Integrated Pest Management (IPM). Conventional Pest Management Strategies. Use of pesticides What are some of the major environmental and ecological concerns? How about human health concerns?. Ecological and Environmental Impacts of Pesticides. Silent Spring, Rachel Carson (1962)
Use of pesticides
What are some of the major environmental and ecological concerns?
How about human health concerns?
Silent Spring, Rachel Carson (1962)
Trophic levels and bioaccumulation
Transport and runoff
Pesticides in the atmosphere, & surface & groundwater
“Irritation to eye, nose, and throat; damage to central nervous system and kidney; increased risk of cancer. Symptoms may include headache, dizziness, muscular weakness, and nausea. Chronic exposure to some pesticides can result in damage to the liver, kidneys, endocrine and nervous systems.
Both the active and inert ingredients in pesticides can be organic compounds; therefore, both could add to the levels of airborne organics inside homes.”
“Study suggests that 80 percent of most people's exposure to pesticides occurs indoors and that measurable levels of up to a dozen pesticides have been found in the air inside homes.”
…“an effective and environmentally sensitive approach to pest management that relies on a combination of common-sense practices. IPM programs use current, comprehensive information on the life cycles of pests and their interaction with the environment. This information, in combination with available pest control methods, is used to manage pest damage by the most economical means, and with the least possible hazard to people, property, and the environment.”
USEPA, IPM Principles 2012
US EPA’s IPM Principles
Set action thresholds
Monitor and identify pests
What is IPM? National Pest Management Association
Rodents – mice and rats
Cockroaches and ants
Fleas, dust mites, bed bugs
Food, water, warmth, shelter
Step 1: Assess: Am I providing these key needs?
Eliminates feeding options
Empty garbage often
Store food securely (also pet food)
Clean up crumbs, wash dishes right away
Reduces pest-promoting moisture
Fix plumbing leaks promptly
Wipe up spills
Empty pet dishes at night
Don’t leave water in sink
Repair holes and openings in walls
Assess home for possible nesting areas (e.g., eaves)
Install screens, doors, windows, and regularly check on weather stripping
Close doors when not in use
Eliminate hiding spaces and nesting materials
Bathe pets often
Lincoln-Lancaster County Health Dept.
Environmental Public Health
Please see the “IAQ Resources” document