Bill of Rights First 10 amendments to the constitution
First Amendment • Free exercise of Religion • Freedom of Speech • Freedom of Press • Freedom of Assembly and Petition • Also Called RAPPS
JOHN PETER ZENGER • John Peter Zenger was a German-born U.S. journalist in New York City. • Created a newspaper to voice opposition to the difficult policies of newly appointed Colonial Governor William Cosby. • His case was an important contributing factors to the development of freedom of the press in America. • He was acquitted during his trial…
SECOND AMENDMENT • The Right to Bare Arms
Third Amendment • No Quartering of Troops
Fourth Amendment • No Unreason- able Searches and Seizures
Fifth Amendment Guarantee of Grand Jury • No Double Jeopardy (can’t be tried for the same crime twice) • No Self-Incrimination (Plead the fifth) • Guarantee of Due Process (everyone gets treated the same) • To taking of Property without Just Compensation ($) (eminent Domain)
O.J. Simpson cannot be charged for the same crime twice under the Fifth Amendment.
SIXTH AMENDMENT • Right to Speedy, Public Trial • Right to Trial by Jury • Right to be informed of Charge • Right to Confront Witnesses • Right to obtain Witnesses • Right to Counsel (Attorney)
SEVENTH AMENDMENT • Trial by Jury in Civil Cases over $20 • In the 1700’s twenty dollars was a lot more money than it is today. • Now, for any dispute involving less than $1500.00, small claims court will handle the case without a jury.
Eighth Amendment • No Excessive Bail or Fines • No Cruel or Unusual Punishment • An early electric chair • “Dunking” no longer used
8th Amendment Continued Number of states that use which method of execution: • Firing Squad - 3 • Hanging - 4 • Lethal Gas - 7 • Electric Chair - 11 • Lethal Injection - 33 The U.S. Supreme Court ruled in 1976 that the death penalty was constitutional First 8 amendments spell out personal liberties
Ninth Amendment • Unenumerated Rights not Denied to the People People still have rights that they are entitled to that may not be expressed directly in the Constitution. • This always goes back to Natural Rights…life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. • Includes the right to privacy
Tenth Amendment • Undelegated Powers reserved for the States • The tenth amendment sets up the basic principle of federalism • The governmental powers not listed in the Constitution for the national government are powers that the states, or the people of those states, can have.
10th Amendment Examples The states determine the rules for: marriages divorces driving licenses voting state taxes job and school requirements rules for police fire departments
What the Bill of Rights Presented • Protection against a strong central government • Protection of Individual liberties • Protection through a trial by jury • James Madison takes on the responsibility of submitting 12 possible amendments out of 80 submitted by the states to Congress…only 10 were chosen.
HOMEWORK • You will have to write a one page essay detailing which amendment is most important to you and why. • You can use any amendment (beyond the first 10) • This assignment is due tomorrow. It can be typed or written legibly…please
CLASS ASSIGNMENT • The class will divided into ten groups. Each group will be assigned one of the amendments from the bill of rights. • Your group’s job is to create a poster that explains your amendment in your own words and has an illustration that supports the amendment.