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The Romantic Age. The Romantic Hero. People who embodied Romantic qualities: Free-spirited Unconventional behavior Original Napoleon, Beethoven, Chopin, Keats, Lord Byron, Frederick Douglass, etc. Values of Romanticism. Belief in the natural goodness of man (Rousseau)

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the romantic hero
The Romantic Hero
  • People who embodied Romantic qualities:
    • Free-spirited
    • Unconventional behavior
    • Original
  • Napoleon, Beethoven, Chopin, Keats, Lord Byron, Frederick Douglass, etc.
values of romanticism
Values of Romanticism
  • Belief in the natural goodness of man (Rousseau)
  • Glorification of the self
  • Love of nature, the exotic, history in a nostalgic way
  • Originality
  • Rejection of Enlightenment ideals
  • Interest in folk tradition, nationalism
the napoleonic era
The Napoleonic Era
  • 1799 – disillusioned citizens
  • New hero: Napoleon Bonaparte
  • Dreams of imperial glory
  • Crowned himself emperor in 1804
  • Campaign to conquer Europe
  • Defeated in 1814 at Waterloo
  • Imprisoned for the rest of his life at St. Helena
napoleon and the arts
Napoleon and the Arts
  • Imitated Roman emperors – made Paris imperial capital like Rome
  • Power advertised by arts and buildings
  • Louvre – a museum for pieces stolen from conquered countries
  • Triumphal arches and columns
  • La Madeleine – made in the style of a Greek temple
  • Jacques-Louis David was “Painter to the Empire”
  • Coronation scene and equestrian painting
beethoven
Beethoven
  • Suffering romantic genius
  • Deafness at 25
  • Pianist in Vienna, able to sell his compositions
  • Added piccolo and trombone to the symphonic orchestra
  • Symphony Number 5 in C Minor
  • Confrontation with fate: “fate knocking at the door”
  • Motif – a term for short musical idea
  • Symphony No. 3, Eroica, was the bridge between Classical style and Romantic style
musical virtuosos
Musical Virtuosos
  • Paganini – the violin
  • Chopin – the piano
  • Schumann -- songs and symphonies
  • Clara Schumann – lieder (songs)
  • Brahms – symphonies
goethe and faust
Goethe and Faust
  • Faust – a romantic masterpiece drama in two parts
  • Delacroix illustrated a French translation
  • Schubert composed songs
  • Gounod – the opera Faust – the ambition to burst all human constraint and indulge unquenched desire for experience
delacroix and the byronic hero
Delacroix and the Byronic Hero
  • French more attracted to sensuality of Lord Byron – Don Juan, life of sexual freedom, political idealism and exotic travel.
  • Intellectual and moral freedom
  • Eugène Delacroix rebelled against the academy
  • Color, drama, and exotic themes
liberty leading the people
Liberty Leading the People
  • Fig. 17.5
  • Revolution of 1830 overthrew the Bourbon king
  • Unity of the classes
  • “Liberty” is idealized
romantic social protest william blake
Romantic Social Protest: William Blake
  • Sympathetic observer of those enslaved by the industrial city
  • Condemned the ills of urban existence
romantic feminism
Romantic Feminism
  • Mary Wollstonecraft – A Vindication of the Rights of Women, compared women to soldiers
  • Revolutions did not liberate women
  • Napoleon’s legal code denied women the right to hold property
  • Western nations did not allow women to vote
goya and spain
Goya and Spain
  • Goya’s paintings depicted the senseless brutality of war: Great Courage! Against Corpses! (fig. 17.3)
  • Executions of the Third of May, 1808 (fig. 17.2)
  • Christ-like martyr in white
  • Lamp = enlightenment (irony)
the romantics and nature
The Romantics and Nature
  • Romantic landscapes
  • Constable: The Haywain (fig. 17.8),rustic landscapes
  • Turner: The Slave Ship (fig. 17.9), colors of sea and sky
  • Thomas Moran: Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone (fig. 17.11), the drama of nature
romantic exoticism
Romantic Exoticism
  • Middle classes become strong
  • Drawn to exotic and grotesque
  • Colonies overseas in Africa and Asia
  • Fascination with Arabic customs and dress
  • Ingres – a disciple of David: La Grande Odalisque (fig. 17.6), classical figures
berlioz s symphonie fantastique
Berlioz’s Symphonie Fantastique
  • Innovated with program music (composition that tells a story or describes a place)
  • Story of Irish actress who rejected him
  • By the fifth movement, the musician is dead and his beloved joins the celebration in a witches’ dance
  • The macabre
the romantic novel
The Romantic Novel
  • Fascination with evil and the demonic – the “Gothic” novel
  • Edgar Allan Poe
  • Charlotte and Emily Brontë
  • Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein
  • Hero who suffers a conflict between his God-like ambitions and moral blindness