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Notes from “Fostering Pro-Poor Growth”. Sarfraz Khan Qureshi Director, Innovative Development Strategies. Fosu: Determinants of Pro-Poor Growth. Inequality reduction is crucial to poverty reduction Should strive to find policies that are growth promoting and inequality reducing

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notes from fostering pro poor growth

Notes from “Fostering Pro-Poor Growth”

Sarfraz Khan Qureshi

Director, Innovative Development Strategies

fosu determinants of pro poor growth
Fosu: Determinants of Pro-Poor Growth
  • Inequality reduction is crucial to poverty reduction
    • Should strive to find policies that are growth promoting and inequality reducing
  • One potential type of policy-- policies that encourage growth in sub-sectors with high output elasticities with respect to employment
huang rural poverty reduction and determinants of pro poor growth
Huang- Rural Poverty Reduction and Determinants of Pro-Poor Growth
  • Studies the major driving forces behind massive poverty reduction in China
  • Finds negative association between the change in poverty incidence and change in agricultural output (over time)
    • Economic growth also essential
diaz bonilla global macroeconomy developments implications for poverty
Diaz-Bonilla: Global Macroeconomy Developments: Implications for Poverty
  • Quality of growth is affected by world variables
  • Cycles and Trends can affect growth
    • Current cycle seems to be ending
    • Developing countries should be prepared for down cycle
  • Trend: Need to be aware that economic growth will continue to require (scarce) energy resources
ahmed fiscal policy instruments and political economy of designing programs for the poorest
Ahmed: Fiscal Policy Instruments and Political Economy of Designing Programs for the Poorest
  • Need a more subtle view of governance
    • Local officials may not have incentives to implement central “programs”
  • Taxation, when centralized, can redistribute, but…
    • If not centralized, poor areas lack resources to meet poverty spending
  • Transfers-- central government can lack monitoring ability over local regions
keyzer cost of achieving mdg1
Keyzer-- Cost of Achieving MDG1
  • Declaration of MDG 1 missed a lot of potential costs in goals
    • Overlooked malaria, leprosy, infrastructure, supply side on education/health improvements
    • Assumed constant wages for teachers, etc.
  • Data basis for some MDG indicators unclear or wrong (FAO data vs. DHS)
  • Ignores lessons from Asia
q a highlights
Q&A: Highlights
  • Left off the table-- higher agricultural productivity as a source of poverty reduction
    • More subtle knowledge necessary for productivity improvements in Sub-Sarahan Africa than Asia
  • Should migration be more of an instrument for growth?
q a more highlights
Q&A: More highlights
  • Fostering pro-poor growth-- discussion failed to mention role of women-- and could be a disaster if migration is promoted
    • However, migration is largely female in some countries (e.g. Philippines)