and substance abuse l.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
and Substance Abuse PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
and Substance Abuse

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 24

and Substance Abuse - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Stress. and Substance Abuse. Stress is inevitable… It is the body’s reaction to protect itself from emotional, physical pressures, and in extreme circumstances…from danger. STRESS FACTS. 80 % of health-care expenses is spent on stress-related disorders

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'and Substance Abuse' - kenton

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
and substance abuse


and Substance Abuse

Stress is inevitable…

It is the body’s reaction

to protect itself from emotional,

physical pressures, and in extreme

circumstances…from danger

stress facts
  • 80 % of health-care expenses is spent on stress-related disorders
  • 1 in 10 Americans suffer from anxiety disorders.
  • In 1998, 46 % of American population report feeling highly stressed.
  • Ten million Americans see a psychiatrist for stress-related issues each year.
  • One-third of the population make Stress Management a New Year’s Resolution each year.
body s response to stress

Blood pressure rises

Tightening of muscles.

Changes in blood flow/circulation.

Breathing becomes more rapid.

Increased heart rate.


Stress hormones are released.

Increased perspiration.

Imbalances in normal hormone levels.

Body’s Response to Stress
body s response to stress6
Body’s Response to Stress
  • Stress activates adaptive responses. It heightens memory. This is why people remember stressful events more clearly.
  • Mild stress causes changes that are useful. Stress can actually heighten our ability to focus and increase our capacity to react.
  • After a stress reaction, the body repairs itself. When chronic stress exists, there is no time for the body to repair and damage results.
stress response
stress factors
Lifestyle and Work

Too much or too little

Time pressure and deadlines

Lack of clear plans and goals

Inability to complete assignments/projects

Family changes

Frustration/boredom with current roles

Disruptions to Plans

Health and Nutrition

Stress eating

Using/Increasing Caffeine


Increasing Alcohol

Lack of Exercise

Lack of Relaxation

Lack of Sleep

No FUN!!

Stress Factors
stress factors9


Insufficient working and living space


Crowding and invasion of personal space

Lack of light

Poorly organized or run down environment

Stress-Building Beliefs

Do you feel a constant pressure to achieve?

Do you criticize yourself when you are not perfect?

Do you give up pleasure/relaxation in order to get more done?

Do you feel you have not done enough no matter how hard you try?

Stress Factors
stress responses

Sleep Deprivation

Heart palpitations

Tightness of chest

Butterflies in stomach

Dry Mouth/Dehydration


Sweaty all Over

Muscle Aches

Impaired Immune System


Information: Too much/too little



Hard Choices VS No Choices

Feeling Trapped

Stress Responses
stress responses11


Out of control


Keyed up/on Edge




Feelings of Doom/Gloom



Chronic Stress

Stress Responses
body s response to stress12
Body’s Response to Stress
  • Chronic stress causes physical illness….colds, stomach problems, headache, lack of concentration, chronic fatigue, depression.
  • Extreme stress can lead to the anxiety disorder of post traumatic stress disorder.
  • PTSD can occur in people of any age, including children and adolescents.
  • Symptoms of PTSD can include: insomnia, irritability, exaggerated startle response, re-occurring thoughts about the incident
risk factors for too much stress
Risk Factors for Too Much Stress
  • Away from support system (family, friends, community)
  • Inconsistent work responsibilities and schedules
  • Feeling of lack of control over personal and work environment
  • Inconsistent or not enough sleep
  • Lack of leisure/relaxation time
  • Perceived stressful work/living environment
  • Boredom, lack of challenge
stress and drug abuse
Stress and Drug Abuse
  • Stressful events may increase the use of alcohol and other drugs (the 1995 DOD health survey reports that military members site “stress” as the reason for drinking).
  • Stress is one of the major factors known to cause relapse to smoking, even after a long period of non-smoking.
  • Children exposed to severe stress are more vulnerable to future drug use.
  • Of individuals with substance abuse problems, up to 60 % meet the criteria for post traumatic stress.
25% of military personnel use alcohol and cigarettes as a coping mechanism for dealing with stress
stress and substance use among military women and men
Stress and Substance Use Among Military Women and Men
  • Military men experiencing high workplace stress were more likely than those experiencing low stress to be heavy alcohol users, illicit drug users, and tobacco users.
  • For women, high levels of stress at work and home did not affect alcohol and other drug use. For stressors related to being a woman in the military, illicit drug use and tobacco use increased.
stress and drug abuse17
Stress and Drug Abuse
  • Alcohol is a depressant drug.
  • It interrupts sleep.
  • It inhibits the body’s ability to handle the physical responses to stress.
  • It dehydrates.
  • It prevents development of healthy coping habits.
drinking safely
Drinking Safely
  • U.S. Department of Health and Human Services recommends that for those who CAN safely drink not drink more than:
    • 1 drink a day for women
    • 2 drinks a day for men
    • 1 drink per hour

Standard Drink: 12 oz of beer, 5 oz of wine, 1.5 ounces of liquor. These all contain the same amount of alcohol…your brain cannot tell the difference between a beer and a shot

factors that increase impairment
Factors that Increase Impairment


As a rule, a small person experiences greater impairment from a given amount of alcohol than a large person. Also, because degree of impairment is related to total body fluid

factors that increase impairment20
Factors that Increase Impairment


Women are typically more impaired from the same amount of alcohol then men of the same size. Women have more body fat and less blood.


Drinking alcohol with an empty stomach causes greater impairment

factors that increase impairment21
Factors that Increase Impairment


Someone who is tired, sick, or just getting well experiences greater impairment from alcohol. Fatigue adds greatly to increased risk, especially for shift workers.


This refers to all drugs, legal and illicit. Drinking alcohol while taking any drug can intensify or weaken the effect of the drug. It can also intensify the effect of the alcohol. It is dangerous & can be fatal.

dealing with stress
Dealing with Stress
  • Be aware of the physical and emotional symptoms
  • Counteract chronic and severe stress with good eating habits, more sleep, choosing healthy activities that promote fun and relaxation
  • Take charge of what you can
  • Talk it out
stress serenity prayer
Stress Serenity Prayer
  • Grant me the serenity to accept the things I cannot change, the courage to change the things I can… and the wisdom to know the difference.
for more information and assistance
For More Information and Assistance
  • Visit your Army Substance Abuse Program
  • Vicenza ASAP
  • Bldg 138 L, 2nd Floor