Topic 2 Human Resources. Human Resource Planning. Learning Objectives. Describe reasons for and consequences of changing work patterns and practices HL – Analyse the consequences of changing work patterns and practices on business HL – Apply Handy’s Shamrock organisation theory.
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Topic 2Human Resources Human Resource Planning
Learning Objectives • Describe reasons for and consequences of changing work patterns and practices • HL – Analyse the consequences of changing work patterns and practices on business • HL – Apply Handy’s Shamrock organisation theory
Contracts of Employment • Legally binding document • Care must be taken to ensure they are fair and accord with current employment law • Contains details of employees responsibilities, hours of work etc • In most countries it is illegal to not be given a contract of employment
Different types of workers PERIPHERAL – Temporary, part time, self employed CORE – Full time Permanent
Changing employment patterns • Changes in theemploymentsectors: primary, secondary, tertiarysectors as the country becomes more developed. • E.g. Fewerpeoplework as farmers, more peoplework in factories • Ageingpopulation • Flexible workingstructuresusingfewercorestaff • Flexible workinghours • More part-time staff, consultants and contractors • Needtoretainthevaluablecorestaff • Training onlyforthecorestaff
Flexible working structures • Teleworking and mobile teleworking • Home working • Geographical distance is no longer a problem • Businesses save money on renting office space • Lower rates of absenteeism • Employees don’t waste time travelling to work • Employees have more autonomy • Employees can care for children at home, while working • A Portfolio worker • Works on multiple projects for multiple companies
Flexible working structures • Part-time employment • Cheapertoemploy • Easyto “hire and fire” • Butpart-timersmayfeellessvalued and lessmotivated • Flexitime • 9am to 2pm youmust be at work • Theotherhours are flexible • Employees can balance theirwork and life • Outsourcing • Usinganoutsideagencytocarryoutsomebusinessfunctions
Main reason for these changes are… • Focus on competitiveness • Need for greater labour mobility • Greater opportunities for outsourcing • Changing social and demographic patterns
Charles Handy: ShamrockOrganisation • Another way of representing the trend towards fewer core staff on permanent and salaried contracts
Charles Handy: ShamrockOrganization • Dynamicnature of business • Didn’tbelieve in jobsforlife • Short-termjobsorcontracts are better • Businessesshould try tomeettheneeds of theirworkers • Job enrichment • Flexible workingstructures Peripheralworkers Core staff Outsourcedworkers