Unit 6 The Romantic Age. Romantic Authors in England 1. William Blake --not always regarded as a Romantic poet; often included in the Pre-Romantic group. 2. William Wordsworth 3. Samuel Taylor Coleridge. 4. Percy Bysshe Shelley 5. John Keats 6. George Gordon, Lord Byron
1. William Blake--not always regarded as a Romantic poet; often included in the Pre-Romantic group.
2. William Wordsworth
3. Samuel Taylor Coleridge
5. John Keats
6. George Gordon, Lord Byron
7. Jane Austen
1 It is the honorable characteristic of Poetry that
2 its materials are to be found in every subject
3 which can interest the human mind. The evidence of this fact is to be sought, not in the
5 writings of Critics, but in those of Poets themselves.
- not much read during his lifetime
- harshly judged by critics
- belief arose that negative criticism hastened his death (see Norton p. 767 for refutation of this theory)
- Keats wrote to his brother George "I think I shall be among the English poets after my death"
- reputation (like Blake's) established by later Victorians
- Tennyson considered him the greatest poet of the 19th C
- the Victorian critic Arthur Hallam (editor and close friend of Tennyson) contrasted Keats and Shelley as poets of "sensation" with Wordsworth as a poet of "reflection"
- Keats began to be treated as a serious thinker and literary theorist with the publication of his letters in the twentieth century (see Norton p. 828)
Keats did not, like Wordsworth, articulate a formal poetic theory, but he wrote informally to his friends about the ideas that most excited him: the imagination, the relation between thought and sensation, the poet's identity.