Access Points

Repair holes and openings in walls

Assess home for possible nesting areas (e.g., eaves)

Install screens, doors, windows, and regularly check on weather stripping

Close doors when not in use

nau.edu/iaqtc

decrease pest habitat
Decrease Pest Habitat

Eliminate hiding spaces and nesting materials

Bathe pets often

Avoid clutter

nau.edu/iaqtc

reduce asthma triggers
Reduce Asthma Triggers

Lincoln-Lancaster County Health Dept.

Environmental Public Health

  • Cockroaches
  • Dust (mites)
  • Vacuum and sweep frequently
    • Regular maintenance
    • Change filter
  • Change bedding often and wash in hot water

nau.edu/iaqtc

ipm resources
IPM Resources

Please see the “IAQ Resources” document

  • US EPA – IPM Principles

http://www.epa.gov/pesticides/factsheets/ipm.htm

  • USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture National Roadmap for IPM, 2004

http://www.csrees.usda.gov/nea/pest/pdfs/nat_ipm_roadmap.pdf

Questions?

nau.edu/iaqtc